Presentation on theme: "Linking Social Innovation and Smart Specialisation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Linking Social Innovation and Smart Specialisation FP7 SmartSpec Project, Learning Journey Workshop,Ljubljana, 29-30, September 2014Ranald Richardson, Pedro Marques, and Kevin Morgan
2 Presentation Structure Introduction: Key objectives of WP2The (fuzzy) concept of Social innovationLinking Social Innovation and Smart SpecialisationThe Societal Challenge approachPotential limitations of societal challenge approachOpen discussion: other approaches
3 WP2 Key ObjectivesTo explore the conceptual links between S3 and social innovationTo identify how social innovation can contribute to S3 strategies focusing in particular on:The role of public service innovation around RISThe involvement of users and citizens in processes of design and decisionThe role of social enterprises as sources of social innovationWe look at these issues through the lens of the ageing societal challenge combining conceptual and empirical approachesOur core deliverables are academic papers but we seek to contribute to directly to policy thinking
4 So what is Social Innovation? “An idea longing for a theory….no consensus regarding its relevance or specific meaning… lacking in clarity…. ‘a Babel-like terminological confusion’” (Pol & Ville, 2009; Moulaert, et al, 2013;Oosterlynk, 2013)A ‘quasi-concept’ whose utility lies in grouping researchers and policymakers around a set of issues and concerns to generate social knowledge of value to both” (Jensen and Harrison, 2013)BEPA’s 3 broad ‘interdependent’ categories (BEPA, 2011)grass roots: social innovation for unmet social demandssocietal challenges: where ‘social’ and ‘economic’ boundaries blur in order to better meet society wide problemssystemic: fundamental changes in attitudes, values, strategies, policies, organisational structures and processes, delivery systems and services…re-shaping society itselfOur view: SI is context dependent - Our Context is S3Angst-ridden SI academics searching for the meaning of life or least of SI, but perhaps not wanting to put themselves out of a job by finding itA depoliticised technocratic, but still evangelical approach incorporating multiple trends, tendencies, topics and values under an instrumentalist social innovation rubric –A pragmatic shoulder shrugging less ambitious – it’s a device for stimulating ideas and possibilities particularly between academics and policymakersSo we are in a good place today to test this theory!
5 Social innovations as processes and outcomes “Social innovations are innovations that are social in both their ends and their means…new ideas (products, services and models) that simultaneously meet social needs (more effectively than alternatives) and create new social relationships or collaborations.The process of social interactions between individuals undertaken to reach certain outcomes is participative, involves a number of actors and stakeholders who have a vested interest in solving a social problem, and empowers the beneficiaries. It is in itself an outcome as it produces social capital” (BEPA, 2010: 9-10, italics added)
6 ‘Disconnects’ between RIS and SI Social InnovationSocial goalsSocial policySocial valuesResource redistributionJust socio-economic arrangementsCritical of technology biasAnti/post/operating-in-the- interstices of capitalismLimited regional strategy roleFragmented communities of social development practiceEconomic goalsEconomic-industrial policyMarket valuesWealth creationEfficient socio-economic arrangementsTechnology biasedEuropean model of capitalismEstablished regional strategy roleFragmented communities of regional economic development practiceSeparate multi-territorial governance silos
7 Emerging Models of Social and Economic Collaboration Triple Helix + users modelFirm-centred LL model
8 Emerging Models of Social and Economic Collaboration Citizen centred QH modelPublic-sector-centred LL model
9 SI and the Four Cs Can SI contribute to Four Cs? Choices: the selection of a few investment priorities based on a process of entrepreneurial discovery to identify promising areas of specialisationCompetitive advantage: building on current economic specialisation and mobilising talent by matching RTD+I with business needs and capacitiesCritical mass: developing world class excellence clusters and providing arenas for related variety and cross-sectoral links which drive specialised technological diversificationCollaborative Leadership: collective endeavour involving the academic world, public authorities, business and innovation usersCan SI contribute to Four Cs?Bring different values to motivate actionExtend domains of entrepreneurial discoveryHelp move S3 beyond STI or at least complement STI biasEnhance process and expand collective endeavour to underpin S3Can S3 contribute to SI?
10 Focus on Societal Challenges Societal challenges where ‘social’ and ‘economic’ boundaries blur in order better to meet society wide problems
11 Why choose ‘societal challenge’ (SC) Why focus on societal challenges?EU Grand ChallengesGlobal policy buy-in to ‘challenge’ approach – OECD, WEF, etc.€30bn Horizon 2020 for SCS3 strategies can… be a powerful instrument to tackle (societal) challenges (CEC, 2013)Challenge perspective should be included in regional strategiesEarly research indicates many regions adopting SC approachMost promising space for empiricsHealth, demographic change and wellbeingFood security, sustainable agriculture, marine and maritime research, and the bio-economySecure, clean and efficient energySmart, green and integrated transportInclusive, innovative and secure societiesClimate action, resource efficiency and raw materials
12 The Ageing Challenge and Opportunity Ageing society as a challenge and an opportunity“Ageing isn’t a problem, but a source of innovation and growth” (Nellie Kroes)Markets innovationsInnovation of new products and servicesInnovative approaches to ageing consumers and citizensPublic service innovationsMore cost effectively delivering public servicesPlanning and delivering public servicesNew sources of public service deliveryNew sources of innovation fundingNew sources of labour requiring labour market innovations‘New’ sources of entrepreneurship: private , social and third sectorsDirect contribution to innovation processes “the wisdom economy”
13 Smart Spatial Specialisation (S3) S3 has a dual territorial logicAt the European level S3 is about overcoming duplication, creating greater collaboration and a more diverse innovation systemAt the (national) regional level it is about specialisation for competitive advantage around existing or credibly realisable excellenceEuropean strength through diversity based on local ‘particularism’
14 Societal Challenge Innovation at the Europe Level: Health and Care Initiatives (Boekholt, 2013) European Innovation Partnership AHAOrganisational changeHorizon 2020Health, Demographic Change, WellbeingCultural changeAmbient Assisted LivingPrevention chronic diseasesSocial interaction of elderly peopleAssisted daily livingPersonalised medicinesIntegrated care systemsIndependent livingBio MarkersSelf management of daily lifeService integrationEarly DiagnosisUserEmpowermentDistant patient monitoringTrainingInteroperationability for e HealthInnovative Medicine InitiativeDigital Agenda for EuropeEU legislation cross border healthcareHealth for Growth
15 Innovation and the Ageing challenge Built-in technological bias? Policies and initiativesTechnology Innovation and Ageing Societal ChallengeDemographic Change Grand ChallengeDigital Agenda for Europe: Ageing Societal Challenge (DG Connect)Horizon 2020: Health, Demographic Change and WellbeingEuropean Institute for Technology (EIT): Innovation for Healthy Active Ageing Thematic Field and KICs CallEuropean Year of Active AgeingEuropean eHealth Forum: Technology for Health, Ageing and Economic Growth (DG SANCO)EIP on Active Healthy AgeingAmbient Assisted Living JPJIP on Demographic ChangeEJIP on Demographic Change: Technologies for LivingPartnerships for Robots in Europe (Health Care and Human Robotic Interaction
17 But S3 requires specialisation Adapted from Lower Saxony Region RIS3
18 S3 and Ageing Challenge: Supporting Alternative Innovation Domains? Home region as test market, innovation test-bed, and a collective innovation environment for SC technologies, with extra-regional collaboration and market searchSI as ‘handmaiden’ of economic growth?Medical techHealthSocial isolationICTs & Smart TransportAssistivetechnologiesILHMedical & LifeSciencesBuilt environmentICTTransport
19 S3 and Ageing Challenge: Supporting Alternative Innovation Domains? Also use technology innovation as catalyst for SI in home region, through PPPPs, culture and org change, new training regimes , etc.Or focus on non-technology innovation, e.g., developing new services process consultancyMedical techHealthSocial isolationICTs & Smart TransportAssistivetechnologiesILHMedical & LifeSciencesBuilt environmentICTTransport
20 All regions face societal challenges, but is it an opportunity for all? A number of ‘challenges’:The Capacity ChallengeThe Prioritization ChallengeThe Stakeholder Engagement ChallengeThe ‘Policy Mix’ ChallengeThe Multi-level Governance ChallengeThe Cross-border ChallengeThe Smart (Evidence-based) Policy Making ChallengeThe Policy Capacity Challenge
21 Some examples Capacity Challenge Prioritization challenge Lack of private sector capacity in Societal Challenge theme(s) and of related variety proximityLack of critical mass to prioritize potentialLittle regional power or responsibilityPrioritization challengeLack of integrated (social-economic) networks - missing actors in entrepreneurial search processThe ‘tyranny’ of traditional priorities
22 Some examples The Stakeholder Challenge Policy-mix Challenge Interdisciplinary, inter-sectoral, intra-organisational silosEngaging civic organisations and users meaningfully and for long-termEngaging public sector for innovative solutions in an era of austerityPolicy-mix ChallengeIntegrating policymakersIntegrating funding streamsMulti-level governance ChallengeVertical and horizontal alignmentPolicy and responsibility split between social and economic
23 The Cross-border collaboration challenge Difficult to design cross-border innovation strategies multiplied in context of national social strategiesSocial policy actors tend to be concerned with their ‘own backyard’The Smart Policy Making Challenge - evidenceDoes social or economic have priorityCan you measure bothSocial indicators and metrics underdevelopedPolicy Capacity ChallengeCan regions create the competencies mix and formal and informal new structures required?