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SmartSpec This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration.

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Presentation on theme: "SmartSpec This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration."— Presentation transcript:

1 SmartSpec This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement number Linking Social Innovation and Smart Specialisation FP7 SmartSpec Project, Learning Journey Workshop, Ljubljana, 29-30, September 2014 Ranald Richardson, Pedro Marques, and Kevin Morgan

2 SmartSpec Presentation Structure  Introduction: Key objectives of WP2  The (fuzzy) concept of Social innovation  Linking Social Innovation and Smart Specialisation  The Societal Challenge approach  Potential limitations of societal challenge approach  Open discussion: other approaches

3 SmartSpec WP2 Key Objectives  To explore the conceptual links between S3 and social innovation  To identify how social innovation can contribute to S3 strategies focusing in particular on: The role of public service innovation around RIS The involvement of users and citizens in processes of design and decision The role of social enterprises as sources of social innovation  We look at these issues through the lens of the ageing societal challenge combining conceptual and empirical approaches  Our core deliverables are academic papers but we seek to contribute to directly to policy thinking

4 SmartSpec So what is Social Innovation?  “An idea longing for a theory….no consensus regarding its relevance or specific meaning… lacking in clarity…. ‘a Babel-like terminological confusion’” (Pol & Ville, 2009; Moulaert, et al, 2013;Oosterlynk, 2013)  A ‘quasi-concept’ whose utility lies in grouping researchers and policymakers around a set of issues and concerns to generate social knowledge of value to both” (Jensen and Harrison, 2013)  BEPA’s 3 broad ‘interdependent’ categories (BEPA, 2011)  grass roots: social innovation for unmet social demands  societal challenges: where ‘social’ and ‘economic’ boundaries blur in order to better meet society wide problems  systemic: fundamental changes in attitudes, values, strategies, policies, organisational structures and processes, delivery systems and services…re-shaping society itself  Our view: SI is context dependent - Our Context is S3

5 SmartSpec Social innovations as processes and outcomes  “Social innovations are innovations that are social in both their ends and their means…new ideas (products, services and models) that simultaneously meet social needs (more effectively than alternatives) and create new social relationships or collaborations.  The process of social interactions between individuals undertaken to reach certain outcomes is participative, involves a number of actors and stakeholders who have a vested interest in solving a social problem, and empowers the beneficiaries. It is in itself an outcome as it produces social capital” (BEPA, 2010: 9-10, italics added)

6  Economic goals  Economic-industrial policy  Market values  Wealth creation  Efficient socio-economic arrangements  Technology biased  European model of capitalism  Established regional strategy role  Fragmented communities of regional economic development practice  Social goals  Social policy  Social values  Resource redistribution  Just socio-economic arrangements  Critical of technology bias  Anti/post/operating-in-the- interstices of capitalism  Limited regional strategy role  Fragmented communities of social development practice RISSocial Innovation ‘Disconnects’ between RIS and SI Separate multi- territorial governance silos

7 SmartSpec Emerging Models of Social and Economic Collaboration Triple Helix + users modelFirm-centred LL model

8 SmartSpec Emerging Models of Social and Economic Collaboration Citizen centred QH model Public-sector-centred LL model

9 SmartSpec SI and the Four Cs  The Four Cs 1.Choices: the selection of a few investment priorities based on a process of entrepreneurial discovery to identify promising areas of specialisation 2.Competitive advantage: building on current economic specialisation and mobilising talent by matching RTD+I with business needs and capacities 3.Critical mass: developing world class excellence clusters and providing arenas for related variety and cross-sectoral links which drive specialised technological diversification 4.Collaborative Leadership: collective endeavour involving the academic world, public authorities, business and innovation users  Can SI contribute to Four Cs?  Bring different values to motivate action  Extend domains of entrepreneurial discovery  Help move S3 beyond STI or at least complement STI bias  Enhance process and expand collective endeavour to underpin S3  Can S3 contribute to SI?

10 SmartSpec Focus on Societal Challenges  Societal challenges where ‘social’ and ‘economic’ boundaries blur in order better to meet society wide problems

11 SmartSpec Why choose ‘societal challenge’ (SC) Why focus on societal challenges?  Global policy buy-in to ‘challenge’ approach – OECD, WEF, etc.  €30bn Horizon 2020 for SC  S3 strategies can… be a powerful instrument to tackle (societal) challenges (CEC, 2013)  Challenge perspective should be included in regional strategies  Early research indicates many regions adopting SC approach  Most promising space for empirics EU Grand Challenges  Health, demographic change and wellbeing  Food security, sustainable agriculture, marine and maritime research, and the bio-economy  Secure, clean and efficient energy  Smart, green and integrated transport  Inclusive, innovative and secure societies  Climate action, resource efficiency and raw materials

12 SmartSpec The Ageing Challenge and Opportunity  Ageing society as a challenge and an opportunity  “Ageing isn’t a problem, but a source of innovation and growth” (Nellie Kroes)  Markets innovations  Innovation of new products and services  Innovative approaches to ageing consumers and citizens  Public service innovations  More cost effectively delivering public services  Planning and delivering public services  New sources of public service delivery  New sources of innovation funding  New sources of labour requiring labour market innovations  ‘New’ sources of entrepreneurship: private, social and third sectors  Direct contribution to innovation processes “the wisdom economy”

13 SmartSpec  S3 has a dual territorial logic  At the European level S3 is about overcoming duplication, creating greater collaboration and a more diverse innovation system  At the (national) regional level it is about specialisation for competitive advantage around existing or credibly realisable excellence  European strength through diversity based on local ‘particularism’ Smart Spatial Specialisation (S3)

14 SmartSpec Societal Challenge Innovation at the Europe Level: Health and Care Initiatives (Boekholt, 2013) European Innovation Partnership AHA Horizon 2020 Health, Demographic Change, Wellbeing Horizon 2020 Health, Demographic Change, Wellbeing Ambient Assisted Living Digital Agenda for Europe Health for Growth Innovative Medicine Initiative Early Diagnosis Personalised medicines Bio Markers Interoperationability for e Health Distant patient monitoring Assisted daily living Integrated care systems Prevention chronic diseases EU legislation cross border healthcare Social interaction of elderly people Independent living Self management of daily life Cultural change Organisational change Training Service integration User Empowerment

15 SmartSpec Innovation and the Ageing challenge Built-in technological bias? Policies and initiativesTechnology Innovation and Ageing Societal Challenge Demographic Change Grand ChallengeDigital Agenda for Europe: Ageing Societal Challenge (DG Connect) Horizon 2020: Health, Demographic Change and Wellbeing European Institute for Technology (EIT): Innovation for Healthy Active Ageing Thematic Field and KICs Call European Year of Active AgeingEuropean eHealth Forum: Technology for Health, Ageing and Economic Growth (DG SANCO) EIP on Active Healthy AgeingAmbient Assisted Living JP JIP on Demographic ChangeEJIP on Demographic Change: Technologies for Living Partnerships for Robots in Europe (Health Care and Human Robotic Interaction

16 SmartSpec Regional market response strategy (EURADA, 2011)

17 SmartSpec But S3 requires specialisation Adapted from Lower Saxony Region RIS3

18 SmartSpec S3 and Ageing Challenge: Supporting Alternative Innovation Domains? Medical tech ICTs & Smart Transport Assistive technologies Health Social isolation ILH Medical & Life Sciences ICT Built environment Home region as test market, innovation test-bed, and a collective innovation environment for SC technologies, with extra-regional collaboration and market search SI as ‘handmaiden’ of economic growth? Transport

19 SmartSpec S3 and Ageing Challenge: Supporting Alternative Innovation Domains? Medical tech ICTs & Smart Transport Assistive technologies Health Social isolation ILH Medical & Life Sciences ICT Built environment Also use technology innovation as catalyst for SI in home region, through PPPPs, culture and org change, new training regimes, etc. Or focus on non- technology innovation, e.g., developing new services process consultancy Transport

20 SmartSpec  A number of ‘challenges’:  The Capacity Challenge  The Prioritization Challenge  The Stakeholder Engagement Challenge  The ‘Policy Mix’ Challenge  The Multi-level Governance Challenge  The Cross-border Challenge  The Smart (Evidence-based) Policy Making Challenge  The Policy Capacity Challenge All regions face societal challenges, but is it an opportunity for all?

21 SmartSpec Some examples  Capacity Challenge  Lack of private sector capacity in Societal Challenge theme(s) and of related variety proximity  Lack of critical mass to prioritize potential  Little regional power or responsibility  Prioritization challenge  Lack of integrated (social-economic) networks - missing actors in entrepreneurial search process  The ‘tyranny’ of traditional priorities

22 SmartSpec  The Stakeholder Challenge  Interdisciplinary, inter-sectoral, intra-organisational silos  Engaging civic organisations and users meaningfully and for long-term  Engaging public sector for innovative solutions in an era of austerity  Policy-mix Challenge  Integrating policymakers  Integrating funding streams  Multi-level governance Challenge  Vertical and horizontal alignment  Policy and responsibility split between social and economic Some examples

23 SmartSpec  The Cross-border collaboration challenge  Difficult to design cross-border innovation strategies multiplied in context of national social strategies  Social policy actors tend to be concerned with their ‘own backyard’  The Smart Policy Making Challenge - evidence  Does social or economic have priority  Can you measure both  Social indicators and metrics underdeveloped  Policy Capacity Challenge  Can regions create the competencies mix and formal and informal new structures required?

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