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Presentation on theme: "Heart."— Presentation transcript:

1 Heart

2 Heart A large muscle which pumps blood throughout the body

3 1. Chambers- 4 Upper: right and left atria
Right-receives de-oxygenated blood from body Left- receives oxygenated blood from lungs

4 Lower: Right and Left Ventricle
Right-pumps blood into lungs Left- pumps blood to the body

5 2. Valves- 4 Diastole: Relaxes
1. tricuspid valve-regulates blood flow between Right Atrium (RA) and Right Ventricle (RV) 2. Mitral Valve- lets Oxygen rich blood from your lungs pass from LA to LV


7 Systole: Contraction 1. Pulmonary valve - Controls blood flow from rv into pulmonary arteries go to lungs for O2 2. Aortic valve - Opens the way for rich blood to pass from LV into aorta.

8 3. Double Pump- pumps oxygenated & deoxygenated blood (2)
Right sideO2 to get more O2. Left side – receives O2 rich blood and pumps to whole body.

9 Path of Blood Low oxygenated blood enters RA Tricuspid valve RV
Contraction (tricuspid-closes, pulmonary-opens) Pulmonary artery


11 Branches into R & L lung Gas exchange CO2-O2 Oxygenated blood enters LA Mitral valve LV Contracts (Mitral-closes, aortic opens) aorta Fills capillaries

12 Path of Blood- 13 steps


14 Label the following structures: pg. 327
superior vena cava 10. mitral valve inferior vena cava RA chordea tendineae tricuspid valve 12. LV RV aortic valve pulmonary valve 14. aorta pulmonary arteries 15. papillary mus. pulmonary veins 16. septum LA apex





19 Heart pumping

20 HEART BEAT vital sign calculated in “bpm” males 70 bpm females 75 bpm
newborn years- 100 3 months years- 85 1 year adult

21 A. Heart Rate Abnormalities
Tachycardia: rapid beating of the heart Bradycardia: slow beating of the heart –heart rate under 60 bpm

22 Desired range of heart rate reached during aerobic exercise.
Target Heart Rate: Desired range of heart rate reached during aerobic exercise. Age Target HR Zone 50–85 % Average Maximum Heart Rate 100 % 20 years 100–170 beats per minute 200 beats per minute 25 years 98–166 beats per minute 195 beats per minute 30 years 95–162 beats per minute 190 beats per minute 35 years 93–157 beats per minute 185 beats per minute 40 years 90–153 beats per minute 180 beats per minute 45 years 88–149 beats per minute 175 beats per minute 50 years 85–145 beats per minute 170 beats per minute 55 years 83–140 beats per minute 165 beats per minute 60 years 80–136 beats per minute 160 beats per minute 65 years 78–132 beats per minute 155 beats per minute 70 years 75–128 beats per minute 150 beats per minute

23 Heart Sounds LUB-S1: Block reverse blood flow due to closure of atroventricular valves (mitral, tricuspid) DUPP-S2: sudden block of reversing blood flow due to closure of aortic and pulmonary valves.

24 Heart Sounds heartbeat

25 Heart Mumors Abnormal sounds due to a turbulaet flow of blood Causes:
blood flowing faster increase in blood illnesses (fever, anemia)

26 2. Control of Heartbeat – 2 nodes
SA (sinoatrial) node: “pacemaker”- controls the frequency at which the heart beats, inside RA and flows over both atriums.

27 B. AV (atrioventricular) node: picks up impulse from SA and flows down the septum to carry the impulse over each of the ventricles.

28 EKG (electrocardiogram)
the tracing of the hearts electrical activity. Help diagnose arrhythmias.

29 3 types of waves P wave: records electrical activity of atria QRS wave: records electrical activity of ventricles T wave: records the hearts return to rest


31 Pulse: “heart rate”-rate at which your heart beats.
Pulse is what you feel over an artery as the pressure inside increases following each heart beat.

32 Blood Pressure refers to the force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels Measurement: Can be measured invasively (by penetrating the skin and measuring inside the blood vessels) or non-invasively

33 Systolic Pressure: maximum pressure in an artery-beating and pumping
Diastolic Pressure: is the lowest pressure in an artery-resting

34 Why might a solider standing at attention for a long period of time faint?
If the leg muscles are not used, blood is not pumped back to the heart. As a result, blood pools in the leg veins, and blood pressure falls

35 Main Arteries


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