Presentation on theme: "Autotrophs & Heterotrophs An organism that makes its own food is called an autotroph. An organism that cannot make its own food is called a heterotroph."— Presentation transcript:
Autotrophs & Heterotrophs An organism that makes its own food is called an autotroph. An organism that cannot make its own food is called a heterotroph. Nearly all living things get their energy directly or indirectly from photosynthesis.
CO 2 Photosynthesis The process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and uses it to make food. The raw ingredients that go into the plant cells are water and carbon dioxide The sunlight energy chemically changes the ingredients into food (glucose)
Photosynthesis Water is absorbed by the roots. Carbon dioxide gas is taken from the air Glucose is stored and used by the plant Oxygen is released into the air
photosynthesis The chemical formula for photosynthesis looks like this: 6H 2 O + 6CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 (water)(carbon dioxide)(glucose)(oxygen) (Sunlight) Energy CO 2 O2O2
Photosynthesis Photosynthesis occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells. Chlorophyll is the energy absorbing green pigment found in chloroplasts.
Gas Exchange Gasses (CO2 & O2) go in and out of leaves through little holes called stomata. Sometimes water vapor escapes the stomata through a process called transpiration.
Guard cells control when the stomata open and close. Guard Cells
Since leaves can lose water through stomata, on what part of the leaves do you think stomata can be found? Make a prediction.
Stomata are mostly found on the underside of leaves. This helps the plant lose less water.
Cellular Respiration The process by which cells obtain energy from glucose. Respiration means “breathing” This chemical reaction takes place in the matrix of the mitochondria
Cellular Respiration Glucose chemically reacts with Oxygen to form the energy molecule ATP C 6 H 12 O 6 (glucose) O 2 (oxygen) ATP (energy) H 2 O (water) CO 2 (Carbon dioxide)
cellular respiration The chemical formula for cellular respiration looks like this: 6H 2 O + 6CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 (water) (carbon dioxide) (glucose) (oxygen) (Sunlight) + Energy + 6H 2 O + 6CO 2 C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 Energy (water) (carbon dioxide) (ATP) (glucose) (oxygen) Does this look familiar?
The Cycle of Cellular Energy in Plants The products made by the chloroplasts are used by the mitochondria. The products made by the chloroplasts are used by the chloroplast. Why don’t animal cells have this cycle?
Deep water organisms Fermentation provides energy for cells without using oxygen. Yeast (alcohol is byproduct) Muscle Cells (lactic acid is a byproduct = sore muscles)