Presentation on theme: "How Do Plants Capture Energy From the Sun and Make Food?"— Presentation transcript:
1 How Do Plants Capture Energy From the Sun and Make Food? An Introduction to Photosynthesis
2 What are we learning today? Benchmarks:Objectives:I will state the overall equation of photosynthesis.I will explain how photosynthesis and cellular respiration are part of an interrelated cycle.I will describe the factors that affect photosynthesis.SC.912.L.14.7*SC.912.L.18.7-Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis.SC.912.L.18.9*- Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
3 What are autotrophs and heterotrophs? REVIEWWhat are autotrophs and heterotrophs?Plants, algae, and some bacteria are able to use light energy from the sun to produce food.They are called photosynthetic autotrophs.Animals, fungi, protozoa, and some bacteria obtain their energy from the food they consume.They are called heterotrophs.Chemosynthetic vs photosynthetic
4 What is photosynthesis? Take NotesWhat is photosynthesis?Comes from the Greek words:photo - lightsynthesis - putting togetherTherefore, it means “using light to put something together”During photosynthesis, plants use the energy from sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates and oxygen. The energy is now STORED in the carbohydrate molecule.6CO2 + 6H2O+ light C6H12O6 + 6O2Explain the equationReactants vs productsNeeds vs makesExplain LIMITING FACTORS to preface labTake away light source, no photosyn.
5 How are photosynthesis and cellular respiration related? Take NotesHow are photosynthesis and cellular respiration related?The key process for energy capture (from the sun) and storing it as chemical energy in glucose is photosynthesis.6CO2 + 6H2O + Light → C6H12O6 + 6O2Takes place in photosynthetic autotrophs onlyThe energy in glucose is released during cellular respiration by breaking down glucose and using it to recharge ATP.C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATPTakes place in ALL organisms!Do you notice that photosynthesis and cellular respiration are opposite reactions??!! They form a cycle!Photosynthesis captures and saves energy.Cellular respiration releases and uses the energy.
6 Why are light and pigments needed for photosynthesis? Take NotesWhy are light and pigments needed for photosynthesis?Plants gather the sun’s energy with light absorbing molecules called pigments.ChlorophyllCaroteneWhen chlorophyll absorbs light , much of the energy is transferred directly to electrons in the chlorophyll molecule.These high-energy electrons make photosynthesis work.
7 Gizmo DO NOW (2 minutes)Complete the Gizmo DO NOW in your Gizmo Packet.7
8 Student Exploration: Photosynthesis Lab Guided Gizmo Warm-UpIndependent Activity A and B
9 Exit SlipWhat do we know?1. The overall process of photosynthesis can be represented using a chemical equation. Like all chemical equations, the equation for photosynthesis must obey the law of conservation of mass. Which of the following is the correct and balanced equation for photosynthesis? A. CO2 + H2O C6H12O6 + O2 B. 6CO2 + H2O C6H12O6 + O2 C. CO2 + 6H2O C6H12O6 + 6O2 D. 6CO2 + 6H2O C6H12O6 + 6O29
10 Exit SlipWhat do we know?2. Which of these statements correctly describes the process of photosynthesis?A. Photosynthesis is an exothermic process because it releases energy.B. Photosynthesis is an endothermic process because it releases energy.C. Photosynthesis is an endothermic process because it requires the absorption of energy.D. Photosynthesis is an exothermic process because it requires the absorption of energy.10
11 What do we know?Exit Slip3. Which of these best describes the conversion of sunlight into the energy in glucose? A. Chemical energy is converted to kinetic energy. B. Kinetic energy is converted to potential energy. C. Electromagnetic energy is converted to chemical energy. D. Potential energy is converted to electromagnetic energy.11
12 What do we know? Exit Slip Scientists are measuring the rate at which carbon dioxide (CO2) and water are converted to glucose and oxygen (O2) per hour in various types of houseplants with the same biomass. The houseplants are all exposed to the same amount of sunlight and to the same conditions. The data they collect is given in the table.ALOE VERACOLEUSPOTHOSSPIDER PLANTAMOUNT OF CO2 ABSORBED180 mL168 mL164 mL175 mLAMOUNT OF O2 RELEASED150 mLANSWER IS C.12
13 What do we know? Exit Slip 4. What is the most likely reason that the plants absorb different amounts of CO2? A. The plants are different heights. B. The plants have different masses. C. The plants have different size leaves. D. The plants are different shades of green.ANSWER IS C.ALOE VERACOLEUSPOTHOSSPIDER PLANTAMOUNT OF CO2 ABSORBED180 mL168 mL164 mL175 mLAMOUNT OF O2 RELEASED150 mL13
14 What do we know? Exit Slip 5. In which process do these plants absorb CO2, water, and sunlight to produce glucose and O2? A. mitosis B. photosynthesis C. replication D. respirationANSWER IS B.ALOE VERACOLEUSPOTHOSSPIDER PLANTAMOUNT OF CO2 ABSORBED180 mL168 mL164 mL175 mLAMOUNT OF O2 RELEASED150 mL14