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SCBA and Fire Fighter PPE FFII Training Hillcrest Station.

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Presentation on theme: "SCBA and Fire Fighter PPE FFII Training Hillcrest Station."— Presentation transcript:

1 SCBA and Fire Fighter PPE FFII Training Hillcrest Station

2 Oxygen Deficiency Oxygen deficiency Normal O2 is 21% 17% some muscular impairment and increase respiration 12% dizzy, headache and fatigued 9% Unconsciousness 6% Death

3 Elevated Temperatures degrees reduced B/P, circulatory failure Inhalation of hot gasses pulmonary edema (swelling) death from asphyxiation

4 Smoke Made up of Tar Carbon Dust Some particles are irritating, some are lethal Size of particle determines how deeply it gets into the lungs

5 Toxic Gasses Gas combinations will be different at each fire May cause Disease of lung tissue Impair RBC ability to carry O2 Gasses given off determined by Nature of combustion Rate of heating and temperature O2 concentration at time of combustion

6 Carbon Monoxide Found at every fire Colorless and odorless Result of incomplete combustion More deaths occur from this than any other product of combustion Prevents O2 from attaching to hemoblobin 500ppm dangerous

7 Carbon Monoxide – Care Symptoms Flu-like Need O2 immediately

8 Hydrogen Chloride Colorless gas Pungent Causes swelling of upper respiratory tract Comes from burning PVC Very dangerous during overhaul Latent heat can cause plastics and electrical cables to decompose after fire is out

9 Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN) Interferes with respiration at cellular level and tissue level Colorless, almond scented gas Emitted by Wool, nylon, polyurethane foam, rubber, paper Concentrations above 270 ppm almost immediately fatal

10 Carbon Dioxide Nonflamable, Colorless, Odorless Paralyzes brain’s respiratory center Watch out for CO2 flooding systems

11 Nitrogen Oxides Nitric Oxide NO and Nitrogen Dioxide NO2 Nitrogen Dioxide Reddish brown gas, known as silo gas Released from plastics Cause pulmonary edema React with water to form acids Irritating effect often tolerated while inhaling fatal dose

12 Phosgene COCL2 Colorless, tasteless gas Disagreeable odor Generated when freon comes in contact with flame Generates Hydrochloric Acid when it comes in contact with water

13 Dangerous Building Conditions Fire Spread Combustible furnishing and finishes Heavy Fire Load Large open spaces (hard to vent or stop spread) Weakened support members Water build-up Building Collapse

14 Electrical Emergencies Downed power lines Contact with electric lines Energized equipment

15 Handling power emergencies Notify power company No solid streams Treat all lines as live Avoid working under lines if possible Keep aerial equipment 10 feet away from lines Provide one span danger zone around lines

16 Functions of protective clothing Helmet with face shield Protective hood Protective coat and pants Gloves Boots PASS

17 Limitations of protective clothing Depends on material Direct flame contact Chemicals Comfort

18 Inspection and care of equipment

19 Fireground Accidents Trauma Heat Exhaustion Chemical exposure Cardiovascular

20 Responding and Returning Hearing Falls Slipping Run over by apparatus Thrown from apparatus

21 Training Same as fireground Physical discomfort or illness

22 Nonfire emergencies Trauma Chemical Exposure Electrical contact

23 Personnel Accountability System Allows for accounting of all personnel on fire scene Uses tags or badges Standard procedure for “handing over ID” List of who is doing what What happens when I’m done or when I leave the scene

24 Procedures for save environment Redesign tasks to eliminate lifting Use proper lifting techniques Be aware of unsafe conditions and attempt to fix them Eliminate horseplay Request assistance Strive for good health/fitness Be aware of proper disinfecting techniques

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