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The Circulatory System The “Heart” of the Matter.

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Presentation on theme: "The Circulatory System The “Heart” of the Matter."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Circulatory System The “Heart” of the Matter

2 What You’ll Learn How to compare arteries, veins, and capillaries The pathway of blood through the chambers of the heart The pulmonary and systemic circulation systems

3 The Purpose of the Cardiovascular System In our bodies, the cardiovascular system distributes materials (blood, oxygen, remove cell waste, and other nutrients) throughout our body. m1&aql=&oq=picture+of+a+high&gs_rfai=

4 The Heart

5 The Heart The major organ in the cardiovascular system. (pg. 547) Made of cardiac muscle. It is a closed system. Composed of four cavities: – Left and Right ATRIA (upper chambers) – Left and Right VENTRICLES (lower chamber) AS%2520Physiology/Cardiovascular/Cardiovascular.htm&usg=__LaYV1b- 8fkWdIjhQFRgjVQAZ6FM=&h=510&w=588&sz=18&hl=en&start=2&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=usQAd5D5wFvrEM:&tbnh=117&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dpicture%2Bheart%2Bchambers%26 um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DX%26tbs%3Disch:1

6 “Pump It Up” Pulmonary Circulation Systemic Circulation Coronary Circulation The Circulatory System

7 Pulmonary Circulation (Heart Circulation) Heart Lungs Picks up O2

8 Systemic Circulation (Body Circulation) Aorta Blood enters the Aorta and Aorta carries blood away from the heart Aorta Blood enters the Aorta and Aorta carries blood away from the heart Body O2 rich blood is pumped to all organs and tissues of body (except heart & lungs) Body O2 rich blood is pumped to all organs and tissues of body (except heart & lungs) Veins O2 is exchanged into CO2 & waste and returns to heart through the veins Veins O2 is exchanged into CO2 & waste and returns to heart through the veins

9 Coronary Circulation (Heart Circulation) Heart has own blood vessels that supply it with nutrients and O2 Blockage of blood flow results in a heart attack.

10 Types of Blood Vessels Arteries Move blood away from heart Ventricles connect to Aorta Contraction of heart = blood moved from heart into arteries Arteries Move blood away from heart Ventricles connect to Aorta Contraction of heart = blood moved from heart into arteries Veins Move blood into heart Valves keep blood moving toward the heart Near skeletal muscles, squeezing = contraction =blood from heart into arteries Veins Move blood into heart Valves keep blood moving toward the heart Near skeletal muscles, squeezing = contraction =blood from heart into arteries Capillaries Connect arteries and veins Walls are microscopic “Blood Shot” eyes Waste and CO2 move into capillaries to be carried back to heart Capillaries Connect arteries and veins Walls are microscopic “Blood Shot” eyes Waste and CO2 move into capillaries to be carried back to heart

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12 Blood Pressure When the heart pumps blood through the cardiovascular systems, it exerts a force called blood pressure on the walls of the vessels. arteries and lower in capillaries and veins How it is measured: Systolic/Diastolic Pressure

13 Why It’s Important Plays a vital role as the transport system of the body. Failure of the cardiovascular system: – Atherosclerosis – Hypertension How to keep the heart healthy: – Good diet – Regular checkups – Exercise

14 Atherosclerosis content/uploads/2009/09/Atherosclerosis.jpg

15 Cardiovascular Vocabulary Atria: Two upper chambers of the heart Ventricle: The two lower chambers of the heart Pulmonary Circulation: Flow of blood through the heart, to the lungs, and back to the heart Systemic Circulation: Most extensive part of the circulatory system in which blood moves to and from all body organs and tissues, except the heart and lungs Coronary Circulation: Flow of blood to the tissues of the heart. Artery: Blood vessel with a thick elastic wall made from smooth muscle that moves blood away from the heart

16 Cardiovascular Vocabulary Vein: Blood vessel that moves blood to the heart and has valves to prevent backward movement of the blood Capillary: Microscopic blood vessel that connects arteries and veins; nutrients, oxygen (O2), waste materials, and carbon dioxide (CO2) diffuse through its walls Blood Pressure: force exerted on vessel walls by blood when the heart pumps through the cardiovascular system; normally 120/80 for a young adult Atherosclerosis: Cardiovascular condition resulting from fatty deposits on arterial walls, which can clog blood vessels ad interfere with blood flow Hypertension: Cardiovascular disorder, also caused by high blood pressure, that can cause atherosclerosis

17 Circulation Test Questions 1. Where does the exchange of food, oxygen, and wastes occur? – a. arteriesc. veins – b. capillariesd. lymph vessels 2. What are the lower chambers of the heart called? – a. Atriumc. Ventricles – b. Aortad. Veins 3. Contrast pulmonary and systemic circulation: 1. ________________ a cardiovascular disorder resulting from fatty deposits on the arterial walls, which can clog blood vessels and interfere with blood flow.

18 Answers to Circulation Test Questions 1. B – capillaries 2. C- ventricles 3. Pulmonary circulation transports blood through the heart and to the lungs. Systemic circulation transports blood to all parts of the body. 4. Atherosclerosis

19 The End Power point created by: Ms. Walsh Chapter 20.1 Circulation


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