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The Role of Plastics in the Circular Economy Mr Adrian Whyle Senior Resource Efficiency Manager London – 2nd March 2015 Zero-Plastics to Landfill by 2025.

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Presentation on theme: "The Role of Plastics in the Circular Economy Mr Adrian Whyle Senior Resource Efficiency Manager London – 2nd March 2015 Zero-Plastics to Landfill by 2025."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Role of Plastics in the Circular Economy Mr Adrian Whyle Senior Resource Efficiency Manager London – 2nd March 2015 Zero-Plastics to Landfill by 2025

2 Role of plastics as user of primary resources

3 3 Plastic packaging saves resources Replacing plastics packaging with: Would lead to… Substitution model developed by German market research institute GVM, based on 32 packaging categories, more than 70 different materials, and a database containing 26,000 data sets of packaging materials, sizes, volumes, and masses. = 20 million more heated homes, i.e the annual consumption of Romania’s population! = 21 million more cars on the road, i.e. more than the total CO2 emissions of Denmark! Source: denkstatt If no plastic packaging was used packaging Mass would increase 3.6 x, Energy consumption would increase 2.2x CHG emissions would increase 2.7x

4 Landfilling is still the most common waste treatment option for Plastics 4 Treatment of post-Consumer Plastic Waste in Europe in 2012: Treatment for post-consumer plastics waste in the EU27+Norway and Switzerland RDF Municipal Solid Waste Incineration SRF for energy intensive industrial production, e.g. chemicals, cement etc. Source: Consultic2014

5 5 Plastic waste going to landfill (2012): above 66% >50% to 66% below 10%, i.e. landfill ban Landfilling of plastic waste is still a major option in many countries 33% to 50% 2005 1999+ 2006 2004 2006 2009 2005 2016 1996 1997 Date of landfill ban in force Date of future landfill ban 2016 2014 – Scotland (dry recyclables)

6 Treatment of Post-consumer plastics waste 2012 by EU 27 + 2 (in kt) 6 : 2012 Level 2017 Target Countries with landfill ban

7 Zero Plastics to Landfill by 2025 is challenging but key to Saving Valuable Resources = 60 million tonnes of plastics prevented from landfill, equivalent to >750 million barrels of oil or 37.5 billion* € MTonnes * 50 Euro/barrel

8 Recycling of plastic packaging waste in the main markets 8 Size of the bubbles = total packaging waste generation Recycling rate (in %) Energy Recovery rate (in %) 2006 PL GB ES IT FR DE <10% landfilling 10-50% landfilling >50% landfilling

9 Recycling of plastic packaging waste in the main markets 9 Size of the bubbles = total packaging waste generation Recycling rate (in %) Energy Recovery rate (in %) 2007 <10% landfilling 10-50% landfilling >50% landfilling

10 Recycling of plastic packaging waste in the main markets 10 Size of the bubbles = total packaging waste generation Recycling rate (in %) Energy Recovery rate (in %) 2008 <10% landfilling 10-50% landfilling >50% landfilling

11 Recycling of plastic packaging waste in the main markets 11 Size of the bubbles = total packaging waste generation Recycling rate (in %) Energy Recovery rate (in %) 2009 <10% landfilling 10-50% landfilling >50% landfilling

12 Recycling of plastic packaging waste in the main markets 12 Size of the bubbles = total packaging waste generation Recycling rate (in %) Energy Recovery rate (in %) 2010 <10% landfilling 10-50% landfilling >50% landfilling

13 Recycling of plastic packaging waste in the main markets 13 Size of the bubbles = total packaging waste generation Recycling rate (in %) Energy Recovery rate (in %) 2011 <10% landfilling 10-50% landfilling >50% landfilling

14 Recycling of plastic packaging waste in the main markets 14 Size of the bubbles = total packaging waste generation Recycling rate (in %) Energy Recovery rate (in %) 2012 <10% landfilling 10-50% landfilling >50% landfilling

15 Collection is key UK Household Plastics Collection Survey 2013 15 http://www.recoup.org/p/229/2014-uk-household-plastics-collection-survey Top performing local authorities tend to use comingled collection; collection in a dry recyclables bin of a combination of some or all recyclable plastic, glass, metal, paper and card……. WYG Collections Report 2013WYG Collections Report 2013 56% Recycling 24% Recycling 4% Recycling >70% Recycling 41% Recycling 7% Recycling To Achieve 2017 targets an extra 350k tonnes of plastic packaging needs to be collected for recycling

16 16 INNOVATION …… the key catalyst for future increased resource recovery 1.Recycling and Eco-Design 2.Feedstock recycling

17 Daplen™ Polypropylene with Recycled Content A new portfolio of polypropylene compound grades composed of post-consumer recycled (PCR) and virgin content for the Automotive Industry have been launched 17 Enhanced product sustainability; improved CO 2 footprint Product performance / cost similar to virgin polymer. For interior, exterior and under-the-bonnet (UTB) automotive applications. 3 new Daplen™ grades with 25-50% PCR content,

18 Innovation - Recycling and Eco-Design 18 Pulse Plastics Steel Coil Edge protection 100% recycled polyolelfins Nampak Milk Packaging Up to35% rHDPE Hille Plastic Seating 100% rPP GSK Fruit Juice 100% PET RPC Group Paint Pots 25% rPP Protomax www.protomax.co.ukwww.protomax.co.uk Office Furniture 100% Mixed Plastic Waste

19 19 Plastic packaging; Contribution to Resource Efficiency Nampak’s ® Infini Milk Bottle Increasing HDPE Recycled Content in milk bottles. 2010 - 10% 2015 - 30%* 2020 - 50% 16% CF reduction per tonne of product since ‘09 5% energy reduction achieved in 2013 *2014 - 4 pint bottle 20% lighter 30% recycled content Courtesy of Nampak Over 75% of milk bottles are recycled

20 Plastic packaging; Contribution to Resource Efficiency and food Safety The Co-op food retailer has launched its roast-in-the-bag chickens across its the “whole bird” range, providing extra reassurance to consumers that they can safely prepare roast chicken in their own home. Enhanced food safety by eliminating the need for consumers to handle raw meat Prevents the spread of Campylobacter from washing chicken. Simplifies preparation and cooking convenience. Bag seals in chicken juices and improves succulence. 20 http://www.co-operative.coop/corporate/press/press-releases/Food/co-op-announces-food-hygiene-and-cooking-convenience-initiative/ Food Standards Agency (FSA) reports of 3,000 fresh chickens 73% tested positive for the presence of campylobacter. Source: The Grocer 26/2/15

21 Innovation: The road to the plastics circular economy t New Detection Systems - Better Plastics Separation - Radical Innovations - Step-Change Innovations - Incremental Innovations New to Market Time Depolymerisation - Production of Virgin Polymer Enhanced Digital Imaging € $ $ €$ £ £ Increased use of recyclate Improved Sorting £ € € $ £ € $ £ € $ £ Eco-design

22 Project REFLEX: Increased recycling of flexible packaging 22 Funded by the UK’s innovation agency, Innovate UK the REFLEX project brings stakeholders throughout the supply chain from polymer producers, converters, recyclers and waste management companies together to address the challenge of creating a circular economy for flexible packaging, e.g. detergent pouches, confectionery and biscuit wrappers Partners Include: Axion Ltd, Amcor Ltd, Dow Chemical Company Ltd, Interflex Group, Nestlé UK Ltd, SITA Holdings UK Ltd, TOMRA Sorting Ltd and Unilever UK http://www.axionconsulting.co.uk/pioneering-project-aims-recycle-flexible-packaging

23 Innovation – Feedstock Recycling OIL DEPOLYMERISATION Plastics to Oil

24 CO 2 as a raw material from Flue Gas for Polyurethane Foam CO 2 Production of polyol (Precursor for polyurethane foam) 15M Euro German production plant planned in 2016 with a capacity of 5,000 tons / year polyol production capturing CO 2 from an RWE chimney RIGID FOAMS FLEXIBLE FOAMS Making products out of hot air (CO 2 ): The abundant alternative carbon source

25 Whilst the detail is unclear European recovery rates will increase; The increasing focus on the circular economy provides opportunity to stimulate research in materials recycling Recovery of more embedded resources. i.e. materials & energy are key in the drive towards a Resource Efficient Europe Advanced thermal recovery has a role to play for non recyclable materials Materials destined for energy recovery will in the future be increasingly recycled and this will include “carbon’ recycling

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