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1 Sustainable Development Teaching and Research David Gauthier Professor of Geography and Executive Director, Canadian Plains Research Center Tel.: 585-4758.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Sustainable Development Teaching and Research David Gauthier Professor of Geography and Executive Director, Canadian Plains Research Center Tel.: 585-4758."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Sustainable Development Teaching and Research David Gauthier Professor of Geography and Executive Director, Canadian Plains Research Center Tel.: Fax:

2 2 Canadian University Undergraduate Program(s)Graduate Program(s) University of British Columbia -Community and the Environment -Conservation Biology -Ecology and Environmental Biology -Environmental Design -Environmental Engineering -Environmental Science -Forest Resource Management -Natural Resources Conservation -Resource Economics Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability (IRES) offers a transdisciplinary Resource Management and Environmental Studies graduate program related to resource, environment and sustainability issues. -Bioresource Engineering -Community and Regional Planning -Resource Management and Environmental Studies Simon Fraser University -Resource and Environmental Management -Community Economic Development -Environmental Education -Environmental Science -Resource and Environmental Management -Earth Sciences -Environmental Biology University of Alberta -Renewable Resources -Civil and Environmental Engineering -Earth and Atmospheric Sciences -Civil and Environmental Engineering -Earth and Atmospheric Sciences -Renewable Resources

3 3 University of Calgary -Applied and Environmental Geology -Environmental Science -Energy and the Environment -Environmental Design -Resources and the Environment University of Saskatchewan -Ecological Education (certificate) -Environmental Engineering -Agricultural and Bioresource Engineering -Biotechnology -Environmental Science -Land Use and Environmental Studies -Regional and Urban Development -Urban Planning -Environmental Engineering -Agricultural and Bioresource Engineering -Biotechnology University of Manitoba -Biosystems Engineering -Environmental Resources -Landscape Architecture -City Planning -Environmental Studies/Science -Community Health Science -Biosystems Engineering -Landscape Architecture -Community Health Science -City Planning -Natural Resource Management University of Toronto -Planning -Landscape Architecture -Environmental Engineering -Environmental Studies -Urban and Community Studies -Biotechnology -Community Health -Environmental Studies -Environmental Chemistry -Landscape Architecture -Biotechnology -Environmental Geography and Resource Management -Environmental Planning -Environmental Science and Environmental Engineering -Forest Conservation -Sustainable Energy -Urban and Community Studies

4 4 University of Guelph -Agroecosystem Management -Earth and Atmospheric Sciences -Environmental Science -Environmental Biology -Environmental Economic Policy -Environmental Protection -Environmental Toxicology -Landscape Architecture -Natural Resources Management -Water Resources Engineering -Environmental Biology -Land Resources Science -Landscape Architecture -Resource and Environmental Economics -Rural Planning and Development University of Waterloo -Environmental Engineering -Planning -Environment and Resource Studies -Environment and Business -Social Development Studies -Environment and Resource Studies -Planning Trent University -Environmental Chemistry -Environmental and Resource Studies -Environmental Studies/ Sciences

5 5 McGill University -Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering -Agricultural Sciences -Biotechnology -Ecological Agriculture -Environmental Biology -Environmental Engineering -Environmental Forestry -Natural Resources Economics -Natural Resources Sciences -Renewable Resources -Resource Conservation -Atmospheric Environments and Air Quality -Biodiversity and Conservation -Earth Sciences and Economics -Ecological Determinants of Health -Environometrics -Food Production and the Environment -Renewable Resource Management -Water Environments and Ecosystems -Urban Planning -Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering -Natural Resources Sciences -Renewable Resources -Environmental Engineering Concordia University -Community and Public Affairs -Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering -Environmental Engineering University of Dalhousie -Community Design -Environmental Studies -Environmental Engineering -Planning -Community Health and Epidemiology -Environmental Engineering -Natural Resource Studies

6 6  agriculture  anthropology  biology  chemistry  computer science  cultural ecology  earth sciences  ecosystem theory  economics (micro and macro)  education  engineering  environmental planning and management  ethics  field sampling techniques (social and physical sciences)  fisheries  forestry  geography  geology  history  law  mathematics (calculus)  philosophy (ethics, logic; philosophies of science)  physics  policy development and analysis  politics  recreation  resource management  sociology  statistics (descriptive, probability)  systems modelling  urban studies

7 7 Examples of University-Affiliated Sustainability Research Initiatives Sustainability Communities Initiative (SCI): University of Victoria Sustainable Development Research Initiative, UBC TCPL International Institute for Resources Industries and Sustainability Studies, University of Calgary Sustainability Reporting Program (SRP): York University York Centre for Applied Sustainability (YCAS): York University Environment and Sustainable Development Research Centre (ESDRC), University of New Brunswick

8 8 Sustainable Development Dimension Undergraduate CoursesGraduate Courses Social dimension Anthropology 240: Popular Culture Environmental Health and Science Engineering 320: Community Health and Epidemiology History 306: Canadian Social History Human Justice 312: Foundations of Human Rights Human Justice 357: Ecology and Justice Humanities 201: Landmarks of Western Thought Philosophy 275: Environmental Ethics Political Science 437: Selected Topics in Politics and the Environment Religious Studies 273: Issues in Religion and Science Sociology 230: Nature and Society Sociology 430: Sociology of the Environment History 813: Prairie Urban History Indian Studies 801: Critical Issues in Indian Studies Sociology 807: Seminar on Regional Development and Underdevelopment Sociology 808: Seminar on Class and Political Economy Social Work 835: Current Aboriginal Issues in Social Work Practice Economic dimension Anthropology 301: Economic Anthropology Economics 211: Introduction to Economic Development Economics 372 & 472: Resource and Environmental Economics I and II Geography 322: Economic Geography Indian Studies 360: Indian Economic Geography Economics 801: Microeconomics for Policy Analysis Economics 802: Macroeconomics for Policy Analysis Economics 854: Regional Economic Policy Geography 822: Regional Economic Development University of Regina Examples of Courses Related to Sustainable Development

9 9 Environment dimension Biology 275: Ecology Biology 375: Systems Ecology Biology 475: Population and Community Ecology Environmental Health and Science 440: Environmental Toxicology Environmental Systems Engineering 321: Applied Environmental Science Environmental Systems Engineering 421: Environmental Design and Impact Geography 325: Biogeography Geology 102: Environmental Geology Geology 474: Environmental Hydrogeology Science Education (ESCI) 302: Environmental Education Biology 835AA-ZZ: Selected Topics in Ecology Environmental Systems Engineering 801: Environmental Systems Engineering Environmental Systems Engineering 803: Water Resources Management Environmental Systems Engineering 832: Biological Processes for Wastewater Treatment Geography 827: Water Resources Industrial Systems Engineering 836: Energy Resources Cross- cutting Biology 276: Environmental Biology Community Development 40: Foundations of Community Development Economics 354: Urban and Regional Economics Economics 372: Resource and Environmental Economics Education Health 258: Personal and Community Health Environmental Health and Science Engineering 305: Environmental Economics and Community Development First Nations Outdoor Education: EIOE 215 Geography 200: Environmental Issues Geography 326: Resource Management Indian Studies 236: Indian Economic, Environmental, and Geographic Systems Kinesiology & Health Studies 442: Outdoor Recreation Resource Management Social Work 475: Social Work and Social Change Woman Studies 201: Women, the Environment and Change Canadian Plains Studies 801: Canadian Plains Seminar Geography 824: Urban Geography and Urban Planning Geography 826: Resource Management Kinesiology and Health Studies 872: Population Health

10 10 Institutional and organizational behaviour as a component of sustainable development – undergraduate courses from the Faculty of Administration, e.g. Admin 306: Ethical Issues in Business, Admin 307: Legal Institutions and Processes, Admin 344: The Planning and Evaluation of Public Policy, Admin 441: Public Policies for Northern Development. Examples of graduate courses: Administration 830: Social Issues in Business, Administration 835: International Business. University of Calgary's Haskayne School of Business offers various programs in Environmental Management and Sustainable Development. MBA with a specialization in Global Energy Management and Sustainable Development (GEMS). MBA with a specialization in Environmental Management/Sustainable Development. PhD in Management with a focus on Environmental Management/Sustainable Development. Interdisciplinary MSc in Energy and the Environment for Latin America & the Caribbean (U of C/OLADE), in Quito, Ecuador and Couva, Trinidad and Tobago. Interdisciplinary MA/MSc (thesis-based) in Resources and Environment Graduate Program.

11 11 The way that people perceive and express their environment as a component of sustainable development – Fine Arts, e.g. Arth 324: Canadian Art and Cultural Identity, Arth 372: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Painting. Resource and Environmental Studies Degree Program - The First Nations University of Canada, the University of Regina and SIAST

12 12 Culture and Heritage Energy and the Environment Informatics Health Social Justice University of Regina Research Emphases Public policy and economic history – Dr. Gregory Marchildon (Administration) Social Justice - Dr. Shadia Drury (Political Science) Energy and Environment - Dr. Guo (Gordon) Huang (Engineering) Environmental Change and Society - Dr. Peter Leavitt (Biology) University of Regina Research Chairs

13 13 Research Centres and Institutes Canadian Institute for Peace, Justice and Security Canadian Plains Research Center Centre for International Education & Training Centre for Sustainable Communities Centre on Aging and Health Dr. Paul Schwann Applied Health and Research Centre Humanities Research Institute Indigenous Peoples Health Research Centre (IPHRC) Sample Survey and Data Bank Unit Saskatchewan Instructional Development and Research Unit Saskatchewan Institute of Public Policy Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit Social Policy Research Unit

14 14 The International Test Centre on CO2 Capture in partnership with the International Energy Agency, SaskPower, TransAlta, EnCana Energy Ltd, Nexen Energy, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the Governments of Canada, Alberta and Saskatchewan; The Greenhouse Gas Technology Centre in partnership with Saskatchewan Industry and Resources and Natural Resources Canada; The Petroleum Technology Research Centre in partnership with the Saskatchewan Research Council, Natural Resources Canada and a number of industry partners including Nexen Energy, Petrovera, Husky Oil, TransGas Ltd, and Dakota Gasification Company; The Prairie Adaptation Research Collaborative in partnership with the Governments of Canada, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, the Saskatchewan Research Council, and the Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration; Saskatchewan Population Health and Evaluation Research Unit with the Saskatchewan Regional Health Authorities, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan Health Services Utilization and Research Commission and Government of Saskatchewan; Indigenous Peoples Health Research Centre is supported by the Aboriginal Capacity and Development Research Environments (ACADRE); Centre for Sustainable Communities in partnership with the City of Regina, the National Research Council, and the Regina Regional Economic Development Authority

15 15 Administration – Aboriginal Communities and Sustainable Rural Development Arts – Institutional Adaptations to Climate Change Arts - TERRA (The Environmental Research and Response Applications Lab) Engineering – Energy and Environmental Research Laboratory Education – Enhancing Awareness and Understanding of Climate Change in Saskatchewan Engineering – Regional Scale Climate Change Kinesiology and Health – Health Impacts of Organizational Practices in Saskatchewan Luther College – Sustainable Forest Management ORS-PARC – Understanding the Impacts of Climate Change Science – Atmospheric Transport Studies of Insecticides and Herbicides Science – Green Chemistry Conference Science – Laboratory of Environmental Change and Society Science – Transportation and Accumulation of Potential Toxic Metals A cross-cultural study of health care decision-making: culture, ethics, and religion Population health determinants Social cohesion and rural sustainability Weyburn CO2 monitoring project Hydrogen fuel research Sustainable Agriculture in Western Canada: Planning for Droughts Using the Past Examples of University of Regina Research Related to Sustainable Development

16 16 University Presidents’ Workshop: Learning and Sustainability The universities have the necessary capacity to develop the intellectual framework to support practical applications of sustainable development concepts. Academic leaders have the capability to convene academic disciplines on large, complex issues, mobilize resources, create incentives and programs for faculty development and, most importantly, to lead by example, thereby moving their institutions toward interdisciplinary teaching and research. Universities can show leadership through innovation in curriculum design and pedagogy and faculty development. Universities can expand their scope through outreach and partnerships for sustainable development. By minimizing their own impact on the environment, universities can lead by example through ecologically sound institutional policies and practices. Universities can generate funds to further interdisciplinary research and teaching efforts. Universities can show leadership in stimulating debate that involves the environment and the economy, not one to the exclusion of the other.

17 17 Organizational structure refers both to disciplines as they are organized and to the allocation of space. The discipline-centred structure of universities is a challenge for moving towards sustainable development. Visible top-down leadership encouraging a supportive climate for identifying, advancing and implementing solutions and mirrored by grass-roots support. Senior leadership in university must be visible, including acting as champions within individual faculties. Deans can create and maintain a supportive climate and encourage faculty buy-in in terms of grass-roots spontaneous actions. Organize graduate departments along research and teaching theme lines as distinct from traditional organizational structures. Renovate existing spaces in older buildings and make use of downtown areas rather than building new structures as a more sustainable means of increasing space, e.g. Harbour City Centre Campus of Simon Fraser University. Organizational Structure

18 18 Universities should seek large increases in the funding of interdisciplinary environmental research and teaching from non-traditional sources. Research funds are often earmarked for traditional disciplines, which results in the continuing compartmentalization of problems and solutions. Establish a proactive office of research to identify opportunities for cross-disciplinary research and funding from alternative sources such as foundations or the private sector. Create private sector spin-offs of sustainable technologies that will increase employment, provide research jobs for students, and generate income. Increased collaboration among universities on sustainable development research activities. Establish cooperative programs on sustainable development themes and private sector apprenticeships. These initiatives would allow students to get concrete work experiences related to sustainability as part of their education. Student exchanges among institutions in Canada to further expand students' learning experiences and to give them an understanding of sustainable development. Institute a surcharge on tuition to generate funds for specific teaching and research projects that focus on sustainable development, e.g. UBC. Resource Issues

19 19 Policy support from the administration to recognize the value of outreach, partnerships and collaborative work when evaluating tenure and promotion. Cross-appointments for faculty members. Granting Councils can be encouraged to value interdisciplinary teaching and research. Funding agencies can demonstrate leadership by encouraging more applied research that addresses real world problems in the community where the university is located, that is, building on local needs and expertise. Universities can foster support for interdisciplinarity and sustainable development by requiring interdisciplinary team projects and research from students and faculty. Universities can examine their internal reward system and remove disincentives. Staff reward committees with individuals experienced in interdisciplinary work and outside experts. Recognition for Interdisciplinary Teaching and Research


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