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1CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth 31 March 2011 Sustainability: why and how? CIC Economic Forum Andrew Kluth Sustainable Engineering and Infrastructure.

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Presentation on theme: "1CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth 31 March 2011 Sustainability: why and how? CIC Economic Forum Andrew Kluth Sustainable Engineering and Infrastructure."— Presentation transcript:

1 1CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth 31 March 2011 Sustainability: why and how? CIC Economic Forum Andrew Kluth Sustainable Engineering and Infrastructure in a Low Carbon World

2 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Blue Marble, AS Apollo 17, 7 December 1972

3 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Images created by Adam Nieman Total world water 1,400 km Ø sphere = 1.4 billion cubic km Total air 2,000 km Ø sphere = 5,000,000 billion tons

4 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth The Laysan Albatross 4 Source:

5 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth 17/04/2015 © 2009 Chris Jordan, Used with permissionwww.chrisjordan.com 5

6 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth What did we see? Cigarette lighter Bottle tops Comb and brush String Plastic sheet Shopping tag Plastic pipe Soap dispenser pump top 6

7 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Midway Atoll Source: NASA NLT Landsat7 Satellite Image of Midway Atoll, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey Eastern Island 7

8 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Where the atoll is Source: Under GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 Midway Atoll 8 St Matthew Island

9 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth St Matthew Island 1944: 29 deer introduced to feed soldiers, perfect landscape 1957: No soldiers; 1,350 deer, all healthy, some damage to landscape 1963: 6,000 deer, not so healthy, badly damaged landscape 1966: 42 deer, all sick, destroyed landscape 1980s: no deer alive, landscape beginning to recover 9

10 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth St Matthew Island deer 10

11 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Water over-use <1,350km 2 ~25,000km 2 11

12 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Under-reporting impacts Estimated global CO 2 emissions: 30.2 billion tonnes in 2006 (not including changes in land use) 1 But uncertainty of 6–10% 1 Even more uncertainty with other gases, ranging from 100% 2 1 US Energy Department's Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis 2 US National Research Council Source: published online 5 May 2010http://www.nature.com/news/2010/100505/full/465018a.html

13 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Climate change impacts 17/04/ Source: Stern, N. (2006). "Stern Review on The Economics of Climate Change”, archived at

14 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Sea level rise Source: designed by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendalhttp://maps.grida.no/go/graphic/global-sea-level-rise1

15 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth World population 17/04/ Source:

16 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Food production changes, /04/ Source:

17 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Land leasing for food production 17/04/ Source:

18 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Prioritising important Drivers for change will be increasingly enforced and not adopted Climate change Resource availability and limitations Population growth Global carrying capacity: food, water, health Flexibility for ‘pure’ engineering solutions will be limited Increasing uncertainty of outcomes Increasing need for political contexts Room for manoeuvre will be constrained Integrated design Long term planning Life cycle decisions Multi-purpose widgets

19 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth What matters… Considering society’s numerous sustainable development challenges, please rate the urgency of each of the following… Source: SustainAbility/ Globescan Sustainability Survey 2010, published June Used with permission

20 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth ChallengeResponse Water and climate change top the list of challengesTake a systems approach to sustainability Water and energy-related issues will predominate in 2015 Understand the impacts of water and energy on your company Climate change is real, and competitive Debate “how” not “if”, and treat climate as a competitive issue Social entrepreneurs and NGOs have credibility that others lack Pursue partnerships Despite urgency, sustainability performance is poor across sectors Develop robust strategies The leadership bar continues to be raisedTo differentiate, work across the entire value chain Sustainability in branding is on the rise, and hard to get right Recognize that performance matters most Transformational leadership is uncommon, but examples exist Define what transformation means to your company …and possible responses Source: SustainAbility/ Globescan Sustainability Survey 2010, published June Used with permission

21 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth 2000 E21C Inquiry – progress?

22 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Stakeholders as enablers and barriers Source: Defining Next Generation Sustainability, workshop report #1, consultancy (2010), Lancaster University/ Halcrow joint publication Pro-active Engineer Rule-breakers, contesting solutions, alternative views, thinking beyond normal ideas Client as Gatekeeper Definer of project cultural expectations, championing innovation in change, defining broad-based performance indicators for sustainability, setting high long-term expectations Enabling Project Manager Encouraging cross-disciplinary working for sustainability and skilling- up existing staff

23 23CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth 31 March 2011 Applied performance management Some examples, some ideas, a growing practice

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27 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Carbon Savings from AWS Energy Efficiency Initiative: Electrical Savings only Financial YearTonne CO2 Confirmed06/072,849 Confirmed07/087,066 Confirmed08/094,010 So far09/101,523 Further Estimated Savings 09/101,839 Anglian Water Services Energy Efficiency Initiative Target Savings for AWS Energy Efficiency Initiative 06/0707/0808/09 Saved £m Cumulative total £m % of £10 m41%76%95% Equipment replacement management Performance report design & presentation Procurement advice Water management systems technical expertise Internal communications development Engineering & process risk analysis & management Accounting systems analysis Audit scheme development Telemetry & energy management systems Data analysis HH meter validation Source: AWS Energy Programme,

28 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Building costs and carbon – true performance Source: SWRDA Sustainable Offices study, July 2009

29 31 March CIC Economic Forum - Andrew Kluth Scenario: Objective - 50% reduction in CO2 emissions from 1990 Behavioural focus; more active lifestyles Interventions quantified in terms of impact Transport Carbon Modelling & Simulation


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