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2 nd NSW Coal and Energy Conference 16 th September 2010 Energy Brad Mullard Executive Director Mineral Resources.

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Presentation on theme: "2 nd NSW Coal and Energy Conference 16 th September 2010 Energy Brad Mullard Executive Director Mineral Resources."— Presentation transcript:

1 2 nd NSW Coal and Energy Conference 16 th September 2010 Energy Brad Mullard Executive Director Mineral Resources

2 1.ENERGY 2.WATER 3.FOOD 4.ENVIRONMENT 5.POVERTY 6.TERRORISM AND WAR 7.DISEASE 8.EDUCATION 9.DEMOCRACY 10.POPULATION

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5 GLOBAL PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION (Million Tonnes Oil Equivalent)

6 Australian Energy Production (PJ)

7 AUSTRALIAN ENERGY EXPORTS ( $ Billions)

8 Freeman Dyson

9 Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009

10 Per Capita CO2 Emissions Source: IEA

11 Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum

12 Australia’s primary energy consumption, 2007–08 and 2029–30 Source: ABARE

13 COAL

14 COAL  Coal is the world's most abundant and widely distributed fossil fuel.  85% of coal Reserves are concentrated in six countries  23% of primary global energy needs are met by coal  Around 138 million tonnes of saleable coal was produced in NSW during  NSW Coal Production was valued at over 19 billion dollars in  NSW depends on coal for 90% of it’s electricity

15 GLOBAL COAL PRODUCTION Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2009

16 NSW Power Stations emit almost 60 million Tonnes of CO2 per Year

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19 GAS

20 Eastern Australian gas markets (PJ) Source: ABARE 2010

21 Coal Seam Gas Reserves (2P) Source: Coal Seam Gas Reserves (2P) Source: Queensland Department of Mines and Energy 2009

22 Coal Seam Methane 2P Reserves

23 Methane CO 2 Methane and Carbon Dioxide absorbed onto coal seam

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27 Geothermal Gradient

28 Geothermal Energy

29 The use of geothermal energy for electricity generation and direct use applications is new technology to Australia Requires successful technical and commercial demonstration However in the nine years since the first Geothermal Exploration Licence (GEL) was granted in Australia, interest and activity in the geothermal sector has increased dramatically

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31 Geothermal Electricity Generation

32 Geothermal Anomalies

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34 4,000-6,000 m ( o C) 2,000-4,000 m ( o C) m ( o C)

35 Coal Seams as Geothermal Blankets

36 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY

37 Direct Use Geothermal  Lower heating costs by reducing electricity, oil or gas consumption;  Reduced emissions of CO2 and oxides of nitrogen and sulphur  Minimal ongoing costs after installation.  Heat pumps can be used almost anywhere in the world to provide heating and cooling for buildings

38 Geothermal Heat Pumps globally are the fastest-growing means of exploiting geothermal energy

39 CLEAN COAL FUND  Fugitive Emissions (Open Cuts, VAM-RAB)  Direct Carbon Fuel Cell  Combined Brayton Rankin Cycle Engine  Chemical Looping Air Separation  Aqueous Ammonia PCC  Mineral Carbonation  Novel Capture material (Carbon fibre)  Ultra Clean Coal feed for Diesel Engine  Public Acceptance of CCS

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41 Mineral Carbonation  More than enough minerals  High cost could be offset by sale of mineral products  Could use waste materials high in Mg, Fe and Ca - eg bottom ash and fly ash, Asbestos, etc)

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43 CCS delivers one-fifth of the lowest-cost GHG reduction solution in 2050

44 THANK YOU


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