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Body Works – Human Body Systems Unit Notes schmied 2014.

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1 Body Works – Human Body Systems Unit Notes schmied 2014

2  1. Systems  a. I can show and explain how key human body systems (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work together.  b. I am able to show, describe and explain how the subsystems in each key body system (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work to allow the key system to function properly.  2. Human Lifestyle  I can explain how lifestyle choices & our environment affect parts of the human body. (focus Obesity, Fast Food & Diabetes and Asthma)  3. Experiment  I can plan, conduct and properly write up a controlled experiment. BODY WORKS - UNIT GOALS schmied 2014

3 SYSTEMS AND SUBSYSTEMS  GOAL 1 Know the functions of the 3 Key “Gateway” Body Systems  1a. Explain the services each system provides to the others  Tell the services each system gets from the others  1b. Know the subsystems within each key system  Tell the order of each subsystem in that system subsystem in that system  Know the function of each subsystem in that system schmied 2014

4 MULTI LEVEL THINKING RESPONSES MULTI LEVEL THINKING RESPONSES  Multi level responses are responses that take an explanation to its furthest logical point.  Example:  How will exercising regularly affect your heart rate? 1. Initially your heart rate increases during exercise 2. Over time exercise makes your heart both bigger & stronger, pumping more blood with each beat (The exercise also stimulates production of new blood vessels.) 3. As a result, the heart will be more efficient and the heart rate will decrease both during exercise and after exercise schmied different levels of response

5 BODY SYSTEMS & FUNCTIONS schmied 2014

6 10 BODY SYSTEMS WITH SOME FUNCTIONS (NO INTEGUMENTARY) schmied 2014

7  Respiratory System What this system does:  Provides O2 for digestive system cells  Gives off CO2 that is transferred by the circulatory system from all body cells  Circulatory System What this system does:  Transports O2 to & CO2 from cells (Respiration)  Delivers nutrients to cells (Nutrition)  Takes wastes & toxins from cells for disposal  Key part of immune system  Digestive system What this system does:  Breaks down food  Releases nutrients (sugars, fats, protein, vitamins &water) to body so all cells get energy & other nutrients to function properly to body so all cells get energy & other nutrients to function properly  Removes some wastes & toxins schmied2014

8 SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS DIGESTIVE & RESPIRATORY  Digestive system Provides these services for the Respiratory system  Breaks down food  Converts food into nutrients (sugars, fats, protein, vitamins and water)  Releases nutrients for Respiratory system (via circulatory system) so all cells get energy and other nutrients to function properly  Removes some wastes & toxins  Respiratory System Provides these services for the Digestive system  Provides O2 for digestive system cells  Exhausts CO2 from cells of digestive system (transferred via circulatory system) 1a. I can show and explain how key human body systems (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work together. schmied2014

9 SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS DIGESTIVE & CIRCULATORY  Digestive System Provides these things for the Circulatory System  Breaks down food  Converts food into nutrients (sugars, fats, protein, vitamins & water)  Provides nutrients to Circulatory system so all cells get energy & other nutrients to function properly  Removes some wastes & toxins  Circulatory System Goods and Services for Digestive system  Transport O2 to & CO2 from cells (Respiration)  Delivers nutrients to cells (Nutrition)  Takes wastes & toxins from cells for disposal  Key part of immune system 1a. I can show and explain how key human body systems (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work together. schmied2014

10 SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS CIRCULATORY & RESPIRATORY  Circulatory system Goods and Services for Respiratory system  Transport O2 to & CO2 from cells (Respiration)  Delivers nutrients to cells (Nutrition)  Takes wastes & toxins from cells for disposal  Key part of immune system  Respiratory System Goods and Services for Circulatory system  Provides O2 for circulatory system cells  Exhausts CO2 from cells of the circulatory system 1a. I can show and explain how key human body systems (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) work together schmied2014

11 Goal 1a - I can show and explain how key human body systems work (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) together. CO 2 + Wastes + Toxins Nutrients O 2 + Nutrients Wastes + Toxins O2O2 O 2 + N utrients CO 2 Central System Circulatory Respiratory Digestive Open System Be able to create, show & explain the interconnections for these 3 systems schmied 2014

12 Test Your Knowledge! Identify the function For each of these structures. Then hit return to see the answer.. Goal 1b - I am able to show, describe & explain how the subsystems of the Digestive system work to allow this system to function properly schmied 2014

13 Test Your Knowledge! Identify the function For each of these structures. Then hit return to see the answer. Tear, rip and grind food = Mechanical breakdown Chemicals in saliva begin the Chemical breakdown of food Muscles contract to help food reach stomach Muscles in stomach help mix food = mechanical breakdown Hydrochloric Acid continue chemical breakdown = MUCUS! = MUCUS! Completes process of chemical breakdown Absorbs nutrients – go to circulatory system! surface _area surface _area Produces chemical to reduce acid level Produces chemicals to help breakdown proteins & fats Breaks down alcohol and some medicines Processes nutrients into forms that are easier for the rest of your body to use. body to use. Produces Bile = Chem Breakdown Carbohydrates converts into sugars Carbohydrates converts into sugars villi of the small intestine villi of the small intestine Circulatory systems in the blood Circulatory systems in the blood all parts of body - cells all parts of body - cells blood blood Excretes liquid wastes and dissolved toxins Absorbs… water and some vitamins Time to go through? hours Time to go through? hours Stores solid waste Solid waste pushed out here! Goal 1b - I am able to show, describe & explain how the subsystems of the Digestive system work to allow this system to function properly schmied 2014

14 GOAL 2 - HUMAN LIFESTYLE I CAN EXPLAIN HOW LIFESTYLE CHOICES & OUR ENVIRONMENT AFFECT PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY  A. Obesity  Know the causes of obesity  Understand the trends in obesity over time  Be able to explain how obesity affects the three key human body systems Resource:  See Obesity in America See Obesity in America See Obesity in America schmied 2014

15 GOAL 2 - HUMAN LIFESTYLE I CAN EXPLAIN HOW LIFESTYLE CHOICES & OUR ENVIRONMENT AFFECT PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY  B. Fast Food & Diabetes  Know the effects of a fast food diet on key human body systems.  Know what diabetes is  Know what cardiovascular disease is and how it affect key systems. Resource:  See Fast Food and Diabetes See Fast Food and Diabetes See Fast Food and Diabetes  AND  See Obesity in America See Obesity in America See Obesity in America schmied 2014

16 GOAL 2 - HUMAN LIFESTYLE I CAN EXPLAIN HOW LIFESTYLE CHOICES & OUR ENVIRONMENT AFFECT PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY  C. Asthma  Know how asthma occurs and how asthma affects key body systems  Know suspected causes of asthma.  Be able to explain what environmental factors trigger asthma attacks. Resource:  Asthma & the Puget Sound Environment Asthma & the Puget Sound Environment Asthma & the Puget Sound Environment schmied 2014

17 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY  A. Subsystems of the Circulatory System  Know the name of each subsystem of the Circulatory System  Know what each subsystem does  Know what each subsystem brings Is Does, Brings  B. Subsystems of the Heart subsystem  Know the name of each subsystem within the heart  Know what each subsystem does  Know what each subsystem “brings” schmied 2014

18 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Subsystems of the Circulatory System – Is, Does, Brings NameWhat does it do?What does it bring? Heart Arteries Capillaries Veins Pumps blood to lungs & body. O 2 rich blood to body CO2 rich blood to lungs O 2 rich blood to body CO2 rich blood to lungs Brings blood to the body from heart O2 rich blood to body O2 rich blood to body CO 2 rich blood to lungs CO 2 rich blood to lungs Brings supplies to & from every body cell O2 and Nutrients to cells O2 and Nutrients to cells CO 2 & Wastes from cells CO 2 & Wastes from cells Brings blood to the heart from body CO 2 rich blood to heart CO 2 rich blood to heart O 2 rich blood from lungs to heart O 2 rich blood from lungs to heart Things to Know – General schmied 2014

19 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Follow the blood flow through subsystems in the Circulatory System – (In order from left side of heart) Structure Function Left side of Heart Arteries Capillaries Veins Right side of Heart Pulmonary Artery Pulmonary Vein O2 and Nutrients to cells CO 2 & Wastes from cells Pumps O 2 rich blood to body Brings O 2 rich blood to the body from heart Brings CO 2 rich blood to the right side of the heart from body CO 2 rich blood to lungs fm right side heart O 2 rich blood to left side heart fm lungs CO 2 rich blood to lungs via Pul. Artery schmied 2014

20 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY  Things to know  Be able to:  Know where the valves are located,  What the valves do,  What would happen if the valves weren’t working properly schmied 2014

21 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY  Things to know  Be able to:  Track the blood flow from the body, through the heart, to the lungs & back  Show which areas have O2 rich blood  Show which areas have CO2 rich blood schmied 2014

22 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE CIRCULATION SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY  Things to know  Be able to:  Track the blood flow from the body, through the heart, to the lungs & back  Show which areas have O2 rich blood  Show which areas have CO2 rich blood schmied 2014

23 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY Respiratory Be able to: tell subsystems in order tell subsystems in order what each subsystem does what each subsystem does iratory/alveoli.jpg schmied 2014

24 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THE SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY schmied2013 Data Table 2 – Structures & Functions of the Respiratory System Structure Function – Tell what each organ does! Nose & Mouth Trachea Lungs Bronchioles Alveoli Know the Structures & Functions of the Respiratory System

25 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THE SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY schmied2014 Data Table 2 – Structures & Functions of the Respiratory System Structure Function – Tell what each organ does! Nose & Mouth Trachea Lungs Bronchioles Alveoli Know the Structures & Functions of the Respiratory System Covers Bronchioles and Alveoli Takes in, filters, warms and exhausts air from the lungs Filters & Warms incoming air/O 2, breathe out CO 2 & H 2 0 Spreads air out to every part of the lungs. 1. Take in, then exhaust, CO 2 from blood (capillaries) 2. Gives O 2 to blood cells (capillaries)

26 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THIS SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY schmied2013 Be able to tell how & where CO 2 and O 2 are exchanged in the lungs to tell how & where CO 2 and O 2 are exchanged in the lungs as well as where CO 2 and O 2 are exchanged in the body as well as where CO 2 and O 2 are exchanged in the body also where the blood supply comes from & goes in the body also where the blood supply comes from & goes in the body ThirdQuarterLessons/Chapter08/8-3/images/alveolus.gif

27 GOAL 1B – I AM ABLE TO SHOW, DESCRIBE & EXPLAIN HOW THE SUBSYSTEMS OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM WORK TO ALLOW THE SYSTEM TO FUNCTION PROPERLY schmied2013 Be able to tell how & where CO 2 & O 2 are exchanged in the lungs to tell how & where CO 2 & O 2 are exchanged in the lungs where CO 2 & O 2 are exchanged in the body & where flow where CO 2 & O 2 are exchanged in the body & where flow where the blood supply comes from & goes in the body where the blood supply comes from & goes in the body

28 schmied2014 Basics of how matter is transported to & used by cells An Animal Cell O 2 + C 6 H 12 O 6 CHEMICAL REACTION ENERGY! CO 2 + H 2 O + Waste O2O2O2O2 C 6 H 12 O 6 CO 2 INSULIN H2OH2OH2OH2O MITOCHONDRIA Vein to Heart, Lungs Mouth Kidneys CAPILLARYWALL FROM ARTERY HEART, LUNGS & MOUTH GLUCOSE FROM SMALL INTESTINE

29 schmied2013 Be able to show how Nutrients (food) Nutrients (food) Wastes Wastes CO 2 & O 2 CO 2 & O 2 & Energy & Energy flow in and out of the body using a Systems Diagram. Goal 1a - I can show and explain how key human body systems work (Digestive, Respiratory & Circulatory) together.


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