Presentation on theme: "Hydrodynamic analysis of spreading regimes and multi-component gas diffusion in the underground storage of radioactive wastes I.Panfilova, A.Pereira, S.C.Yusuf,"— Presentation transcript:
Hydrodynamic analysis of spreading regimes and multi-component gas diffusion in the underground storage of radioactive wastes I.Panfilova, A.Pereira, S.C.Yusuf, O.Heidarov (LEMTA) A.Burnol, P.Audigan, M.Parmentier (BRGM)
Problematics Gas mixture, composed by H2, N2, CO2, O2, SO2, etc., is accumulated in alveoli and begins to migrate in all directions caused by the segregation, dissolution and diffusion. Storage cell of type B
Problematics Undercritical CO2: two-phase vertical raising Overcritical CO2: Singler-phase horizontal spreading Does it can be stopped ?
Migration of gas Injected gas bubble can migrate along the limited distance and be trapped for the long-term security of storage by -structural trapping -residual gas trapping -dissolution in water -capillary forces -reactivity The combination of these effects prevents the gas migrating more than a few kilometers from the injection site before it is fully blocked in the cap rocks.
CO2 Storage Models Van der Meer : CO2 storage in saline aquifers. The dissolution rates is determined by gravity segregation and viscous displacement. Holt et al.: reservoir simulation to investigate the storage capacity defined as CO2 dissolved in formation brine. Law and Bachu showed that a similar fraction of CO2 may dissolve into the brine and travel within the slow hydrodynamic system in the aquifer Pruess et al.: CO2 storage in saline aquifers. The long-term total storage capacity could be on the order of 30 kg/m3 of aquifer volume for all trapping mechanisms. Kochina et al and Barenblatt studied analytically the capillary trapping effects.
Undercritical CO2: Vertical gas raising
Mathematical model of gas raising For each fluid phase, Darcy’s law: Two-phase mass balance: Initial condition: S z
Segregation model Reduction to: capillarity gravity
Analytical solution: diagrammatic technique Fractional flowWelge tangent Evaluation in time of multiple fronts
Dynamics of bubble raising Axe vertical
Bubble streatching The back velocity << The forward velocity Therefore, the bubble stretches until it reaches uniform residual gas saturation : Very different from raising in bulk water
Physical formulation - Single-phase liquid. - 2 chemical components: CO2 et H2O. -The solid is immobile and non deformable. - Fluid flow is radial. - Both components of liquid are reactive (the reaction with the solid): CO2 + 2H2O + anorthite = kaolinite + CaCO3
Mathematical model C = CO2 molar concentration CO2 + 2H2O + anorthite = kaolinite + CaCO3 Reaction kinetics: Law of action mass:
Analytical solution stationary limit
Numerical result limit of propagation for 10 years Anorthite concentration Solid phase saturation
Numerical study of gas spreading Gocad ECLIPSE
Vertical cross-section. Gas saturation 10 years of gas injection, 90 years without injection (natural gas migration) After 6 years of rest the gas bubble was stabilized
Vertical cross-section. Water saturation
Aqueous concentration of CO2
Numerical study of gas spreading RSW: 500 years after STOPRSW: 1100 years after STOP RSW: after 10 years of gas injectionRSW: 100 years after STOP
Numerical study of gas dissolution RSW in 4 points in time (1100 years) Depth Time
Proposal for 2011 LEMTA: 1.Multi-component reactive diffusion-convection with gravity around a cell of radioactive waste. 3 chemical components in liquid: H2O, H2 and CO2 or air. Model: diffusion fluxes resulting from the non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Method: the numerical code developed in LEMTA. 2. Macroscopic circulations in a limit volume of gas. Water surrounding the macroscopic gas bubble causes the rotational flow inside it. It may be captured only within the Brinkman model. BRGM: A literature review is planned to study each of 3 binary systems (CO2-H2O, CO2-H2 et H2O-H2) and calculations initiated with the binary CO2-H2S pursued. The result will be achieved with a Master student (initially planned during the first year of the project).