Presentation on theme: "Synrad, Inc. Synrad, Inc. 4600 Campus Place Mukilteo, WA 98275-4862 USA Phone: (425) 349-3500 Website : www.synrad.comwww.synrad.com."— Presentation transcript:
Synrad, Inc. Synrad, Inc. 4600 Campus Place Mukilteo, WA 98275-4862 USA Phone: (425) 349-3500 Website : www.synrad.comwww.synrad.com
CO2 LASER APPLICATIONS ON CERAMICS Marking Porcelain This material provides a highly permanent contrasting mark, with some engraving. This component is used for electrical lamp plugs. Fenix, 25W, 5"/s..
Marking Aluminum Nitride Aluminum Nitride marked using Synrad’s Fenix. Using Synrad’s 25W Fenix Laser Marker and 80mm lens, this Polished Aluminum Nitride (Ceramic) sample was marked with 1mm high text characters at 2.5 inches per second in a cycle time of 0.2 seconds.
Marking Clear Ceramic Marking high temperature clear ceramic using a 10W laser. Heat resistant to 1400° F, the clear ceramic material in the photo is used for windows in high temperature ovens and furnaces. The ceramic was marked with a 0.125" high human readable lot code and a 2D Data Matrix code using a 10W Synrad CO2 laser, with a cycle time of 3 seconds.
Marking polished ceramic surface mounts This shuttle was marked on a surface mount The mark was made with a 69mm lens and 13 watts of laser power. A speed of 15'"/s was achieved, with high resolution. This application calls for high marking speeds, as the surface mount material must be marked without overheating the part
Marking Ceramic and Phenolic Capacitors The flexible nature of laser marking is ideal for placing a printed mark onto very small, varyingly sized capacitors, with changing text. Both ceramic and phenolic capacitors produce an excellent contrasting mark.
Marking Ceramic Components The electronics industry uses miniature surface- mount components extensively in the manufacture of circuit boards. This large (2.5 mm x 3 mm) ceramic capacitor was marked using an FH- Series marking head equipped with an 80 mm lens.
Drilling Ceramic 75-micron holes drilled in 0.015" ceramic (alumina) using a Synrad Evolution 240.Evolution 240
Cutting Ceramic This 0.014" diameter hole was trepanned through a sheet of 0.005"-thick ceramic.
Cutting ceramic 0.025” thick ceramic, cut with a Synrad 200 watt laser, at 15ipm
Scribing Micro-Channels in PMMA This 100-micron wide channel was made using only 6W of power on a sheet of super-cooled PMMA. Enlarged view of the scribed channel
Marking Surface Mount Capacitors Marked with a Synrad 10-watt laser and FH- Series “Index” Marking Head at 15”/ sec (Actual size ~2mm x 1.5mm)
Marking Polyimide Marked with the FH "Index" marking head and Synrad laser, using 5 watts at 30"/ second. The cutting of polyimide material for flex circuits and other electrical applications is a highly specialized area, with lasers of wavelengths in the 9.3-9.4 micron range commonly used in their processing.
Marking PCB on its side Marked with the FH "Index" marking head and 10 watt laser using 7 watts at 15"/second. The available space on small PCBs for marking part numbers or date codes is constantly decreasing - one of the reasons for the increased use of Data Matrix codes
Marking LPI Solder Masks LPI (Liquid photo-image able) solder masks are widely used on circuit boards as they offer high resolution, excellent electrical properties and compatibility with surface mount technology. This LPI solder mask was marked using a Synrad CO2 laser and FH Series marking head without exposing the electrical traces, or otherwise damaging the board.
Marking IC Chips Marked with Synrad's FH "Index" marking head and a 10-watt laser at 45" per second
Marking Graphite Marked with a Synrad 50W laser at 2.5"/s Graphite’s ability to absorb laser energy is well known among CO2 laser users, as this material can be used as a fairly effective beam stop. While this high-threshold material does require at least 50 watts of power to mark, laser marking on graphite results in well-defined, dark contrasting marks
Marking Electronic Chips Incredibly small readable text created with Synrad 10W laser
Marking Data Matrix Codes on PCB This 0.08" sq. (~2mm. sq.), 26- character code was marked with a 10- watt Synrad laser and FH "Index" Marking Head at 19" per second.
Marking Data Matrix Codes on Glass-filled Nylon Marked with an FH "Index" marking head and 25-watt laser, using 12 watts of power at 40"/ second. This 22 character code was marked onto an automotive part in 0.4s. The 0.4" square code is readable with a hand held scanner.
Marking Codes on PCB 2 watts of laser power were used. The codes shown are (from top left): 0.04" sq. Data Matrix code, marked with Synrad's Spot tool 0.1725" sq. Data Matrix code, raster-filled, cycle time 0.54 seconds 0.7180 x 0.09" pdf 417 code, cycle time 1.01 seconds 0.8 x 0.09" Code 128, cycle time 1.64 seconds All four codes were marked in 5 seconds
Marking Chewing Gum Wrappers In this application, foil chewing gum wrappers were marked for tracking, quality, and inspection purposes using a Synrad 25W CO2 laser and FH- Series marking head equipped with a 125mm focusing lens
Marking Brake Pads This brake pad can be marked on either side. While an engraved mark can be produced on the actual contact side of the pad, a great contrasting mark can be made on the painted side (shown in the photograph above) at very high speed. Both the text and code were marked in less than 2 seconds.
Marking 2D Codes on FR4 A 2D Data Matrix code was marked on a sample FR4 circuit board A second sample, containing twelve 0.060” high alphanumeric characters, was marked using 12 W at 25 IPS in a time of 0.22 seconds.
Marking 2D Bar Codes on PCBs This 2-D bar code reads "Synrad CO2 Laser marking!" Information-dense 2D codes can be quickly and easily marked directly onto the base material of PCBs using a low power sealed CO2 laser and galvo’ based marking head
Cutting Sandpaper Cutting 0.04” aluminum oxide paper with 125 watts at 125”/ minute. The thickness and abrasive nature of the aluminum oxide is a challenge for mechanical cutters, often resulting in tool wear and deformation of the paper. The laser cuts the sandpaper with no visible signs of thermal damage, and, as in this example, offers the end-users the flexibility to create custom shapes.
Cutting PCB Side view of PCB scribed using low power Synrad CO2 Lasers. The 0.05” Printed Circuit Board (PCB) shown on the left was cut at 140 inches per minute with a Synrad 50W laser.
Cutting Non-Slip Mats Close up of laser cut non-slip flooring. Cutting was done with a 50-watt Synrad laser and 10psi nitrogen assist at a speed of 2.75" per second.
Cutting Gaskets with a marking head This application may also be accomplished using the Fenix Laser Marker. The figure shows 8.5" x 7" gasket, cut with 25 watts of power at 2" per second
Cutting cell phone keypads Cut conditions were 23W, 1.8"/s, 200mm lens The as-received cell- phone keypad required the individual keys to be de-gated. The cutting was achieved using the Digital Marking Head.
Cutting CDs The CD material cuts very well with slight edge charring, with no discoloration to its surface or underside. 25 watts, 70" per minute
Stripping Optical Fiber For many material removal processes, such as fiber optic stripping, low power CO2 lasers can be an excellent tool. The laser beam can be positioned with high accuracy and power delivered with precise control to remove unwanted materials.
"Spot" Marking Data Matrix Codes on CRT Glass WinMark Pro's Spot Marking Style was used to create this 0.35"sq 2D code on CRT glass. The mark had a cycle time of 2.6 seconds Three methods of marking glass using WinMark Pro software: Top: Circle Filled Middle: Spot Marking Style Bottom: Raster Fill
Sealing Borosilicate Glass Tubes This 0.075"- diameter borosilicate glass pipette was sealed using 10W of CO2 laser power.
Profile Cutting of Quartz The picture above shows part of an intricate pattern cut out of 0.03"-thick quartz, demonstrating the laser's effectiveness in fine cutting operations
Marking Test Tubes A readable 2D code created on Pyrex using a Synrad 10W laser
Marking Sapphire White sapphire marked using a low power Synrad CO2 lasers
Marking Quartz This piece of quartz was marked using the FH Marking head and only 5 watts of power at 15" per second. Actual character height is 0.04".
Marking Pyrex Glass Marked with Fenix Laser Marker (25W) at 15”/s. Marked with Fenix Laser Marker (8W) at 15”/s.
Engraving Marble/ Granite Marked with FH "Index" marking head using 18 watts at 15"/ second. Marking plaques and presentation pieces made from marble, granite and similar substances can be achieved in various ways. Surface marking, with very little penetration into the material, is fairly straightforward, generally requiring less than 25 watts of power
Marking Glass Diodes Marked with 3 watts of power at 15"/second. 0.03"-high characters were marked on this diode using just 3 watts of laser power. The material is painted glass, and the highly- contrasting mark was produced by removing the paint, leaving the glass unaffected
Marking Glass This intricate image can be marked using a Synrad 25W laser! These results were achieved using 20W of power, a 125mm lens at a speed of 45 inches per minute. The image was marked with a resolution of 425dpi.
Laser Marking Glass to Resemble Sand Blasting CO2 lasers mark glass by fracturing the surface of the material. In this case, the glass was fractured to within 2- 3 thousandths of the surface, resulting in a very smooth finish. This technique can be used to produce text, Data Matrix™ codes, and readable bar codes
Marking Decorative Glass Marked with 15 watts of power at 100"/second. In this application, the surface staining or coating on glass was easily ablated away, revealing a pattern. The high speed etching on the thin coating has no effect on the glass beneath it.
Marking Bar codes on Glass Readable codes were marked on this 1/8"- thick automotive glass The 6 character Code 128 barcode was marked with a cycle time of 1.7 seconds.
Marking Bar Codes in Glass 128 Code, marked with an FH-Series Marking Head and 25W Synrad laser. Marking speed was 35" per second.FH-Series Marking Head Magnified view of a code made up of linear spots
Marking Auto Glass Readable codes can be made on tinted glass using a 10W laser
Laser "Blasting" Glass A sandblasted look can be created on glass using a Synrad laser and FH Marking Head.
Cutting Float Glass Cut with a 60-2, 200 watt laser. The unique ability to cut out profile shapes with no mechanical force makes this application possible.
Cutting Optical Fiber CO2 laser radiation is readily absorbed by glass, which makes these lasers ideal for cutting and machining of optical fibers, or as a heat source for fiber splicing In this case, single-mode telecommunication fibers were cut with a 25-watt laser at a speed of 6" per second with 5 passes (0.3 second cycle time), using an 80mm focal length lens
CO2 LASER APPLICATIONS IN METALS Scribing aluminum film This application required aluminum film to be sectioned. The 2 microns thick film was scribed using only 9 watts of laser power, at a speed of 2000ipm
Rust-Proof Marking Steel Metal marking using a Synrad FH Series Marking Head. Synrad lasers are used in a variety of industrial applications to mark metals including mild steel, 300 & 400 series stainless, Inconel, nickel, titanium, tool steel, and titanium nitride. In addition to easily marking these metals, the CO2 laser creates a permanent and durable mark.
Marking 0.025"-thick wire Tungsten Carbide wire, marked with 98W, 1"/s 69mm lens. This application shows off the laser’s ability to create high quality marks on even the tiniest of surfaces – marking alphanumeric on 0.025"- thick wire! The resulting character height of this application is 0.018", with a line width of 0.0026".
Marking Steel Automotive Parts These 0.125" high characters were marked on a steel automotive part using 60W.
Marking Stainless Steel Stainless Steel disk marked using a 125W Synrad Laser.
Marking Solar Panels Marked with a Synrad 48-2 CO2 laser with 20 watts of power at 15"/ second. The underside surface of a solar panel is made of powdered aluminum. While regular aluminum cannot be marked with a sealed CO2 laser, the powdered form can be easily marked with just 20 watts of power
Marking Saw Blades The readable contrasting marks on the saw blades were created using a Synrad 125W laser at a speed of 4.5 inches per second with a resolution of 425 dpi.
Marking Plated Steel Permanent marks created on an automotive door latch using CO2 lasers
Marking Painted Metal A gun barrel slide marked using a low power Synrad CO2 laser.
Marking Painted Aluminum Logos and text, marked on painted aluminum using a 25W laser.
Metal Marking with the Fenix Laser Marker Bead blasted stainless steel 24W, 0.125"/s Cast stainless steel 25W, 10"/s readable 2-D Bar Code
Metal marking with a 50 watt CO2 laser Both titanium and stainless steels can be marked with as little as 50 watts of CO2 laser power
Marking Metal around a circumference 1”-diameter metal tube, marked with a Synrad 100-watt sealed CO2 laser and FH-Series “Index” Marking Head at 2” per second
Marking Lithography Frames Contrasting marks were produced on this anodized aluminum frame with a 25W laser.
Marking Lacquered Aluminum Contrasting marks were created on a lacquered aluminum cap.
CO2 LASER APPLICATIONS FOR PAPER AND WOOD PROCESSING
Marking, Kiss-Cutting, and Perforating Labels This laser-markable label material, developed by 3M for Nd:YAG laser applications, is easily marked, kiss cut, and perforated using a Synrad 10W CO2 laser and an FH Series marking head.
Marking Fast Codes on Inked Paper Using a Synrad 25W FH Marking System, these codes were marked at 250" per second
Marking Codes on Boxes Laser ablating an inked layer on boxes is a popular method of marking date codes in the packaging industry.
Engraving Wood A handgrip was engraved on hardwood using a Synrad laser and FH Marking head
Cutting Particle Board Using a 240W Synrad CO2 laser we were able to cut this particle board at a speed of 150 inches per minute
Cutting Paperboard This paperboard cutting application was processed using both 100W and 240W sealed CO2 lasers. Although the paperboard is 0.25" thick, the beam was focused by a lens proving a 0.004" spot size and a 0.07" depth of focus.
Cutting Corrugated Paper A 21-pound corrugated sample (0.375” high flutes on 3/4" inch centers) was cut using 109W at a speed of 360 IPM. The black 33-pound stock, with 0.5” high flutes on one-inch centers, was cut using 142W of laser power
Cutting Carbon Fiber Carbon fiber cut using an EVO200 Synrad laser.
Wire Stripping Because many materials used to fabricate wires, such as copper and aluminum, are reflective to the CO2 wavelength, lasers are an excellent source for wire stripping.
Perforating holes in plastic/ fabric sheet 0.025" diameter holes made with 15W at 1200ipm
Marking Thermoset Polyester Used in many electrical housings and moldings, this material marks easily with a low power CO2 laser. Fenix, 2.5 watts, 10" per second
Marking Silicon Carbide Marked with the FH "Index" head, 25 watts of power at 1" / second.
Marking PVC Coated Wire Marked using a Synrad CO2 laser and FH marking head. Using 10W of power, a Synrad CO2 laser and FH marking head produced a nicely contrasting mark on PVC coated 18 AWG wire with a character size approximately 0.039" (1mm) high
Marking PVC Coated Bottles Contrasting marks resulted from laser marking this PVC coated bottle with a 10W laser.
Marking PVC Wire Excellent marks achieved with Fenix, using 1W at 15"/s on brown (top) and blue (bottom) PVC wire
Marking PVC Tubing This PVC medical device was marked using a 25W laser and FH-Series marking head. The 0.1"-high text was marked in a cycle time of 0.9 seconds
Marking PVC Cards These codes were marked using a Fenix marking system.
Marking Nylon Although this material does not produce a highly contrasting mark, it engraves with good readability on both light and dark base material colors Fenix, 7W,10" per second
Marking IV Bags Polyvinyl chloride medical storage bags, marked with a 10W Synrad CO2 laser. The marks penetrate only 1.3% of the total material thickness
Marking IV Bags The entire mark of 400+ characters took 11.2 sec. This close-up view of a letter "t" shows individual scan lines at a resolution optimized for speed.
Marking Data Matrix Codes on Polycarbonate Marked with the FH "Index" marking head and Synrad laser, using 8 watts of power at 15"/ second
Marking Coated Plastic Barcodes and human-readable text marked using 10W of power
Marking Bakelite Marked with the Fenix Laser Marker: 1 watt of power was used, at a speed of 25" per second.
Engraving Plastic Engraving codes using only 10W of power
Engraving Delrin Engraved marks in Delrin were made using 25W of laser power
Drilling Polyurethane 0.006" holes drilled in 0.003" polyurethane sheet using a Synrad 25W laser and 2.5" positive meniscus lens providing a spot size of 0.004".
Drilling Plastic Nozzles 250 & 100 micron hole sizes drilled with a Synrad 48-2 CO2 laser with 20 watts of power
Degating Plastic Parts This acrylic part was degated on the left side of the part.
Marking Day & Night Displays Marked with 2 watts of power at 20" per second Used for displays where the mark will be read under varying light conditions, such as automotive displays, hi-fi systems, and telephones,
Cutting Urethane Bushings Cutting urethane using a 240W Synrad laser. The 2.5 inch thick urethane bushing shown above was cut in nine seconds while being rotated underneath a 240 watt CO2 laser beam
Cutting Synthetic Woven Fabric Synthetic fabric, cut with 25 watts of laser power at 200" per minute.
Cutting Synthetic Filters Laser processing of both of these filter elements resulted in clean cuts with sealed edges.
Cutting 0.6"-thick Polyester Rope Cut with 20 watts at 4"/minute
Cutting Plastic Mesh Laser cutting of this plastic mesh resulted in clean, sealed edges A close-up view of the fabric edge quality.
Cutting Plastic Mesh Synrad CO2 lasers produce smooth edges when cutting plastic mesh.
Cutting Kevlar Reinforced Urethane The Kevlar reinforced Urethane timing belt was cut at a speed of 680 inches per minute.
Cutting Fabric Housing CO2 laser used to cut the outer fabric housing from a cable.
Cutting Acrylic ¼" thick acrylic cut at 50ipm with 100W
Cutting 1.125"-Thick Acrylic Clear smooth edges on thick acrylic resulted from the laser cutting process
Cutting and Marking Acrylic Signs This acrylic advertising sign was cut and marked using a Synrad 48-2 25W CO2 laser
"Engraving" Polyester Fleece Polyester fleece, “engraved” with a Synrad 10W laser and FH-Series “Index” Marking Head
Cutting Plastic Containers with a Marking Head 0.03”-thick plastic cut with a 100W laser at 15”/s.