Presentation on theme: "HYDROPONIC FODDER PRODUCTION"— Presentation transcript:
1HYDROPONIC FODDER PRODUCTION Eng.OLIVER M NDEGWAKENYA
2Hydroponic Fodder Benefits to all animals include: Faster weaning and less stress on mothers and youngstockLess manure due to increased digestibility of fodderBoosted immune systemIncreased longevity and lifespanEarlier heat cyclesImproved fertilityStimulated appetite during heat stressBetter behavior and temperament
3How it is Done Day 1: Seed soaked in water for 2 hrs Seed poured directly into hydroponic propagation trays at a depth of ½”.Begin irrigating with water for every 2 hours for 5 minutes ( if in a machine):Seed Swells
9RATION CALCUTION AND COSTING A tray of 6kgs will feed2 goats54 chicken8-10 rabbits.A Friesian cow needs kg of fodder and 3-5kg of hay. 100 g mineral supplementDo some easy math calculations and compare Maize bran today.
10PIGs Rearing = ¼ biscuit per day Feeding = ½ biscuit per day Sow out of season = ½ biscuit per daySow in season = 1 biscuit per day
11Feed consumption (in g) Pigs per biscuit per day Age of Pig (weeks)DayWeight (in kg)Daily Gain (g/day)Feed consumption (in g)Pigs per biscuit per day42872154901664212.5395870985621.36301450107030.56602100128440.571528003149851.5800357011265965455021812680100056001.52014095110066501.22215411077001.1
12ADVANTAGES, General Requires little land Fodder produced in 6 days Reduced cost of feedImproved livestock performanceEasy to setup systemLow cost structure.Little waste water, no nutrients lost in environment
13ADVANTAGES CT’D Highly palatable and nutritious Reduces feed costs Improves general fertility, conception ratesIncreases digestibility of nutrientsImproves general animal healthIncreases new born survival ragesHas alkalizing effect on the body (Shipard, 2005).
14Advantages GeneralNo need for long-term feed storage and no nutrient losses that can be associated with feed storage.More beneficial to non –ruminantsOrganicBest option for the future where many people increase yet land does not increase.
15Advantages Beef Cattle The carcass quality is greatly improved.Average dairy weight gain 1.7 kg.To attain weight grain of 1.7 kg in grain fed cattle, large amounts of grains is required which can cause metabolic and digestive problems also most of grains is not utilized and pass through the animal undigested.
16Advantages Dairy The milk yield is improved up to 18 - 25% increase. The butter fat content is raised.Quality of milk improvedCows becomes healthyThe time of birth to weaning improved.Increase in appetite.
17Advantages goats and Sheep The carcass quality is greatly improved.There is improved weight gain at finish feeding.Sheep gain daily average of kg vs 0.053kg when fed a feed lot ratio over six months (fayed, 2011)
18Advantages ChickenPigs and chickens are mostly raised with high stocking density, and also show vast improvements in health and digestion.The enzymes in barley green feed reduce the passing of “Sticky dropping” in chickens. Therefore the eggs that are laid are cleaner with a yellow yolk due to caroteen.An increase of up to 40% in egg protein is evident.Hydroponic fodder helps to eliminate cannibalism among chicken, because there are no deficiencies in their diet.
19Advantages PigsSwine production is enhanced by the rich enzyme content of the barley/oats green feed and is particularly beneficial to weaner aiding in a stressful transition from sows milk to solid food.
20CHALLENGESMold. Moldy sprouts can decrease animal performance and result in animal deaths. Pre-treatment of seed with a sterilizing agent (e.g. hydrogen peroxide) is one strategy for preventing mold.Good hygiene in the system is also important. It is recommended that the growing trays be cleaned between crops with a chlorine based cleaning solution (11).
22Repercurtion Aflatoxicosis 1 ton of grain comes with 100 billion mold sporesSprouts and mold grow in a warm, wet environmentMany molds are toxic to livestock and humansMold control has limited the use of sprouts as a livestock feedChlorine, iodine, and other mold-controlling chemicals can cause damage to enzyems in the sprouts, animals consuming the sprouts, and humans who consume animal's milk and meat
243 TON FODDER ROOM. 3 TON FODDER ROOM FOR 180 DAIRY COWS. MILK PRODUCTION 3600 LITERS PER DAY.REVENUE US$ PER DAY.COST OF RATION US$ PER DAYMARGIN OVER FEED US$ EARNINGS PER FARMER PER DAY US$ PER MONTH US$
25High Tunnel Model II (8by30) 1.Engineering SpecsHot Galvanized GI pipe with 200 microns UVOrganic(manure) based agronomyPortable unit and easy installationPlant population1000 and output usd120/day for 6 months renewable for 1 extra seasonStandard Production based on usd 0.50 per plant per dayTotal Price including agronomy per season is USD2700.Cooperative Model; Ideal for a Group of not more 8 people