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© 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. Stéphane Mondoloni, Ph.D. FF-ICE/1 and ASBU- Block 1.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. Stéphane Mondoloni, Ph.D. FF-ICE/1 and ASBU- Block 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. Stéphane Mondoloni, Ph.D. FF-ICE/1 and ASBU- Block 1

2 | 2 || 2 | FF-ICE Step 1  12 th Air Navigation Conference, Recommendation 3/5: Operational performance through flight and flow – information for a collaborative environment That the conference: a)Endorse the aviation system block upgrade module relating to flight and flow – information for a collaborative environment included in Block 1 and recommend that ICAO use it as a basis of its work programme on the subject; That states: g)Support the development of a flight information exchange model; © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. FF-ICE Step 1 refers to the Block 1 FICE module

3 | 3 || 3 | ASBU B1 - FF-ICE Step 1 Module 4DT Implications © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. B1-FICE Early provision of flight intent Exchange of 4DT information between the AOC and the ASP Services include: Validation Nominal trajectory generation (in absence of user defined 4DT Negotiation (to address constraints) Update of flight information Subscription Knowledge of aircraft capabilities allows 4DTs closer to preferences Trajectory or slot negotiation pre-departure Early provision of flight intent Exchange of 4DT information between the AOC and the ASP Services include: Validation Nominal trajectory generation (in absence of user defined 4DT Negotiation (to address constraints) Update of flight information Subscription Knowledge of aircraft capabilities allows 4DTs closer to preferences Trajectory or slot negotiation pre-departure Continue to require predictions, additional information required Information required for validation of 4DT against other provided information A mechanism for negotiation of trajectory Inclusion of constraints required for 4DT Support for update of 4DT when information changes Additional information may be required to support subscription mechanisms Eligibility checking of 4DT against aircraft capabilities Inclusion of slots and target times for pre-departure negotiation Continue to require predictions, additional information required Information required for validation of 4DT against other provided information A mechanism for negotiation of trajectory Inclusion of constraints required for 4DT Support for update of 4DT when information changes Additional information may be required to support subscription mechanisms Eligibility checking of 4DT against aircraft capabilities Inclusion of slots and target times for pre-departure negotiation From the module description Implications for 4DT

4 | 4 || 4 | ASBU B1 Relationship to FF-ICE Step 1 4DT Airport Operations © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. B1-APTA B1-WAKE B1-RSEQ B1-SURF B1-ACDM B1-RATS PIA: Airport Operations B1-FICE Integration of PBN GLS procedures Extension to CAT II/III capability Integration of PBN GLS procedures Extension to CAT II/III capability Pairwise static wake separation matrix WTMA for runways < 2500 feet apart WTMD for runways < 2500 feet apart Pairwise static wake separation matrix WTMA for runways < 2500 feet apart WTMD for runways < 2500 feet apart Enhanced surface management Departure and surface integration Extended arrival metering Utilization of RNAV/RNP routes Enhanced surface management Departure and surface integration Extended arrival metering Utilization of RNAV/RNP routes 4DT Runway and time estimates for runway demand Target times for metering and departure control ETAs for meter schedule development Metering fix and TOD for OPD assignment Procedure names referenced for eligibility checking Runway and time estimates for runway demand Target times for metering and departure control ETAs for meter schedule development Metering fix and TOD for OPD assignment Procedure names referenced for eligibility checking Surface situational awareness Enhanced traffic situational awareness w/ indications and alerts Enhanced vision systems for taxi Surface situational awareness Enhanced traffic situational awareness w/ indications and alerts Enhanced vision systems for taxi Collaborative airport operations plan Airport performance framework with targets DST for execution & coordination of plan Sharing of resource and operations plans Real-time monitoring Collaborative airport operations plan Airport performance framework with targets DST for execution & coordination of plan Sharing of resource and operations plans Real-time monitoring Runway and time estimates for runway demand Planning target times Runway and time estimates for runway demand Planning target times Remote provision of ATS for single aerodrome Remote provision of ATS for multiple aerodromes Remote provision of ATS for contingency situations Remote provision of ATS for single aerodrome Remote provision of ATS for multiple aerodromes Remote provision of ATS for contingency situations Procedure names in route for eligibility checking (route consistent w/ 4DT)

5 | 5 || 5 | ASBU B1 Relationship to FF-ICE Step 1 4DT Globally Interoperable Systems & Data © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. B1-FICE B1-DATM B1-SWIM B1-AMET PIA: Globally Interoperable Systems & Data B1-FRTO B1-NOPS Harmonized framework (FIXM, AIXM, WXXM) B1-FICE 4DT Format, structure and definitions consistent SWIM for ground-ground application Distribution mechanism for FIXM information Information within FIXM may be required to support subscription Distribution mechanism for FIXM information Information within FIXM may be required to support subscription MET Information provision MET Information Translation ATM Impact Conversion ATM Decision Support MET Information provision MET Information Translation ATM Impact Conversion ATM Decision Support 4DT for demand estimation in impact conversion Trajectory options for ATM decision support Trajectory prediction inputs for ATM decision support 4DT for demand estimation in impact conversion Trajectory options for ATM decision support Trajectory prediction inputs for ATM decision support Free routing Reduced route spacing Dynamic resectorization Free routing Reduced route spacing Dynamic resectorization Support for free routing in 4DT & eligibility checks Parallel Offset support (across multiple ANSP) Curved Approaches used in prediction for 4DT 4DT for demand estimation in resectorization Support for free routing in 4DT & eligibility checks Parallel Offset support (across multiple ANSP) Curved Approaches used in prediction for 4DT 4DT for demand estimation in resectorization ATFM and ATFM-AOM integration Synchronization (TFM slots) Initial UDPP † Flexible use of Airspace Complexity Management ATFM and ATFM-AOM integration Synchronization (TFM slots) Initial UDPP † Flexible use of Airspace Complexity Management 4DT for demand and complexity assessment TFM slots and target times ETAs for SAA entry times – compliance verification 4DT for demand and complexity assessment TFM slots and target times ETAs for SAA entry times – compliance verification † UDPP requires further elaboration Detail provided in prior slide

6 | 6 || 6 | ASBU B1 Relationship to FF-ICE Step 1 4DT Optimum Capacity and Flexible Flights © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. B1-ASEP B1-SNET PIA: Optimum Capacity and Flexible Flights Interval management from TOD Tactical trajectory for GIM-S (need prediction parameters) FIM start/end and defined interval † Tactical trajectory for GIM-S (need prediction parameters) FIM start/end and defined interval † † Information presently being defined by SC-214. Initially consider as an extension. Approach path monitoring (alert of aircraft proximity to terrain) Note that the prediction parameters are obtained pre-departure & shared, but the tactical FIM/GIM parameters are provided during flight B1-FICE 4DT

7 | 7 || 7 | ASBU B1 Relationship to FF-ICE Step 1 4DT Efficient Flight Path © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. B1-CDO B1-TBO PIA: Efficient Flight Path B1-RPAS PBN with VNAV enabling CDOs Eligibility checking of procedure Vertical constraints in transition 4DT Eligibility checking of procedure Vertical constraints in transition 4DT B1-FICE 4DT 4DTRAD RTA/CTA into terminal D-OTIS DCL D-TAXI 4DTRAD RTA/CTA into terminal D-OTIS DCL D-TAXI RTA/CTA constraints Incorporation of 4DTRAD info (if available) to update 4DT Incorporation of TOD Update of 4DT to reflect DCL clearances Update of 4DT times while on surface Update of 4DT to reflect CPDLC clearances RTA/CTA constraints Incorporation of 4DTRAD info (if available) to update 4DT Incorporation of TOD Update of 4DT to reflect DCL clearances Update of 4DT times while on surface Update of 4DT to reflect CPDLC clearances Streamline process to access non-segregated airspace Defining airworthiness certification for RPA Defining operator certification Defining communication performance requirements Define remote pilot licensing agreements Define detect and avoid technology performance requirements Streamline process to access non-segregated airspace Defining airworthiness certification for RPA Defining operator certification Defining communication performance requirements Define remote pilot licensing agreements Define detect and avoid technology performance requirements Not for 4DT FIXM UAS data elements Not for 4DT FIXM UAS data elements

8 | 8 || 8 | Pre-departure information  AOC provides the route linked to a 4DT © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. DEP procedure ARR procedure Altitude/airspeed constraint Requested altitudes/airspeeds Step climb w speed change Named points RWY ROUTE 4DT Reference TOD 4DT points Lat/long/alt/time Type of TCP Estimated runway dep time Estimated runway arr time IAS/ predicted wind OAT segment MF (significant point)

9 | 9 || 9 | 4DT Matches Route/procedures ANSP Consistency Verification (example) © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. DEP procedure ARR procedure Altitude/airspeed constraint Requested altitudes/airspeeds Step climb w speed change Named points RWY ROUTE 4DT Reference TOD MF (significant point) 4DT points Lat/long/alt/time Type of TCP Estimated runway dep time Estimated runway arr time IAS/ predicted wind OAT segment Flight is eligible for procedures Application of rules & eligibility Constraints are correct and applied correctly (e.g., PBN / GLS procedure) Winds match B1-FICE

10 | 10 | Flow constrained area pre-departure © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. RWY 4DT points Lat/long/alt/time Estimated runway dep time Estimated runway arr time FCA017 Forecast Multiple 4DTs used to estimate demand FCA017 crossing 4DT point TMI imposed - ΔT Time target (e.g. EDCT ) Trajectory update Trajectory options may also be provided to enable TFM automation to assign a re-route versus a delay B1-AMET B1-NOPS

11 | 11 | Clearance (pre-departure)  With DCL – route and modifications uplinked to flight deck  Without DCL – initial route clearance via PDC/voice © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. FIR boundary Clearance limit † (Annex 11, §3.7) † Ideally, this is not used as clearance is coordinated. Coordination pushes the clearance limit downstream. B1-TBO B1-ACDM Provides improved target times

12 | 12 | B1-TBO Departure © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. FIR boundary Actual departure time ANSP updates the ETAs unequipped ΔT i4DTRAD Downstream FIR has improved estimates of demand B1-RSEQ e.g., Flights violating curfew or exceeding capacity can be delayed with speed versus hold on arrival.

13 | 13 | Clearance provision - altitudes  Cleared altitudes are shared across boundary crossing © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. FIR boundaries Cleared to FL 240 Original 4DT Profile Requested altitude FL 240 C-ATSU D-ATSU Today C-ATSU provides D-ATSU: Coordination point ETA at point CFL (FL240) Minimum altitude at point (180) Must cross at or above 180 Use of 4DT can enhance by: Providing the predicted altitude at the coordination point Providing the speed at the coordination point Updating downstream 4DT times Providing pressure altitude correction information B1-ASEP (conducted by D-ATSU) B1-NOPS B1-TBO from (if available, else ground automation )

14 | 14 | Clearance provision – Altitude Block  Block altitude required and coordinated © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. FIR boundary 4DT Profile C-ATSU D-ATSU Today C-ATSU provides D-ATSU: Coordination point ETA at point Cleared block altitude (F310F370) Minimum altitude at point (F290A) Must cross at or above 290 As before, 4DT can enhance by: Providing the predicted altitude at the coordination point Providing the speed at the coordination point Updating downstream 4DT times Providing pressure altitude correction information B1-ASEP (conducted by D-ATSU) B1-NOPS B1-TBO from (if available, else ground automation ) FL310 FL370 Block altitude clearance FL

15 | 15 | Additional notification items  Today, APAC and NAT ICD support a variety of restrictions: –Complete speed and/or level change by a point –Restricted time of arrival at a point –Combination of above –Time of a speed and/or level change (can be reflected in 4DT)  Also, lateral offsets in Field 14 (estimate data) –For weather, deviations right, left or either up to a distance of route –Fixed offsets, specified distance left or right of route  Most restrictions represented as constraints in route (but not at time types)  Offsets represented with clearance and in 4DT, optionally with 4D Point range in trajectory © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. ICAO, Asia/Pacific Regional Interface Control Document (ICD) For ATS Interfacility Data Communications (AIDC), Version 3.0, Montreal, Canada, September 2007 ICAO, The North Atlantic Common Coordination Interface Control Document, Version 1.3.1, Montreal, Canada, 2012 B1-FRTO

16 | 16 | Initial Proposal © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. FIR boundary C-ATSU D-ATSU Today: CPL or EST (if pre-established) 4DT Profile Route tailored Field 15 Field 14 Future: 4DT profile (incl. sig. pts.) Preserve route past PPOS Speed at crossing Actual clearance TI message (PANS 4444) TRU Message (APAC): Heading (HDG) Cleared Flight level (CFL) Speed (SPD) Direct to (DCT) Assigned off-track deviation (OTD) Provides downstream ATSU with improved 4DT estimates, and info for better high-fidelity prediction where necessary. B1-ASEP B1-NOPS B1-RSEQ B1-TBO B1-FRTO Last significant point

17 | 17 | Negotiation and Acceptance © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. Today: Accept message (ACP) if all good Coordination (CDN) message otherwise with Field 22 (amendment) Response: ACP, CDN or Reject (REJ) …and so on FIR boundary C-ATSU D-ATSU Field 14 D-ATSU - Needs different altitude Field 15 D-ATSU - Needs different route Future: Negotiation Traj w/ altitude constraint † or Negotiation Traj w/ new route 4DT Profile † N.B. exchange expected to be compact

18 | 18 | Additional Capabilities  Interval Management –Information provided pre-departure by AOC enables prediction of trajectory for problem setup –Information provided via 4DTRAD may be used to update prediction for above  Continuous Descent Operations –Verify eligibility to use procedures –Verification of 4DT that constraints applied for procedure –Use of AOC data or 4DTRAD data for setup into procedure  Extended Arrival Metering –Use of AOC data or 4DTRAD for ETA estimation –Use of RTA/CTA for meeting time © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. B1-CDO B1-TBO B1-ASEP B1-TBO B1-RSEQ

19 © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. | 19 | Additional Background © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved.

20 | 20 | Aviation System Block Upgrades  Each Block is composed of modules reflecting capabilities  Modules assigned to one of four Performance Improvement Areas (PIAs): –Airport Operations –Globally Interoperable Systems and Data –Optimum Capacity and Flexible Flights –Efficient Flight Paths  Block 1 available between 2018 to 2023  Each module is mapped to the concept components in the ICAO Global ATM Operational Concept (ICAO Doc. 9854) © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved.

21 | 21 | Summary of Block 1 Modules † © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. Airport Operations ModuleModule NameAOMAODCBTSAUOCMSDM Optimized Airport Accessibility Increased runway throughput through dynamic wake turbulence separation Improved airport operations through departure, surface and arrival management Enhanced safety and efficiency of surface operations – SURF, SURF-IA, EVS Optimized airport operations through A-CDM total airport management Remotely operated aerodrome control Increased interoperability, efficiency and capacity through FF-ICE/1 before departure Service improvement through integration of all digital information Performance improvement through the application of SWIM Enhanced operational decisions through integrated MET information Improved operations through optimized ATS routing Enhanced flow performance through network operational planning Improved capacity and efficiency through interval management Ground-based safety nets on approach Improved flexibility and efficiency in descent profiles using VNAV Improved traffic synchronization and initial trajectory-based operations Initial integration of remotely piloted aircraft into non-segregated airspace B1-APTA B1-WAKE B1-RSEQ B1-SURF B1-ACDM B1-RATS Globally Interoperable Systems and Data B1-FICE B1-DATM B1-SWIM B1-AMET B1-FRTO B1-NOPS B1-ASEP B1-SNET Optimum Capacity & Flexible Flights Efficient Flight Path B1-CDO B1-TBO B1-RPAS † According to “Working document for the Aviation System Block Upgrades”, 28 March 2013 Airspace Organization & Management Aerodrome Operations Demand Capacity Balancing TrafficSynchronization Airspace User Operations Conflict Management Service Delivery Management

22 | 22 | © 2013 The MITRE Corporation. All rights reserved. This is the copyright work of The MITRE Corporation and was produced for the U.S. Government under Contract Number DTFAWA-10-C and is subject to Federal Aviation Administration Acquisition Management System Clause , Rights in Data-General, Alt. III and Alt. IV (Oct. 1996). No other use other than that granted to the U.S. Government, or to those acting on behalf of the U.S. Government, under that Clause is authorized without the express written permission of The MITRE Corporation. For further information, please contact The MITRE Corporation, Contract Office, 7515 Colshire Drive, McLean, VA 22102, (703) The contents of this material reflect the views of the author and/or the Director of the Center for Advanced Aviation System Development, and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) or Department of Transportation (DOT). Neither the FAA nor the DOT makes any warranty or guarantee, or promise, expressed or implied, concerning the content or accuracy of the views expressed herein.  2013 The MITRE Corporation. The Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free right to publish or reproduce this document, or to allow others to do so, for “Government Purposes Only.” Fiscal Year:2013 Outcome Number:1 PBWP Reference:1-3.G.1-5


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