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情報基礎 A Lecture 10 Takeshi Tokuyama Tohoku University Graduate School of Information Sciences System Information Sciences Design and Analysis of Information Systems

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Programming VBA Cell Data

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2-dimentional Array Integer Array x(9) Integer Array y(5) Integer Array z(5) Integer 2-dimentional Array a(5) x(9) y(9) z(9)

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2-dimentional Array Declaration ArrayName(Max row index, Max column index ) Dim a(9,2) As Integer Array nameMaximum index number Data Type 2-dimentional Integer array Array name: a Number of box: 10*3=30

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2-dimentional Array Declaration ArrayName(Row index range, Column index range) Dim a(1 to 10,1 to 3) As Integer Array nameIndex RangeData Type 2-dimentional Integer array Array name: a Number of box: 10*3=30

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Cell Data Row number starts from 1 cells(row index, column index)

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Cell format on Excel Range(“Column Row”) Cell Index ： C2 Range(“C2”) or Cells(2,3) in VBA Range(“C2”) or Cells(2,3) in VBA Cells(Column index, Row index)

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Procedure Code begins from “Sub” to end with “End Sub” 1Sub exercise1() 2 ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1").Range("A:A").Value = 1 3End Sub 1Sub exercise2() 2 ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1").Range("A:A").Interior.ColorIndex=4 3End Sub 1Sub exercise3() 2 ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1").Range("A:A").Delete 3End Sub

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Things to deal with in Excel –Worksheets, Cells, and more Object Period to connect objects Object Period to connect objects 1 ThisWorkbook. Worksheets("Sheet1"). Range("A:A"). Value = 1 1 ThisWorkbook. Worksheets("Sheet1"). Range("A:A"). Interior.ColorIndex = 4 1 ThisWorkbook. Worksheets("Sheet1"). Range("A:A"). Delete

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Operation for object –Delete, Open and more Method Period to connect object and method Method Period to connect object and method 1 ThisWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1”).Range("A:A”).Delete

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Attributes for object appearance Property Substitution Method Period to connect object and method Method Period to connect object and method 1ThisWorkbook.Worksheets(“Sheet1”).Range(“A:A”).Interior. ColorIndex = 3

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Cell Reference –Range –Cells Set cell A10 to 10 –Both procedure below results the same 1Sub Example_Range1() 2 ActiveSheet.Range(“A1”).Value = 10 3End Sub 1Sub Example_Cells1() 2 ActiveSheet.Range(1, 1).Value = 10 3End Sub

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Range Property Property to see an arbitrary cell or cell range –Read value –Set value Range(“Cell”) 1Sub Example_Range2() 2 ‘Set a value in cells 3 ActiveSheet.Range(“A1”).Value=10 4 ActiveSheet.Range(“A2”).Value=5 5 ActiveSheet.Range(“B1:B10”).Value=10 6End Sub

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Cells Property See an arbitrary cell Cells(RowIndex,ColIndex) 1Sub Example_Cells2() 2 ‘Set a value in cells 3 ActiveSheet.Cells(1,5).Value=25 4 ActiveSheet.Cells(2,5).Value=5 5End Sub

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Cells Property Procedure to set row number in cells F1- F100 Property ”.value” is omitted 1Sub Example_Cells3() 2 ‘Procedure to set row number in cells F1-F100 3 Dim i As Integer 4 5 For i = 1 to Cells(i, 6) = i 7 Next i 8End Sub

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Sum of Cell A1 and A2 Output the sum of A1 and A2 to A3 with Range Output the sum of A1 and A2 to A4 with Cells 1Sub Example_Range3() 2 Range(“A3”) = Range(“A1”) + Range(“A2”) 3End Sub 1Sub Example_Cells3() 2 Cells(4,1) = Cells(1,1) + Cells(2,1) 3End Sub

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Sum of Cells B1 to B10 Output the sum of B1 to B10 to B11 with Range 1Sub Example_Range4() 2 Range(“B11”) = Range(“B1”) + Range(“B2”) + Range(“B3”) + Range(“B4”) + Range(“B5”) + Range(“B6”) + Range(“B7”) + Range(“B8”) + Range(“B9”) + Range(“B10”) 3End Sub

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Sum of Cells B1 to B10 Output the sum of B1 to B10 to B11 with Cells 1Sub Example_Cells5() 2 Dim i As Integer 3 Dim sum1 As Integer 4 sum1=0 5 6 For i = 1 to sum1 = sum1 + Cells(i, 2) 8 Next i 9 10 Cells(i, 2) = sum1 11End Sub

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