# Using Microsoft ® Excel Formulas and Functions Start Microsoft ® Excel. Type data into cells as shown.

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Using Microsoft ® Excel

Formulas and Functions Start Microsoft ® Excel. Type data into cells as shown.

Calculating PERCENT Select cell D1. Type the formula: =B2/C2*100. Press Enter.

Copying the Formula I Click and drag the heavy dot in the lower right hand corner of cell D2. Drag downwards to fill cells D3 to D10.

Copying the Formula II Release the mouse button to calculate the Percent.

Inserting a Function I Click on cell B12. Click on the Formulas tab. Select Insert Function. A dialog box will be displayed.

Inserting a Function II Scroll down and select the SUM function. Click OK.

Inserting a Function III Type the range B2:B10 beside Number1. Click OK.

Inserting a Function IV The sum of the marks is calculated and displayed in cell B12.

Copying the Function Drag the lower right hand corner of cell B12 to copy the function to cell C12.

Calculating the Midterm Mark Click on cell D12. Type the formula: =B12/C12*100. Press Enter. Note the midterm mark in cell D12.

Cell References I In the previous example, you copied formulas, such as the one in cell B12 to cell C12. Note that the cell reference B2:B10 was changed to C2:C10 for the formula in C12. This is called relative cell referencing.

Cell References II Sometimes you will want to keep a cell reference the same as you copy. An example is an interest rate in a compound interest table. In this example, the interest rate is in cell B1. To keep the reference absolute, use a \$ sign before both the row and column references when you enter the formula =B5*(1+\$B\$1/100) in cell B6. As you copy this formula down column B, the reference to \$B\$1 will remain constant.

Using the Fill Feature I You can also use the Fill feature under the Edit menu to copy functions and formulas. To see how this works, start a new sheet and enter the data shown into columns E and F.

Using the Fill Feature II Select cells E2 to E15. Select the Fill button on the Home/Editing menu. Select Series….

Using the Fill Feature III Select options as desired. Click OK.

Using the Fill Feature IV The column is automatically filled with the numbers from 1 to 15.

Using the Fill Feature V Enter the formula =1.8*E2+32 in cell F2. Click and drag to highlight cells F2 to F16.

Using the Fill Feature VI Select the Fill button on the Home/Editing menu. Select Series…. Select AutoFill. Click OK.

Using the Fill Feature VII Note that the formula has been copied through cell F16.

Charting I A spreadsheet can be used to draw charts and graphs. Start a new sheet and enter the data shown.

Charting II Select cells A1 to A7. Hold the Ctrl key and select cells G1 to G7.

Charting III Click on he Insert tab. Select Column. Select the first 2D Column option.

Charting IV A column chart will be displayed. You can use other options to label axes, select gridlines, etc.

Sorting I A spreadsheet can be used to sort data. Click and drag to highlight the data.

Sorting II Select the Data tab. Click on Sort.

Sorting III Select Points as the first sort column, and adjust other options. Add a level to sort by Wins. Then, sort by Losses. Click OK.

Sorting IV A three-stage sort has been performed on the data.

Search I A spreadsheet can find or replace data using the Find & Select feature in the Editing group.

Search II Suppose you want to replace all of the 5s in the previous spreadsheet with 6s. Select all of the data cells. Then, select Replace…. In the Find what box, type 5. In the Replace with box, type 6. Choose Replace All.

Search III Note that all of the 5s have been replaced with 6s.

Filtered Search I A spreadsheet can be used to filter data. For example, suppose that we want to select only those teams with less than 16 points. Select the data from cell A1 to cell G7. Click on the Data tab. Select Filter.

Filtered Search II Pull down the menu in the POINTS column. Select Number Filters, then Less than…. Add a 16 as shown, and click OK.

Filtered Search III Note that the data have been filtered according to the desired parameter.

Adding and Referencing Worksheets I You can have several worksheets within a file. Data on one sheet can contain a reference to data on another. Sheets are selected using the tabs at the bottom of the screen.

Adding and Referencing Worksheets II Hold down the Ctrl key while you click and drag to highlight the TEAM, GF, and GA columns. From the Clipboard group, select Copy.

Adding and Referencing Worksheets III Click on Sheet2. Pull down the Paste menu and select Paste Special. Click on Paste Link.

Adding and Referencing Worksheets IV Click on cell B2. Notice that it contains a reference to cell E2 on Sheet1. If you change cell E2 on Sheet1, then cell B2 on Sheet2 will also change. If you change cell B2 on Sheet2, cell E2 on Sheet1 will not change.

Adding and Referencing Worksheets V You can manipulate the data on Sheet2 without affecting Sheet1. To see how this works, select Sheet2. Click and drag to select the data from cell A1 to cell C7. Pull down the Data menu and select Sort. Set the sort parameters as shown at the right. Then, click OK.

Adding and Referencing Worksheets VI Notice that Sheet2 is now sorted. However….

Adding and Referencing Worksheets VII...Sheet1 is not.

The End This concludes the tutorial presentation on using Microsoft ® Excel. For more information visit: www.mcgrawhill.ca/links/MDM12

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