Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Fluency on Paper: The Path to Successful Writing Skills Troy Witt ELT Signposts, Brno 11th September 2011.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Fluency on Paper: The Path to Successful Writing Skills Troy Witt ELT Signposts, Brno 11th September 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fluency on Paper: The Path to Successful Writing Skills Troy Witt ELT Signposts, Brno 11th September 2011

2 Fluency on Paper: The Path to Successful Writing Skills How will the seminar be structured? Part A: Theory (15 mins) Part B: Methodology (45 mins) Part C: Assessment (30 mins)

3 Part A - Theory (15 Mins) This part of the seminar will: examine the ‘product vs. process’ debate consider why writing seems to cause such difficulties for many students explore what needs to go into ‘good writing’ before the pen even hits the page

4 Process or Product? In the teaching of writing we can focus on the product of that writing or on the writing process itself. When concentrating on the product we are interested in the aim of a task and in the end product. Those who advocate a process approach to writing, however, pay attention to the various stages that any piece of writing goes through. Jeremy Harmer, The Practice of English Language Teaching

5 The Writing Process Reviewing Generating Ideas Structuring Focusing Evaluating Drafting White and Arndt, 2001

6 Why do students HATE writing? Because... it’s dull, time-consuming and not interactive it’s often difficult to see improvement it requires learning a lot of lexis that is ‘non-transferable’ (used to write only) it’s often the least encountered of all 4 of the skills in daily life the fact that good speaking skills do not translate directly into good writing skills (yet they are both productive) is frustrating it’s ‘foreign’ as the Czech school system does very little of it

7 What do students need to ask themselves before they write? 1234 the WHY What is your motivation for writing? Do you want transfer information, achieve a goal, or just make social contact? the WHAT What is the best way to communicate what it is you need to say? Should you use a formal letter, a quick note, or a bulleted list? the HOW If you know what you want, what do you need to know to create it? What makes a report different than a proposal? the WHO Who is going to read what you write? How is an to your boss different than an to your grandmother?

8 Part B - Methodology (45 Mins) This part of the seminar will: consider the elements and aspects involved in successful writing examine strategies, techniques, and some useful activities that help support these

9 Successful Writing Needs A Plan: Transactional Letter Organization Guide

10 In groups... review the task, and discuss the points that need to be included in the letter complete the TRANSACTIONAL LETTER ORGANIZATION GUIDE for the task IESOL B2 Communicator Sample Paper I

11 Successful Writing Needs Proper Register: A Tale of Two Letters Formal 1. Dear Sir/Madam 2. Furthermore 3. I would greatly appreciate it if you could Informal a. And another thing b. Do you think you can c. Hey Bob

12 Successful Writing Needs Proper Register: A Tale of Two Letters

13 In groups... read both letters, decide which letter is FORMAL and which is INFORMAL mark the structures in the list as indicative to either FORMAL (F) or INFORMAL (I) find examples of each in the two letters

14 Successful Writing Needs To Be Corrected: A Letter to Correct T SP ^ GR / Prep WO WW P wrong word spelling grammar tense punctuation missing word unnecessary word preposition word order A article

15 Successful Writing Needs To Be Corrected: A Letter to Correct What are the problems here? I born in 1971 in one small town in Mexico. My father is diplomat, so my all life I live in different country. I’m married since five years. I knew my wife on school. ^ WW A WOTGR TWW Prep

16 Successful Writing Needs To Be Corrected: A Letter to Correct

17 In groups... correct the letter using the ‘correction guide’ presented New Headway UI (3 rd Ed) pg 112

18 Part C – Assessment (30 Mins) This part of the seminar will: provide an overview of City & Guilds itself, as well as the IESOL and EBC exams provide an opportunity for YOU to try your hand at assessing some sample responses

19 A Little Bit About City & Guilds British examining and certification body providing 50% of the UK’s vocational qualifications. City & Guilds in ČR organizes exams in English through 35 approved testing centres. City & Guilds exams in English:  General English exams: IESOL (written) + ISESOL (spoken)  Business English exams: EBC (written) + SETB (spoken)  Exams for Young learners: YESOL (written) + YSESOL (spoken)

20 The Exams *International English for Speakers of Other Languages **English for Business Communication CEFRIESOL*EBC** A1 Breakthrough Preliminary 1 A2 WaystageAccess B1 ThresholdAchiever 2 B2 VantageCommunicator C1 EOPExpert 3 C2 MasteryMastery

21 The Exams Exams Features… benchmarked to the CEFR (6 levels) valid for life recognized internationally recognized by the Ministry of Education in ČR, employers and Czech universities based on communicative method assessed by independent examiners in London (both written and spoken exams) flexible preparation materials

22 The IESOL Exams Communicator Level B2 Skills and FocusTaskFormat Writing 1 Respond appropriately to a given text to produce a formal response for an intended public audience Instruction to respond formally using a written, graphic or visual input with four content points to be addressed and the intended reader specified words Writing 2 Produce a personal letter, a narrative or descriptive composition Instruction to write an informal piece of writing for a specified reader on a general subject not requiring specialist knowledge words

23 The IESOL Communicator Level (B2) Assessment Criteria CRITERIADESCRIPTIONMARKS task fulfillment A measure of how far the candidate has achieved/addressed the task. Has the candidate done what was asked (eg “Write four sentences” – are there four sentences?) 0-3 grammar A measure of the range, appropriacy and accuracy of grammar. 0-3 vocabulary A measure of the range, accuracy and appropriacy of vocabulary. This criterion also includes spelling accuracy. 0-3 structure A measure of coherence and cohesion. How the text is put together. Is there an attempt to link the ideas and to organise them in a coherent manner? We also look at the accurate use of punctuation in this criterion. 0-3 First Class Pass 12 – 10, Pass 9 – 6, Narrow Fail 5, Fail 4 – 0 NOTE: detailed grammar can be found in the IESOL Qualification Handbook

24 IESOL Task Evaluation 1: An Article Succeed in City & Guilds pg 16/162

25 IESOL Task Evaluation 1: An Article

26 In groups... Read the task Examine both sample answers Evaluate each using the B2 Communicator Level assessment criteria

27 IESOL Task Evaluation 2: A Formal Letter Succeed In City & Guilds pg 140/166

28 IESOL Task Evaluation 2: A Formal Letter

29 In groups... Read the task Examine both sample answers Evaluate each using the B2 Communicator Level assessment criteria

30 The EBC Exams Modern written Business English for international communication Ministry of Education the ČR accreditation as a standard language exam for civil servants In-tray simulation, real business cases Reading and writing Results: Fail (less than 60%), Pass (60%+), First Class Pass (75%+)

31 The EBC Exams LevelLength & TasksReading SkillsWriting Skills 1 1 h + 15 min Understanding simple internal and external business communications Write simple, concise letters Write simple memos. Draft faxes 2 2 h + 15 min Understanding internal and external business communications, e.g. memos and letters, written telephone messages, faxes and s. Write concise letters Write memos. Draft faxes. Prepare other documents for business purposes, e.g. circular letters and mailshots, press releases and articles 3 2 h 30 min + 15 min Understanding internal and external business communications. Write concise letters. Write memos. Draft faxes. Draft other documents for business purposes: notices and invitations, speeches, agendas and the minutes of meetings, advertisements and mailshots, press releases, articles and circular letters.

32 The EBC Level 2 (B1-B2) Assessment Criteria CRITERIADESCRIPTIONMARKS layout assessed on 2 questions only (letter and memorandum) 0-4 mechanics grammatical accuracy (4 marks) 0-12 spelling & punctuation (4 marks) tone & fluency (4 marks) content how well the task itself is completed 0-4 fluency = degree of success with which message is conveyed tone = appropriateness of style, register and vocabulary for the purpose of the task First Class Pass +75 %, Pass +60 %, Fail -60%

33 EBC Task Evaluation: A Business Letter

34 EBC Level 2 Practice Paper 1

35 EBC Task Evaluation: A Business Letter

36 EBC Task Evaluation – A Business Letter In groups... Read the task Examine both sample answers Evaluate each using the EBC Level 2 assessment criteria

37 In Conclusion a successful writing ‘product’ is the direct result of a strong writing ‘process’ writing is a productive knowledge of register and form, a structured plan and continual feedback throughout this process good assessment requires strictly defined criteria, consistency of form but also a degree of the assessor’s own instinct The City & Guilds IESOL and EBC materials and practice tests provide a series of thorough, well-structured writing tasks that can make a great addition to your classroom The City & Guilds exams are an efficient way to test and assess your students’ writing skills

38 Do you have any questions? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

39 Thanks very much for your time! Thank you


Download ppt "Fluency on Paper: The Path to Successful Writing Skills Troy Witt ELT Signposts, Brno 11th September 2011."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google