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Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville.

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Presentation on theme: "Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville Paducah Cairo Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur New Madrid Owensboro CWOL 2010 Campaign Summary

2 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville CWOL 2010 Campaign Map Paducah Cairo Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur New Madrid Owensboro

3 Western Department Summer 1862 Kirby Smith, personal friend of Jefferson Davis, has launched is campaign to re-claim Kentucky Union forces are left without a commander as Henry Halleck has just left for Washington DC and his new appointment as Army Chief of Staff Sterling Price moves his Army of the West to northern Mississippi to link up with Earl van Dorn and contest the forces of US Grant and Rosecrans Braxton Bragg, newly appointed commander of the Army of Mississippi, has railed his troops to east Tennessee and marches to join Smith

4 Army of the Ohio -McCook’s Corps Cavalry Brigades Supply Depots Garrisoned Cities EK Smith, Army of KY Unit Legend L. Polk, Army of Miss W. Hardee, Army of Miss S. Price, Army of the West E. van Dorn, Army of West TN W. Breckinridge, Reserve Corps Commodore van Buskirk, River Defense Flotilla Army of the Ohio - Crittenden ‘s Corps Army of the Ohio - “Bull” Nelson’s Wing Army of the Miss - (northern Mississippi) Army of the Tenn - (attached to AotM) Army of the Tenn - (garrisons in W. TN) Army of the Tenn - (Paine’s Division - Nashville TN) Baton Rouge garrison - (detached - Army of the Gulf) Mississippi Flotilla - Commodore Foote CSA Home Guard

5 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville Paducah Cairo Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur New Madrid Owensboro CWOL Setup Scenario Situation – It is August 1862; the CSA counter-offensive in the West has started Union - Union CG has just left to be Union Chief of Staff; Union Armies in West are not tracking CSA forces CSA - CSA has “stolen a march” & has 2x field armies in KY; Van Dorn & Price are starting supporting attacks Historical Unit Placement

6 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville Paducah Cairo Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur New Madrid Owensboro CWOL T2 Situation (T2) – CSA opts to not push North to Frankfort KY; Army of the Ohio pursues blindly Union - Captures Franklin TN w/garrison forces from Nashville CSA - CSA uses T1 & T2 to maneuver west into central KY / District of MS loses a battle outside Corinth MS CSA Moves West

7 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville Paducah Cairo Owensboro Situation – End of T4: CSA shifts into Cumberland River basin / USA pushes into central TN Union captures Elizabethtown KY & Murfreesboro TN CSA captures Bowling Green KY, Dyersburg & Jackson TN (militia) (Militia in Nashville crushed) Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur CWOL T4 CSA takes Bowling Green

8 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville Paducah Cairo Owensboro Situation – End of T6: CSA splits USA in KY / USA masses in south central TN & isolated on TN River Union captures CSA depot in northern Alabama CSA captures Hopkinsville KY/ Militia capture Franklin & Murfreesboro TN Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur CWOL T6 CSA captures Hopkinsville

9 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville Paducah Cairo Owensboro Situation – End of T8: CSA has abandoned Bowling Green & is massing at Nashville / USA at Bowling Green Union captures Bowling Green KY & CSA depot in northern MS / Riverine forces capture Helena AR CSA wins Riverine battle at Vicksburg MS & captures 2 USN vessels; re-captures Somerset KY Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur CWOL T8 USA re-captures BG, takes Helena AR, & raids depot

10 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville Paducah Cairo Owensboro Situation – T10: CSA captures Nashville & pursues USA to Clarksville / USA abandons central & west TN Union trades Nashville for Clarksville; masses troops at Memphis to go south; secures L&N RR (KY) CSA captures Nashville; loses Clarksville after battle; raids into Bluegrass; CSN defeats landing S of Vicksburg Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur CWOL T10 USA abandones Nashville; secures central KY

11 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville Paducah Cairo Owensboro Situation – T12: CSA loses Vicksburg & Nashville; wins major battle (13K USA losses) at Clarksville; penetrates into Indiana; masses troops at Jackson MS / Union captures Vicksburg via Riverine; re-takes Nashville but sufers major defeat at Clarksville (Army of the Ohio is decimated); secures KY but abandons TN except along Cumberland River; losses now exceed 50% of its starting strength Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur CWOL T12 USA captures Nashville & Vicksburg; major CSA victory at Clarksville

12 Vicksburg Jackson MS Natchez Baton Rouge New Orleans Elizabethtown LouisvilleFrankfort Lexington Richmond KY Pikeville Somerset Bowling Green Hopkinsville Paducah Cairo Owensboro Situation – T14: CSA masses forces for final battles at Hopkinsville KY, Nashville TN, & Vicksburg MS; CSA re-captures Nashville & Vicksburg / Union wins a major Riverine battle at Vicksburg sinking a gunboat while losing an ironclad; central KY stays in Union control but KY state capitol at Frankfort is lost; Union forces in central TN are isolated & without supply // Scenario ends: CSA wins due to tactical victories & re-claiming TN Dyersburg Jackson TN Memphis Helena AR Clarksville Nashville Murfreesboro Franklin Chattanooga Corinth Tupelo Florence Huntsville Decatur CWOL T14 CSA re-takes Nashville & Vicksburg, masses at Hopkinsville; USA abandons TN. End campaign.

13 Final Results USA losses: 67,702 men Forces at 41.7% of starting strength CSA losses: 34,093 Forces at 73.2% of starting strength Union Victory Point total was 11,147 CSA Victory Point total was 12,020 Victory Point margin was 873 (12.7%) Union controls Bluegrass region & central KY, Mississippi River to Vicksburg MS. CSA controls Gulf states, Vicksburg MS, & Tennessee except for Memphis


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