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Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) Also known as Vasopressin or Arginine Vasopressin Released by Posterior Pituitary Produced in the Hypothalamus, transported.

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Presentation on theme: "Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) Also known as Vasopressin or Arginine Vasopressin Released by Posterior Pituitary Produced in the Hypothalamus, transported."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) Also known as Vasopressin or Arginine Vasopressin Released by Posterior Pituitary Produced in the Hypothalamus, transported via neurons Peptide Hormone

3 Reabsorption of water from Kidneys. Inhibits diuresis; which is the production of urine

4 Collecting Duct, Distal Tubule Collecting duct with the absence of ADH is not permeable to water

5 Oxytocin Polypeptide Hormone First polypeptide hormone to be sequenced and synthesized Produced and transported from the Hypothalamus to the posterior pituitary.

6 -Uterine Contractions - Milk Release Target: Smooth Muscle Cells Ovaries Target: Mammary Gland (Breast) Notice that Oxytocin is released due to physical factors.

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8 Alveoli stores milk Surrounded by smooth muscle cells, myoepithelial cells.

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10 Prolactin Released and produced in the Anterior Pituitary Release into the bloodstream is inhibited by Dopamine, from the Hypothalamus. Protein Hormone

11 As the baby starts suckling Dopamine is inhibited Increases Prolactin release, from anterior pituitary Oxytocin – Milk release

12 Involved in maturation of mammary glands and milk production Pro + Lactin = Before Milk (Greek) Estrogen also increases the production and secretion of Prolactin into the system

13 Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH) Both Glycoprotein Hormones

14 Both are produced in the anterior pituitary Both target the gonads (Ovaries and Testes) Produced by gonadotropes in the anterior pituitary

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17 Sertoli Cells can release inhibin if too much testosterone is present. This inhibits FSH.

18 Growth Hormone (GH) AKA somatotropin Stimulates the growth of bones and soft tissue. Controls the metabolism of glucose and other fuels Protein Hormone

19 Promotes fat catabolism. Causes cells to switch from burning carbs to burning fat stores. Accelerates rate of glycogen stores in the liver to convert to glucose.

20 How does this help increase blood glucose levels?

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22 Hypothalamus releases Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH) when Insulin-like growth factor is too low. When levels are too high, it signals the hypothalamus to release somatostatin. This inhibits the anterior pituitary from releasing GH, Growth Hormone.

23 Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Glycoprotein Hormone Targets: Thyroid Promotes the release of Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyroxine (T3)

24 Both T4 and T3 Mostly T4 (Thyroxine) T3 (Triiodothyroxine) is the more active form T4 to T3 in Liver

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26 Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) Peptide Hormone Stimulates adrenal cortex to release glucocorticoids (steroids) Example: cortisol

27 Controlled by Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) Once Cortisol is released, it negatively inhibits the hypothalamus from releasing CRH

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