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Geographical investigation

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1 Geographical investigation
A guide to geographical research projects.

2 GI is a form of geographical inquiry consisting of a series of structured tasks where students are required to:  investigate a geographical issue,  plan their research,  gather and analyse data,  construct their geographical interpretations based on data collected, and evaluate and communicate their findings

3 1. Analyse the GI Question 2. Collect Data 3. Analyse and Discuss Data
What is the question? What factors should I be looking at to sufficiently examine my area of concern? 2. Collect Data What kind of data do I need to get? Where can I get those data? How can I get those data? 3. Analyse and Discuss Data Intepret, analyse data collected. Discuss with group and come up with a considered, collective response that can answer the GI question 4. Presenting Data and Reflection Using a suitable presentation method, present and communicate data. Conclusion must answer GI question Reflect on learning and experience Reflect on strengths, limitations, and ways to improve the investigation Come up with foci points to conduct your investigation along (pg 23-24) and/or frame your issue using the DCR or 5W1H approach.

4 Step by step… Interviews and Surveys with people
Conduct fieldwork: Measure the amount of pollutants in the air with a suitable and accessible measurement tool. Back it up with supporting data from secondary sources Air Quality What is the current air quality like in Singapore now? HOW DO PEOPLE FEEL ABOUT THE AIR QUALITY? What is the focus of the investigation? Generate guiding questions (Pg 25). Identify the data needed Choose methods and collect data Analyse and present Data (must answer GI questions!). Reflect Who are affected? Who made it better/worse? HISTORICAL DATA ABOUT AIR QUALITY How should we improve air quality? AIR QUALITY DATA (PRIMARY DATA)

5 Q: How is our gi different from historical inquiry?


7 Uniquely geographical: Fieldwork

8 QUANTITATIVE METHODS: Statistical, uses instruments.
So many different kinds of equipment and data collection methods! QUANTITATIVE METHODS: Statistical, uses instruments. QUALITATIVE METHODS: Descriptive, uses interviews and/or observations, for example. HOW TO KNOW WHAT METHODS TO EMPLOY? THINK ABOUT YOUR GI AND ITS GUIDING QUESTIONS!

9 Fieldwork Techniques - Field Sketching:

10 Fieldwork techniques Labelling: writing down the names of places.
VERSUS Annotating: Names, descriptions, which are focused towards answering a central theme.

11 Taking Photographs

12 Tentative Timeline T3 W3: Start of Project + Brainstorming (GI Session 1) T3 W6 (First lesson): Geography Practice CA T3 W8 (18/8): Sec 1 CA. T3 W5: To have completed first house visit (GI Session 2) T3 W10: Second house visit (GI Session 3) Sept Holidays: Prepare for presentation and submission T4 W1: Presentation of Projects (presentation and poster), submission of individual reflections. T4 W4: Geography Finals

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