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LUBRICANTS Overview. A Bit About Lubricants…..!!!

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Presentation on theme: "LUBRICANTS Overview. A Bit About Lubricants…..!!!"— Presentation transcript:

1 LUBRICANTS Overview

2 A Bit About Lubricants…..!!!

3 How do we get our Product ?

4 How is a Lubricant made? BASE OIL + ADDITIVES FINISHED LUBRICANT

5 BASE OILS Transformer Oil Base Stocks Solvent Neutrals : 75 SM, 100 N,150 N, 500N, 1300 N Bright Stocks : 150 BS Turbine Oil Base Stocks : 150 T & 500 T Pale Oils : 100 IO, 500 IO, 1600 IO Axle Oils Cylinder Oil Base Stocks Naphthenic Base Oils: VG 12 & VG 100

6 Additives Anti Oxidants Anti Wear Agents Detergents Dispersants De-foamers Pour Point Depressants VI Improvers Demulsifiers Extreme Pressure Agents Rust Inhibitor Emulsifier Metal Deactivator Gelling Agent Bactericides

7 Automotive Oils Industrial Oils Greases Specialties Lubricants

8 Engine Oils Gear & Transmission Oils Greases Brake Fluid Radiator Coolant Shock Absorber Oil Automotive Lubricants

9 PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS  VISCOSITY SAE NUMBER SAE NUMBER (10W,20W,30,40 etc) ISO VG NUMBER ISO VG NUMBER (100,150,220,320,460,680,1000 etc)  HARDNESS NLGI NUMBER NLGI NUMBER (1, 2,3 etc) STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS API AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTEAMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE MIL-L U. S MILITARY SPECS BIS INDIAN STANDARDSINDIAN STANDARDS ACEA ASSN DES CONSTRUCTEURS EUROPEENS DE JASO JAPANESE AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS ORG AGMA AMERICAN GEAR MANUFACTURERS ASSN

10 SAE J 300 DEC 99 Low temperature ViscositiesHigh Temp. Viscosities SAE Visco. Grade Cranking (cP), max., at Temp. ( o C ) Pumping (cP), max., with no yield stress at Temp. ( o C ) Kinematic 100 o C min max 150 o C & High Shear 10 6 s -1, min 0W6200(-35)60,000(-40)3.8 5W6600(-30)60,000(-35)3.8 10W7000(-25)60,000(-30)4.1 15W7000(-20)60,000(-25)5.6 20W9500(-15)60,000(-20)5.6 25W13000(-10 )60,000(-15)9.3 Contd…

11 SAE J 300 DEC 99 Low temperature ViscositiesHigh Temp. Viscosities SAE Visco.G rade Cranking (cP), max., at Temp. ( o C ) Pumping (cP), max., with no yield stress at Temp.( o C ) Kinematic 100 o C min max 150 o C & High Shear 10 6 s -1, min < < < (0W-40,5W-40, 10W-40 grades) < (15W-40, 20W- 40, 25W-40, 40 grades) < <

12 Too Thick when cold Viscosity / Temperature Relationship Thick SAE 40 SAE 10W40 SAE 10W Too Thin when hot Increasing Viscosity Thin Winter starting temperature Engine operating temperature 100 o c 0oc0oc

13 WHY USE MULTI-GRADES ? To Avoid Seasonal Oil Changes To Help in Reducing Exhaust Emissions To Reduce Oil Consumption To Help in Cold Starting To Reduce Drain of Battery at Start Possible Savings in Fuel Consumption Upto 2~5% Reduced Engine Wear at Start.

14 SA Oil without additive SB Formerly for Utility Gasoline and Diesel Service under very mild conditions SC Oil with some anti-oxidation & anti- scuff capabilities SD Minimum duty Gasoline engine Service SE Oil providing control of high and low temperature sludge deposit, wear, rust and corrosion in gasoline engines "S" Service Station Classifications

15 SF 1964 to 1967 Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance Service SG Oil providing more protection to engines than API SC grade. SH 1968 to 1971 Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance service SJ Oil providing better control than API SD grade against high temperature sludge deposition, oil oxidation, rust and corrosion gasoline engines.

16 "C" Commercial Fleet Classifications CA Light Duty Diesel Engine Service. Protection from bearing corrosion & ring belt deposits in naturally aspirated diesel engines CB Moderate Duty Diesel Engine Service. Protection from bearing corrosion & from high temperature deposits in normally aspirated diesel engines with high sulfur fuels. CC Moderate to Severe Duty Diesel & certain heavy duty Gasoline engines. Protection from high temperature deposits & bearing corrosion in these diesel engines & also from rust, corrosion & low temperature deposits in Gasoline engines. CD Naturally aspirated, turbocharged or super charged Diesel Engine Service. Highly effective control of wear & deposits when using fuels of a wide quality range, including sulfur fuels. Oil providing protection from bearing corrosion & from high temperature deposits in these diesel engines. CD-II Severe Duty Two stroke Cycle Diesel Engine Service. Oil meets all performance requirements of API CD

17 "C" Commercial Fleet Classifications CE Diesel Engine service for certain turbo-charged or supercharged heavy duty diesel engine operated under both slow speed, high load & high speed, high load conditions. Oil enables controlled oil consumption & oil thickening, formation of deposits on pistons & reduced wear in relation to API CD oil. CF-4 Exceeds requirements of API CE.Improved control on oil consumption and piston deposits and later Diesel Engine Warranty Maintenance Services. CF Service typical of Indirect-injected diesel engines and other diesel engines using broad range of fuel types including high sulfur fuels (over 0.5% by wt.) In existence since CF-2 For severe duty two-stroke diesel engine service. Requires highly effective control on wear and deposits. In existence since Can be used wherever a CD-II type of oil is recommended.

18 "C" Commercial Fleet Classifications CG-4 For use in high-speed four-stroke diesel engines used in both on heavy-duty on-highway (0.05% wt. sulfur fuel) and off-highway (less than 0.05% wt sulfur fuel) Designed to meet 1994 exhaust emission standards. CH-4 Suitable for high-speed, four-stroke diesel engines designed to meet 1998 exhaust emission standards and are specifically compounded for use with diesel fuels ranging in sulfur content up to 0.5% weight. Superior in performance to those meeting API CF-4 and API CG-4 and can effectively lubricate engines calling for those API Service Categories Severe-Duty Diesel Engine Service

19 IS : 1993 TYPEApproximate performance level US Military API CCMC E-PL1 E-PL2 E-PL3 E-DL1 E-DL2 E-DL3 E-DL4 MIL-L-2104B* SC - MIL-L-46152B* SF - MIL-L-46152D SG - MIL-L-2104B* CC - MIL-L-45199B CD - - CD Plus D5

20 Viscosity Classification for Automotive Gear Oils (SAE J 306 MARCH '85) SAE Viscosity Grade Maximum Temp. ( o C) for a Viscosity of 1,50,000 cP Kinematic Viscosity at 100 o C. in cSt. min. max. 70W(-) W(-) W(-) W(-) < <

21 Diesel Engine Oils Petrol Engine Oils Petrol Engine Oils for Cars Petrol Engine Oils for 4 Stroke Bikes Petrol Engine Oils for 4 Stroke Engines4 Stroke Engines ** Petrol Engine Oils for 2 Stroke Engines Engine Oils

22 TYPICAL COMPOSITION OF AN ENGINE OIL Components Base oils Dispersants Detergents Anti-wear Anti-oxidant Pour point depressant Anti-foam Viscosity Improver Quality oil (2 to 4) (1 to 2) (1 to 3) (1) % >70 0 to 7 0 to 3 0 to 2 0 to to %

23 Functions of Engine Oils Permit Easier Starting Lubricate and Prevent Wear Reduce Friction Protect Against Rust and Corrosion Keep Engine Interiors Clean Cool Engine Parts Seal Combustion Products Be Non-Foaming Aid Fuel Economy

24 Petrol Engine Oils for Cars HP Extra Super Motor Oil 20W-40 HP Extra Super Motor Oil 20W-50 HP Cruise 15W-40 HP SJX 15W-40 Petrol Engine Oils for 4 Stroke Bikes HP Racer 4 4 Stroke Engines4 Stroke Engines **2 Stroke Engines Petrol Engine Oils for 2 Stroke Bikes/Scooters/Auto HP Racer 2 HP Sundari Petrol Engine Oils

25 PETROL ENGINE OILS 1

26 ENGINE OIL FOR CARS 1

27 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Outstanding engine cleanliness Excellent oxidation stability Improved wear protection Extended engine life Improved fuel economy All the year round protection Compatible with catalytic converter APPLICATION AREAS Engine oil for all passenger cars SPECIFICATION API SF/CC, MIL-L-46152B & E-PL2/E-DL1 of IS: HP EXTRA SUPER MOTOR OIL 20W-40 1

28 HP Cruise 15W-40 SPECIFICATIONS: API SG/CD, MIL-L-46152D, E-PL3/E-DL 2 OF IS:13656:1993 APPLICATIONS: ENGINE OIL FOR ALL NEW GENERATION AS WELL AS ALL EXISTING CARS 1

29 DIESEL ENGINEDIESEL ENGINE OILS

30 HP Milcy Power HYLUBE LL 15W-40 HP Milcy Toofan HYLUBE EXTRA 20W-40 HP Milcy Super HP Milcy 30, 40 Hylube X-3 10W, 30, 40 Hylube HDX Multi Grade 20W-40 HP Supertrak 20W-40 HP Tractor Oil HP Pump Set Oil Diesel Engine Oils

31 API CC -HYLUBE HDX MULTIGRADE 20W-40 API CD -HYLUBE MILCY 30, 40, 50, 20W-40 -HYLUBE X-3 10W, 30, 40, MILCY SUPER - HYLUBE EXTRA 20W-40 API CE/CF-4 - HP MILCY POWER, HP MILCY TOOFAN - HYLUBE LL 15W-40 MB HYLUBE SHP 15W-40 API CH-4 -HP DIESELINO LOW OIL CONSUMPTION LONG DRAIN PERIOD LONGER ENGINE DURABILITY MAJOR DRIVING FORCES LOW EMISSION

32 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : Excellent engine protection under high temperature operation Good engine start up under cold conditions Better all-round performance APPLICATION AREAS All four stroke diesel engines for round the year operation SPECIFICATION API CC/SC, MIL-L-2104B & E-DL1/E-PL1 of IS: HYLUBE HDX MULTIGRADE 20W-40 1

33 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Maintain excellent engine cleanliness Provides sufficient control on sludge & corrosive wear Possess excellent oxidation stability APPLICATION AREAS Super charged diesel engines service typical in earthmoving and construction equipment, X-3 10W can be used as an hydraulic fluid in Caterpillar transmissions SPECIFICATION API CD & MIL-L-45199B & E-DL2 of IS: HYLUBE X-3 10W, 30, 40 1

34 HYLUBE MILCY PUNCH LINES  IDEAL DIESEL ENGINE OIL TAILORED ACCORDING TO INDIAN CONDITIONS  LESS OIL THICKENING  EXCELLENT TBN RETENTION  LONGER DRAIN MACK T-7 1

35 ADDITIONAL ADVANTAGES OF MULTIGRADES  TO AVOID SEASONAL OIL CHANGES  TO HELP IN REDUCING EXHAUST EMISSIONS  TO REDUCE OIL CONSUMPTION  TO HELP IN COLD STARTING  TO REDUCE DRAIN OF BATTERY AT START  POSSIBLE SAVINGS IN FUEL CONSUMPTION UPTO 2~5%  REDUCED ENGINE WEAR AT START. HYLUBE MILCY HP MILCY SUPER 1

36 APPLICATION AREAS Heavy duty diesel engine oil for both naturally aspirated & supercharged engines SPECIFICATION API CD/SF & MIL-L-2104C+Mack T-7 EDL-3 of IS: PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : Extended TBN Quality reserves Prevents oil thickening and enhances oil life Possess absolute control of corrosive wear. Excellent thermal & oxidation stability Superior diesel engine Protection for prolonged engine life Enhanced drain period Outstanding engine cleanliness HYLUBE MILCY 30, 40 & HP MILCY SUPER 1

37 APPLICATION AREAS Heavy duty diesel engine oil for both naturally aspirated & supercharged engines SPECIFICATION API CD/SF & MIL-L-2104C+Mack T-7 EDL-3 of IS: PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : Extended TBN Quality reserves Prevents oil thickening and enhances oil life Possess absolute control of corrosive wear. Excellent thermal & oxidation stability Superior diesel engine Protection for prolonged engine life Enhanced drain period Outstanding engine cleanliness HYLUBE EXTRA 20W-40 1

38 APPLICATION AREAS For turbo charged and super-charged heavy duty diesel engines fitted in both on and off highway services. Recommended for DG sets and Earthmoving equipment as well. SPECIFICATION API CF-4, MIL-L 2104E,MB 228.1,CCMC D4 & E-DL3 of IS: PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Superior engine deposit control Minimize ring sticking & liner wear. Extended TBN quality reserves. Reduce oil consumption & better fuel economy Prolonged engine life. Suitable for wide temperatures range. Minimum insoluble build up Excellent soot & sludge control HP MILCY POWER 1

39 APPLICATION AREAS For turbo charged and super-charged heavy duty diesel engines fitted in both on and off highway services. Recommended for DG sets and Earthmoving equipment as well. SPECIFICATION API CF-4, E-DL3 of IS: HP MILCY TOOFAN PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Superior engine deposit control Minimize ring sticking & liner wear. Extended TBN quality reserves. Reduce oil consumption & better fuel economy Prolonged engine life. Suitable for wide temperatures range. Minimum insoluble build up Excellent soot & sludge control 1

40 APPLICATION AREAS For turbo charged and super-charged heavy duty diesel engines fitted in both on and off highway services. Recommended for DG sets and Earthmoving equipment as well. SPECIFICATION API CF-4, E-DL3 of IS: HYLUBE LL 15W-40 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Superior engine deposit control Minimize ring sticking & liner wear. Extended TBN quality reserves. Reduce oil consumption & better fuel economy Prolonged engine life. Suitable for wide temperatures range. Minimum insoluble build up Excellent soot & sludge control 1

41 HYLUBE SHP 15W-40 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Excellent Thermal & Oxidation Stability Outstanding Viscosity Related Performance Longer Drain Period APPLICATIONS: All types of Heavy Duty Diesel Powered Engines, High Speed DG Sets Specially meant for Volvo Penta DG Sets SPECIFICATIONS: MB 228.3, CCMC D5, E-DL4 of IS:13656:1993 1

42 Rail Road Engine Oils 1

43 No generally accepted tests exists Each Engine Builders has its own preferences based on Field Experiences Approval requires proven quality in extensive road trials Common Rail Road Engine Oils are API CD type or better with mono/ multi-grade visco-matrix. Zinc content in oil may be limited to avoid engine component damage 1

44 Rail Road Engine Oils LMOA Classification 1 DesignationDispersant LevelDetergent Level Generation 1Nil4 – 5 Generation 2Moderate7 Generation 3Moderate10 Generation 4High13 Generation 5High13 or more  Allow drains of 180 days min for low consuming engines averaging 10,000 miles per month or consuming fuel(0.3 – 0.5% 20,000 Gallons per month  Pass OEM oxidation, corrosion & Friction Tests  Pass OEM Engine test requirements  Pass OEM Field test requirements

45 Rail Road Engine Oils 1 TypeOEMHPCL OIL Generation 1- Generation 2- Generation 3- Generation 4 ALCO / DLW - EMD,GE & ALCO - HP Rail Road Oil 613 HP Rail Road Oil 713 Generation 5 EMD,GE & ALCO - EMD - HP Rail Road Oil 813M HP Rail Road Oil 817M

46 HP RAIL ROAD OIL 813M SPECIAL FEATURES Generation 5 Zinc-free (less tha 10 ppm) Multigrade crankcase oil for all locomotives including EMD,GE & ALCO SPECIFICATIONS Meets API CF & LMOA Generation V PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Fuel Economy Reduced Lube Oil Consumption Cleaner Engines & Lesser Wear. 1

47 HP RAIL ROAD OIL 817M SPECIAL FEATURES Generation 5 Zincfree (less than 10 ppm) Multi-grade crankcase oil EMD locomotives SPECIFICATIONS Meets API CF & LMOA Generation V PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Fuel Economy Reduced Lube Oil Consumption Cleaner Engines & Lesser Wear. 1

48 GEAR OILS

49 AUTOMOTIVE GEAR OILS Provide Lubrication To the Gear Teeth Reduce Effects of Friction Act as a Silencer Carry Away Frictional Heat

50 SPECIAL FEATURES Multipurpose Gear oil containing extreme pressure additives for moderate service conditions SPECIFICATIONS API GL-4, MIL-L-2105 & EP Type GL-4 Level of IS:1118:1992 APPLICATION AREAS Hypoid gears & manual transmissions of automobiles requiring this type of extreme pressure oils PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Excellent thermal & chemical stability Protection against rust & corrosion ensuring longer trouble free protection HP GEAR OIL EP 80, 90, 140

51 SPECIAL FEATURES: Multipurpose Gear oil containing extreme pressure additives for moderate as well as severe condition service SPECIFICATIONS: API GL-5, MIL-L-2105B EP Type GL-5 Level of IS:1118:1992 APPLICATION AREAS Hypoid Differential & Drive axles Manual transmissions of Automobiles PERFORMANCE BENEFITS: Excellent thermal & chemical stability Protection against rust & corrosion ensuring longer trouble free protection Good performance even under extreme pressure & varying load conditions HP GEAR OIL XP 80W, 90, 140

52 SPECIAL FEATURES Multipurpose Gear oil containing extreme pressure additives for moderate as well as severe condition service SPECIFICATIONS API GL-5, MIL-L-2105C/D EP Type GL-5 Level of IS:1118:1992 APPLICATION AREAS Hypoid Differential & Drive axles Manual transmissions of Automobiles PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Excellent thermal & chemical stability Protection against rust & corrosion ensuring longer trouble free protection Good performance even under extreme pressure & varying load conditions HP GEAR OIL XP 80W-90

53 AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUIDS

54 AUTOMOTIVE TRANSMISSIONS MANUALSEMI-AUTOMATIC AUTOMATIC PASSENGER CAR- MANUAL TRANSMISSIONS SYNCHROMESH GEAR BOXES POWER SHIFT TRANSMISSIONS TORQUE CONVERTERS PASSENGER CAR-AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSIONS

55 HP AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FLUID SPECIFICATIONS: GENERAL MOTORS TYPE A SUFFIX, TYPE C-3 OF DETROIT DIESEL ALLISION APPLICATIONS: IN AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSIONS,POWER STEERING UNITS,SYNCHROMESH GEAR BOXES OF AUTOMOBILES AND TRUCKS RECOMMENDING TYPE A SUFFIX A FLUIDS

56 HP ATF DEX II SPECIFICATIONS: 6137 M-DEXRON II,GM USA APPLICATIONS: IN AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSIONS,POWER STEERING UNITS OF AUTOMOBILES AND OTHER LCVs RECOMMENDING THE ABOVE SPECIFICATIONS

57 HYDRAULIC TRANSMISSION FLUIDS

58 HP POWERGLIDE C-410,C-430 Specifications: ALLISON C-4 TYPE Applications : All Commercial Power-shift Transmissions, Industrial Torque Converters & Automatic Transmissions Manufactured by Detroit Diesel Allison

59 HP POWERGLIDE C-310,C-330 Specifications: ALLISON C-3 TYPE Applications : All Commercial Power-shift Transmissions, Industrial Torque Converters & Automatic Transmissions Manufactured by Detroit Diesel Allison

60 Special Features: Special Purpose Anti-wear Hydraulic Oils having Very High Viscosity Index and Very Low Pour Point Applications: Recommended for Low Operating Temperature Conditions and High Shear Stability Approved By: M/S Telco for Tata Hitachi Excavators HP POWER FLUID TH 46

61 HP POWER FLUID LTP 100 Special Features: Special Purpose Anti-wear Hydraulic Oils having Very High Viscosity Index and Very Low Pour Point Applications: Recommended For Modern Hydraulic Systems Used In Excavators Approved By: M/S L & T For Poclain Excavators

62 AUTOMOTIVE COOLANT  EFFECTIVE HEAT EXCHANGE FLUID  CAPABLE OF PROVIDING FREEZING AND BOILING PROTECTION  PROTECTION OF METALS AGAINST CORROSION  COMPATIBILITY WITH PLASTIC AND ELASTOMERS  CHEMICALLY STABLE AT HIGH AND LOW TEMPERATURES  COMPATIBLE WITH HARD WATER  LOW FOAMING  ECOLOGICALLY AND TOXICOLOGICALLY ACCEPTABLE

63 SPECIAL FEATURES Ready to use Radiator Coolant with Anti Freeze & Anti Corrosive Properties SPECIFICATIONS: Meets JIS K 2234 of 1994 APPLICATION AREAS: All Diesel Vehicles,Passenger cars,Jeeps,Vans & Tempos COMPOSITION 30 % Concentration PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : Effective Cooling Good Chemical Stability Excellent Protection against Rust & Corrosion HP THANDA RAJA

64 SPECIAL FEATURES Radiator Coolant SPECIFICATIONS: Meets JIS K 2234 of 1994 APPLICATION AREAS: All Diesel Vehicles,Passenger cars,Jeeps,Vans & Tempos COMPOSITION 100 % Concentration PERFORMANCE BENEFITS : Easy miscibility with water Effective Cooling Good Chemical Stability High Boiling Point & Low Freezing point Protect radiator against rust & corrosion HP KOOLGARD

65 BRAKE OIL

66 Brake System

67 Mineral oil affects all these types of rubber hence brake fluid is not made with use of mineral oil. Similarly vegetable oils deteriorate faster at high temperature and cause safety risk, hence not used in modern vehicles. Mixture of castor oil and alcohol, glycols and poly-glycols are used to produce different types of brake fluids. AUTOMOTIVE BRAKE FLUIDS

68 SPECIAL FEATURES Superior Quality Synthetic Fluid meant for the hydraulic brakes of Automobiles. SPECIFICATIONS Meets U S Dept. of Transportation’s stringent specification FMVSS 116 DOT 3. It also meets IS:8654:1986 & SAE J 1703F specifications APPLICATIONS All Automobiles having hydraulic brakes PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Exceptional Thermal Stability Excellent Chemical Stability Good water tolerance Good Fluidity at Low temperatures HP SUPER DUTY BRAKE FLUID DOT-3

69 SPECIAL FEATURES Superior Quality Synthetic Fluid meant for the hydraulic brakes of Automobiles. SPECIFICATIONS Meets U S Dept. of Transportation’s stringent specification FMVSS 116 DOT 4. It also meets IS:8654:1986 & SAE J 1703F specifications APPLICATIONS All Automobiles having hydraulic brakes PERFORMANCE BENEFITS Exceptional Thermal Stability Excellent Chemical Stability Excellent water tolerance Good Fluidity at Low temperatures HP SUPER DUTY BRAKE FLUID DOT-4

70 GREASES

71 Grease is defined as a solid or semi- fluid product which is a dispersion of a thickening agent in a liquid lubricant along with some additives.

72 GREASES COMPOSITION BASE OIL + THICKENER + ADDITIVES ( 75-85%) ( %) ( 0-5%) MINERAL SYNTHETIC VEGETABLE SOAP BASE NON-SOAP POLYMERS ANTI-OXIDANT ANTI-CORROSION EP/ANTI-WEAR TACKINESS AGENT SOLID FILLER METAL DEACTIVATOR STRUCTURE MODIFIER

73 Why use a Grease? Grease offers unique characteristics which makes it particularly useful in machine elements Stay where it is put Allows unattended service for long periods (sealed for life) Requires less frequent application for areas of poor accessibility Seals out contaminants Operate over a wide temperature range Solid additives can be used without concern of settling out Low leakage means they are effective in worn equipment

74 Advantages over Oil Grease stays in place because of semisolid nature whereas oils flow away Bearing designs simplified and maintenance work reduced as there is no oil pump/sump For long time or packed for life applications grease is preferred e.g.. electric motors, wheel bearings of new generation passenger cars, etc. Grease works as a sealant in - Dusty environment, cement plants, mining industries etc. Corrosive water in paper mills Corrosive gases/liquids in chemical industries.

75 Advantages over Oil  SOLID LUBRICANTS LIKE MoS 2 AND GRAPHITE CAN BE BLENDED WITH GREASES WHEREAS IN OILS THEY SETTLE DOWN.  DRIPPING AND SPATTERING ARE AVOIDED BY USING GREASE IN APPLICATIONS LIKE FOOD PROCESSING/ PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRIES  GREASES ARE PREFERRED IN INTERMITTENT OPERATIONS.  GREASES WORK EVEN IN BADLY WORN/ OLD MACHINERY

76 25 O C, after working 60 strokes. NLGI CLASSIFICATION OF GREASES National Lubricating Grease Institute NLGI NumberWorked Penetration – – – – – – – –

77 Sodium BasedCalcium Based Lithium Base Non-Soap / Synthetic Greases

78 PERFORMANCE BENEFITS:  Excellent water resistance.  Lasting qualities in spring shackles and steering connections.  Acts as protective layer on exposed parts.  Easily pumpable.  Clings to bearing surfaces DESCRIPTION Premium quality calcium soap grease APPLICATION AREAS Designed for general chassis lubrication. Also recommended for the lubrication of track rollers and Idlers of certain crawler type tractors. HP CHASSIS GREASE

79 DESCRIPTION Premium quality multipurpose grease suitable for all classes of service. APPLICATION AREAS Recommended for all classes of service in automotive lubrication. Wheel bearings, Chassis fittings Grease cups, Grease lubricated type universal joints & also Water pumps bearings. PERFORMANCE BENEFITS:  High drop point.  Good thermal & resistance to oxidation.  Protection against rusting & corrosion HP MULTIPURPOSE GREASE 2 & 3

80 Premium quality Lithium Soap Based multipurpose grease Meets / Exceeds: IS: grade 2 & 3 (for Lithon 2 & 3), IPSS: IS: 7623 – 1985 grade 1EP & 2EP (for Lithon EP 1 & 2), IPSS:  High drop point  Good thermal & resistance to oxidation.  Protection against rusting & corrosion  High Load Carrying Ability  Good tolerance to water washing NLGI Grades : Lithon 2, 3. Lithon EP 1, 2, Lithon M 2 Lithon, Lithon M & Lithon EP Grades

81 Premium quality Lithium Complex grease  Very High drop point  Excellent thermal & resistance to oxidation.  Protection against rusting & corrosion  High Load Carrying Ability Work satisfactorily upto a operating temp. of 190 o C NLGI Grades : Lithoplex 2, 3 Lithoplex Grades

82 Premium quality Clay thickened grease Meets / Exceeds: IS: grade 3 & IPSS: (Tisona M2)  Very High drop point  Excellent thermal & resistance to oxidation.  Protection against rusting & corrosion  High Load Carrying Ability Work satisfactorily upto a operating temp. of 190 o C NLGI Grades : Lithoplex 2, 3 Tisona & Tisona M Grades

83 Premium quality Calcium Complex grease  Very High drop point  Inherent anti-wear & anti-fretting properties  Protection against rust & corrosion  Suitable for Dry as well as wet conditions NLGI Grades : Limaplex 0, 1, 2 Limaplex Grades

84 DESCRIPTION Sodium based premium quality grease APPLICATION AREAS Lubrication of universal joints, wheel bearings, High temperature clutch release, Generator and Fan bearings. PERFORMANCE BENEFITS:  Trouble free long service  Good structural stability under high temperature of centrifugal force.  Easily pumpable.  Does not channel when cold. HP WHEEL BEARING GREASE

85 LITHON RR-3 Premium Quality Lithium Based Grease Meets /Exceeds:  IS:7623:1985  AAR M-942 (Modified)  WD -17 of Indian Railway APPLICATIONS: Anti-friction bearings of Railway Axle Boxes, Heavy duty Wheel bearing of road transport vehicles, diesel/electric locomotive roller bearings, construction machinery, cranes, blowers and electric motor

86 ISO VG Classification for Industrial Oils Kinematic 40 o C, cSt ISO VG Grade Mid Point Visco MinMaxISO VG Grade Mid Point Visco MinMax

87 Turbine Oils Gear Oils Cylinder Oils Wire Rope & Open Gear Compounds Sugar Mill Bearing Oils Spindle Oils Industrial Oils Hydraulic & Circulating Oils Tool-way Oils Refrigeration Oils Pneumatic Oils Compressor Oils General Purpose Machinery Oils Storage

88 Hydraulic & Circulating Oils

89 Hydraulic Oils ISO Categories Mineral Oil Base 1. H : Rust & Oxidation Inhibitated 2. HL : Moderate Anti-wear 3. HLP : Superior Anti- Wear Fire Resistant  HF-A : High Water Content  HF-B : Invert Emulsion  HF-C : Water Glycols  HF-D : Fully Synthetic  Phosphate Ester  Polyol Esters

90 Hydraulic & Circulating Oils  Enklo HL 32  Enklo HL 46  Enklo HL 68  Enklo HL 100  Enklo 32  Enklo 46  Enklo 68  Enklo 100  Enklo 150  Enklo 220  Enklo 320  Enklo 460  Enklo HLP 32  Enklo HLP 46  Enklo HLP 68  Enklo HLP T 32  Enklo HLP T 46  Enklo HLP T 68  Enklo HLP T 100

91 Enklo Grades  Premium Quality Anti-wear Hydraulic Oils (VG 32 to 150) & Circulating Oils (VG 220 to 460)  Meets/Exceeds:  IS: (Re-affirmed 1993)  USS 127  IPSS:  Passes Vickers V-104 C Vane Pump Test  ISO H & HL  Provide Good Anti-wear Protection  Good thermal & Oxidation Stability  Good Demulsibility  Excellent Rust & Corrosion Protection  Viscosity Grades : 32, 46, 68, 100, 150, 176, 220, 320, 460

92 Enklo HL Grades  Good Quality Hydraulic Oils  Meets/Exceeds:  IS: (Re-affirmed 1993)  DIN Part I*  USS 135  Cincinnati Milacron P-38, P-54, P-55, P-57  ISO HL  Provide Moderate Anti-wear Protection  Good thermal & Oxidation Stability  Good Demulsibility  Excellent Rust & Corrosion Protection  Viscosity Grades : 32, 46, 68, 100

93 Enklo HLP Grades  Special Purpose Anti-wear Hydraulic Oils  Meets/Exceeds:  IS: & (Re-affirmed 1993)  DIN Part II, Denison HF-0 & HF-2, USS 127, Cincinnati Milacron P-68, P-69, P-70, ISO HLP, Passes Vickers Vane Pump test  Provide Excellent Anti-wear Protection  Excellent thermal, Oxidation & Hydraulitic Stability & Demulsibilty  Excellent Rust & Corrosion Protection  High FZG Rating  Viscosity Grades : 22, 32, 46, 68

94 Enklo HLP T Grades  Super Premium Anti-wear Hydraulic Oils  Meets/Exceeds:  IS: & (Re-affirmed 1993)  DIN Part II, Denison HF-0 & HF-2, USS 127, Cincinnati Milacron P-68, P-70, ISO HLP  Provide Excellent Anti-wear Protection  Excellent thermal, Oxidation & Hydrolytic Stability & Demulsibilty  Excellent Rust & Corrosion Protection  High FZG Rating

95 Fire Resistant Hydraulic Fluids  Enklo FRIE 68  Enklo FRIE 100  Enklo FRIE 150  Enklo FRWG 22  Enklo FRWG 46  Enklo FRWG 68

96 Enklo FRIE Premium Quality Fire Resistant Hydraulic Oils Meets/Exceeds:  IS: (Part II)  ISO HF-B Approved  Denison HF-3 for Invert Emulsion  Superior Wear Protection than HF-A Fluids  Bactericide to resist objectionable odor  Good thermal & Oxidation Stability  Very Good Rust Protection About 39% Water Content Operating Temperature Range 5 – 60 o C Water Level Maintenance Essential Viscosity Grades : 68, 100, 150

97 Enklo FRWG Premium Quality Fire Resistant Hydraulic Oils Meets/Exceeds:  IS: (Part III)  ISO HF-C Approved  Denison HF-4 for Water Glycol  Superior Wear Protection  Outstanding Low temperature Properties  Bactericide to resist objectionable odor  Excellent Rust Protection Operating Pressure 2,000 psi Operating Temperature Range - 20 to 60 o C Water Level Maintenance Essential Viscosity Grades : 22, 46, 68

98 Enklo FRPE Premium Quality Fire Resistant Hydraulic Oils Meets/Exceeds:  ISO HF-D Approved for Polyol Ester type  Less Hazardous Fluid  Excellent Wear Protection  High Viscosity Index  Very Good Corrosion Protection Compatible with components designed for Mineral based Hydraulic System Viscosity Grades : 32, 46, 68

99 Machine Toolway Oils

100 Waylube & Waylube N Grades  Premium Quality Machine Toolway Oils to overcome the stick-slip motion ordinarily associated with slow moving machine parts  WAYLUBE N 68 is a combined hydraulic and machine toolway lubricant  Good thermal & Oxidation Stability  Provide mild EP Protection  Good Demulsibility  Excellent Rust & Corrosion Protection  Viscosity Grades : 68, N 68, 220

101 Turbine Oils

102 Turbinol Grades Premium Quality Turbine Oils Meets/Exceeds:  IS : 1012 – 1987 (Re-affirmed 1993), BS: 489 – 1983, Siemens TLV  Excellent Thermal & Oxidation Stability  Excellent Demulsibility & Anti Foam Characteristics  Very Good Rust & Corrosion Protection Approved by all Major Turbine manufacturers viz. BHEL, GE, DLF, APE Bellis India ltd., Triveni Engineering, GEC Alsthom Viscosity Grades : 32, 46, 57, 68, 77

103 Turbinol XT Grades Premium Quality Turbine Oils Meets/Exceeds:  IS : 1012 – 1987 (Re-affirmed 1993), Brown Boveri HTGD 90117, Siemens TLV  Excellent Thermal & Oxidation Stability  Excellent Anti-wear Properties for Geared Turbine  Excellent Demulsibility & Anti Foam Characteristics  Very Good Rust & Corrosion Protection Higher FZG Rating making it particularly suitable for Geared Turbines Approved by all Major Turbine manufacturers viz. BHEL & Siemens for their Geared Turbogenerators Viscosity Grades : 32, 46, 68

104 Industrial Gear Oils

105 Parthan EP Grades Premium Quality Extreme Pressure Gear Oils Meets/Exceeds:  IS : 8406 –1993, DIN Part III, IPSS , USS 224, Cincinnati Milacron P-63, P-77, P-57, P-35, AGMA  Excellent Thermal & Oxidation Stability  Unmatched Extreme Pressure Properties (FZG 12 Stage Pass) to make it suitable for Heavy duty Gear Box Oil  Excellent Demulsibility & Anti Foam Characteristics  Sulphur-Phosphorus based EP Agent in place of lead, thus avoid carcinogenic effects  Very Good Rust & Corrosion Protection  Non-Corrosive to Copper & Copper Alloys Dependable Performance upto 110 o C (max.) Operating Temp. Approved by all Major manufacturers like FMG, Shanti Gear Box, ABB-ABL etc. Viscosity Grades : 68, 100, 150, 220, 257, 320, 460, 680, 1000

106 Cyndol & Cyndol TC Grades Premium Quality Steam Cylinder Oils Meets/Exceeds:  IPSS : (TC Grades)  Excellent Oiliness & Film Strength (to counter washing effect of moisture)  Cyndol grades are suitable in Super Heated Steam conditions  Cyndol grades are used in Oil Tempering & Wire Drawing Applications  TC grades are particularly suitable for Steam Cylinders operating under wet saturated steam  TC grades are also most suitable for Worm Reduction Gear Boxes, Calendar Bearings, Sugar Mill Roller Bearings etc. Viscosity Grades : Cyndol 680, 1000, Cyndol TC 460,530, 680

107 Hytak Grades First Quality Open Gear / Wire Rope Compounds  Meets / Exceeds:  IS : 9554 – 1980 grade 2, 3, 4 (for Hytak 1, 2, 5)  Possess pronounced stinginess & tackiness to cling on to the Gear tooth Surface  Excellent Film Strength to withstand high loads at low rpm  Good Rust Preventive Characteristics Hytak F grades possess a non-flammable solvent for easy application Grades: Hytak 0, 1, 2, 5 Hytak F4, F5

108 Spindle Oils

109 Spintek Grades  Premium Quality high speed Spindle Oils  Meant for Lubrication of :  Textile and Machine Tools, Spindle Bearings, Timing Gears, Centrifugal Separators, Positive Displacement Blowers and Hydraulic Systems of Certain High Precision Machine Tools  Provide Good Anti-wear Protection  Good thermal & Oxidation Stability  Good Demulsibility  Low Fluid Friction  Excellent Rust & Corrosion Protection  Viscosity Grades : 5, 12, 15, 22

110 Spintek EE Grades  Premium Quality high speed Energy Efficient Spindle Oils specially developed for ring frames  Evaluation at Ahmedabad Textile Industry Research Association (ATIRA)shows that a possible power saving of 5-10%  Meant for Lubrication of :  Textile and Machine Tools, Spindle Bearings, Timing Gears, Centrifugal Separators, Positive Displacement Blowers and Hydraulic Systems of Certain High Precision Machine Tools  Provide Good Anti-wear Protection  Good thermal & Oxidation Stability  Good Demulsibility  Low Fluid Friction  Excellent Rust & Corrosion Protection  Viscosity Grades : 12 & 22

111 Compressor Oils

112  Hycom C 100  Hycom C 150  Hycom C 220  Hycom C 320  Hycom 32  Hycom 46  Hycom 68  Hycom 100  Hycom 150  Hycom NH 32  Hycom NH 46  Hycom NH 57  Hycom VDL T 32  Hycom VDL T 46  Hycom VDL T 68  Hycom VDL T 100  Hycom VDL T 150  Hycom VDL T 220  Hycom VDL T 320

113 Hycom C Grades Premium Quality Air Compressor Oils Meets/Exceeds:  DIN  Fortified Anti-rust & Anti Corrosion Properties  Good Low Temperature Fluidity  Hycom C Grades are particularly suitable for Air Compressors handling Moist Air

114 Hycom NH Grades Premium Quality Air/Gas Compressor Oils Meets/Exceeds:  DIN VD-L  Fortified Anti-rust & Anti Corrosion Properties  Good Low Temperature Fluidity  Non-reacting to most of the known gases  Hycom NH Grades are particularly suitable for Ammonia & Synthetic Gas Compressors

115 Hycom Grades Premium Quality Air Compressor Oils Meets/Exceeds:  DIN VC-L  DIN Part I  Pneurop Oxidation Test (without Catalyst)  Fortified Anti-Wear, Anti-rust & Anti Corrosion Properties  Good Low Temperature Fluidity Hycom Grades are particularly suitable for Air Compressors upto air discharge temperature of 220 o C in Reciprocating/Rotary / Screw Compressors Also used as Vacuum Pump Oil

116 Hycom VDL T Grades Super Premium Quality Air Compressor Oils Meets/Exceeds:  DIN VD-L  DIN Part II  Pneurop Oxidation Test (with Catalyst)  ISO DIS 6521  Sperry Vickers I-286-S, AFNOR NFE 48603(HM)  Cincinnati Milacron P-68, P-69, P-70  Excellent Anti-Wear, Anti-rust & Anti Corrosion Properties  Good Low Temperature Fluidity  Good Anti-Foam Characteristics Hycom Grades are particularly suitable for Air Compressors upto air discharge temperature of 250 o C in Reciprocating/Rotary / Screw Compressors

117 Refrigeration Compressor Oils

118 Seetul & Seetul N Grades Premium Quality Refrigeration Compressor Oils Meets/Exceeds:  IS :  Very low Pour & Freon Floc Point  High Di-electric Strength  Excellent Low Temperature Fluidity  Seetul N Grades are particularly suitable for Hermetically packed compressors Suitable for most of the conventional refrigerants except SO 2 Viscosity Grades : 15, 22, 32, 46, 68, 100, N32, N68

119 Numatic Grades Premium Quality Pneumatic Oils  High load bearing characteristics  Good adhesiveness & Demulsibility  Good Anti-Rust Properties Viscosity Grades : 100, 220

120 Quenching Oils Rolling Oils Moulding Oils Textile Oils Heat Transfer Fluids Spray Oils Industrial Specialties Rubber Oils Metal Drawing Compounds Conveyor Compounds Rust Preventives Metal Cutting Fluids

121 Thermic Fluids

122 Hytherm 500  Excellent oxidation & chemical stability  Good heat transfer properties.  Low volatility  Non-corrosive and non toxic  recommended in service upto a maximum bulk temp. of 290°C

123 Hytherm 600  Ability to withstand higher temperature upto 310°C  Increased life, reduced oxidation and thermal degradation  Minimal fouling and deposit formation on heat transfer surface. Hence sustained heat transfer characteristics

124 Metal Cutting Fluids

125  Soluble Cutting Fluids  Koolkut 30  Koolkut 40  Koolkut 60  Koolkut EP 66  Semi-synthetic Fluids  Koolkut 70  Synthkool 100  Straight Cutting Fluids  Trimofin 14  Trimofin 15  Trimofin 16  Trimofin 18  Trimofin 54  Trimofin 55  Trimofin 56  Trimofin 58 Trimofin 20 Trimofin 21 Trimofin 23 Trimofin 25 Trimofin 26 Trimofin 27

126 KOOLKUT 40  A premium quality emulsifiable cutting oil  Meets BIS specification 1115 – 1986  Recommended for all machining operations requiring emulsifiable fluids  offers excellent cooling and rust protection.

127 Power : A New Generation Petrol

128 Branded Fuels

129 Why does your Car engine performance lowers with age ? 1. Deposits in Fuel Injectors:  Poor Ignition  Reduced Acceleration  Rough Idling 2. Deposits on intake Valves:  Restricts Air flow (affects fuel economy)  Power Output  Driving comfort 3. Carbon Deposits in Combustion Chamber:  Leads to ORI (Octane Requirement Increase)  High Engine Oil Consumption

130 Power : A new generation Petrol  Advantages:  Removes deposits on Intake Valves, Port Fuel Injectors and Combustion Chamber  Promotes better Fuel Combustion  Benefits:  Better Power and Acceleration  Enhanced Fuel Economy  Reduced Emission  Longer Engine Life Best Choice for New Generation MPFI Cars. However, Carburated Engines would also derive considerable benefits. 2

131 MPFI System

132 Port Fuel Injector

133 2

134 Electronic Control Unit (ECU) for MPFI System 1.Mass Airflow Sensor 2.Throttle Position Sensor 3.Oxygen Sensor(s) 4.Coolant Temperature Sensor 5.Voltage Sensor 6.Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor 7.Engine Speed Sensor 2

135 Turbojet : A New Generation Diesel

136 Why does your Diesel engine performance lowers with age ?Diesel engine Modern Designs to improve  Power/Weight Ratio  Fuel Economy  Emission Controls Demands  High Pressure Fuel Injection  Higher Compression Ratios  Turbo-charged engine Resulting  Fuel Pump Wear (getting aggravated with emulsion with water & foaming of Diesel)  Increased Deposits in Fuel Injectors  Fuel Injector Wear

137 And what happens next ?  Unstable Idling  Loss of Power  Increased Emissions  Diesel Dilution of Crankcase Oil  Increased Maintenance

138 Turbojet : A new generation Diesel  Advantages:  Keeps Fuel Injectors Clean  Protects Fuel Handling system against corrosion  Reduces Diesel Foaming and emulsion with water  Benefits:  Better Power  Reduced Maintenance  No unstable idling  Reduced Emission  Longer Engine Life 2

139


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