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# Tutorial: Obchodní akademie Topic: References Prepared by : Mgr. Zdeněk Hrdina Projekt Anglicky v odborných předmětech, CZ.1.07/1.3.09/04.0002 je spolufinancován.

## Presentation on theme: "Tutorial: Obchodní akademie Topic: References Prepared by : Mgr. Zdeněk Hrdina Projekt Anglicky v odborných předmětech, CZ.1.07/1.3.09/04.0002 je spolufinancován."— Presentation transcript:

Tutorial: Obchodní akademie Topic: References Prepared by : Mgr. Zdeněk Hrdina Projekt Anglicky v odborných předmětech, CZ.1.07/1.3.09/04.0002 je spolufinancován Evropským sociálním fondem a státním rozpočtem České republiky.

 By „reference“ we mean the situation in which we use in a particular cell data from another cell Example: The B4 cell contains a formula referencing to cells B2 and B3 If we change the values in cells B2 or B3, the value in the B4 cell will change as well

 1) = B2 – referencing the B2 cell from the same sheet and workbook  2) =list2!B2 – referencing the B2 cell located on the sheet called „list2“  3) ='[sesit.xls]list1'!B2 – referencing the B2 cell located on the sheet called „list1” in a workbook called „sesit.xls”

 We can enter references in lower-case or upper-case letters, Excel always converts them to upper-case letters  Names of sheets and workbooks that are made up of more than one word need to be enclosed in single quotation marks

 relative – when copying a formula, it adapts to the new position  mixed – when copying a formula, only the column or the row adapts and the second element of the reference stays the same ◦ row absolute – the row doesn’t change but the column does ◦ column absolute – the column doesn’t change but the row does  absolute – when copying a formula, it stays the same.

 Relative reference – the same as in the first example - e.g. B2  Mixed reference ◦ row-absolute - B\$2 ◦ column-absolute - \$B2  Absolute reference - \$B\$2

 1) directly from the keyboard ◦ Czech keyboard – Alt Gr + ů ◦ American keyboard – Shift + 4 2) using the F4 key – reapeated pressing of the F4 key toggles between the possible variants of a given reference ◦ before pressing the F4 key it is necessary to click on the formula

 By correctly using the mentioned types of references we can save time and make our work more effective.

 Complete the table with formulas and correct types of references so that the copying of formulas into the other cells is as effective as possible  zadani.xlsx zadani.xlsx

 BARILLA, Jiří, Pavel SIMR a Květuše SÝKOROVÁ. Microsoft Excel 2010: Podrobná uživatelská příručka. Brno: Computer Press, 2010. ISBN 978-80-251-3077-3.  Microsoft Office. Relativní a absolutní odkazy - MS Excel [online]. 2011-12-11 [2011- 12-16].

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