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Acknowledgement This study was performed with financial support of European Social Fund co-financed project 2009/0218/1DP/1.1.1.2.0/09/APIA/VIAA/099. Acknowledgement.

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Presentation on theme: "Acknowledgement This study was performed with financial support of European Social Fund co-financed project 2009/0218/1DP/1.1.1.2.0/09/APIA/VIAA/099. Acknowledgement."— Presentation transcript:

1 Acknowledgement This study was performed with financial support of European Social Fund co-financed project 2009/0218/1DP/ /09/APIA/VIAA/099. Acknowledgement This study was performed with financial support of European Social Fund co-financed project 2009/0218/1DP/ /09/APIA/VIAA/099. COMPARISON OF TRITICALE, WHEAT AND OAT SELECTION RESULTS IN ORGANIC AND CONVENTIONAL CONDITIONS Kronberga A. 1, Strazdina V. 2, Vicupe Z. 2 State Priekuli Plant Breeding Institute, Latvia State Stende Plant Breeding Institute, Latvia References Lammerts van Bueren E.T, Wilbois K-P., Ostergard H. (2007) European perspectives of organic plant breeding and seed production in a genomics era. Journal of Agriculture and Rural development in the Tropics and Subtropics, Supplement 89: Wolfe M., Baresel J., Desclaux D., Goldringer I., Hoad S., Kovacs G., Loschenberger F., Miedaner T., Ostergard H., Lammerts van Bueren E. (2008) Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture, Euphytica 163, References Lammerts van Bueren E.T, Wilbois K-P., Ostergard H. (2007) European perspectives of organic plant breeding and seed production in a genomics era. Journal of Agriculture and Rural development in the Tropics and Subtropics, Supplement 89: Wolfe M., Baresel J., Desclaux D., Goldringer I., Hoad S., Kovacs G., Loschenberger F., Miedaner T., Ostergard H., Lammerts van Bueren E. (2008) Developments in breeding cereals for organic agriculture, Euphytica 163, Experiment sheme for triticale, oat and wheat Materials and methods Experiment with winter triticale, winter wheat and oat breeding lines was started parallel under organic and conventional growing conditions. The experimantal study was conducted at the Priekuli Plant Breeding Institute for triticale and at State Stende Cereal Breeding Institute for winter wheat and oats. The same lines were grown under both conditions and selection of the best ones according to breeder’s opinion with a respect to suitability for organic farming was done. 100 F 5 winter triticale lines, 110 F 3 and F 4 winter wheat lines and 100 F 4 oat lines were taken from conventional breeding material and sown in conventionally and organically managed fields in The conventional field was treated according to standard agricultural practices, including the use of herbicides and synthetic fertilizers. During the vegetation in 2010 different traits essential for growing under organic farming were evaluated for genotypes in both growing systems: winterhardiness, resistance to diseases, time of maturity, weed suppression ability as well as grain quality characteristics and plant productivity. About best 10 lines were selected from each growing conditions and evaluated in 2011 paralelly in organic and conventional conditions Materials and methods Experiment with winter triticale, winter wheat and oat breeding lines was started parallel under organic and conventional growing conditions. The experimantal study was conducted at the Priekuli Plant Breeding Institute for triticale and at State Stende Cereal Breeding Institute for winter wheat and oats. The same lines were grown under both conditions and selection of the best ones according to breeder’s opinion with a respect to suitability for organic farming was done. 100 F 5 winter triticale lines, 110 F 3 and F 4 winter wheat lines and 100 F 4 oat lines were taken from conventional breeding material and sown in conventionally and organically managed fields in The conventional field was treated according to standard agricultural practices, including the use of herbicides and synthetic fertilizers. During the vegetation in 2010 different traits essential for growing under organic farming were evaluated for genotypes in both growing systems: winterhardiness, resistance to diseases, time of maturity, weed suppression ability as well as grain quality characteristics and plant productivity. About best 10 lines were selected from each growing conditions and evaluated in 2011 paralelly in organic and conventional conditions Introduction About 9% of Latvian agricultural land is farmed organically. So far only one barley variety is registered especially for organic farming and farmers need varieties, which are suitable for organic farming. For creating varieties suitable for organic farming special triticale and barley breeding programmes has been started in Priekuli Plant Breeding Institute and oats and wheat breeding programme in Stende Cereal Breeding Institute. Several breeding strategies were used in breeding programs for organic farming (Wolfe et al, 2008): Currently available varieties from conventional breeding programs were used in organic fields; Breeding programs, where first steps (selection) are conducted under conventional conductions and further steps – in organic environments ; Breeding programs in which all breeding steps were done in organic fields with selection and propagation techniques that comply with organic principles. Currently in cereal breeding programmes for organic farming in Latvia second breeding strategy is used due to economic reasons. However, because of genotype by environment interaction more research is needed to define the best selection environment for selecting organic varieties (Lammerts van Bueren et al., 2007) Introduction About 9% of Latvian agricultural land is farmed organically. So far only one barley variety is registered especially for organic farming and farmers need varieties, which are suitable for organic farming. For creating varieties suitable for organic farming special triticale and barley breeding programmes has been started in Priekuli Plant Breeding Institute and oats and wheat breeding programme in Stende Cereal Breeding Institute. Several breeding strategies were used in breeding programs for organic farming (Wolfe et al, 2008): Currently available varieties from conventional breeding programs were used in organic fields; Breeding programs, where first steps (selection) are conducted under conventional conductions and further steps – in organic environments ; Breeding programs in which all breeding steps were done in organic fields with selection and propagation techniques that comply with organic principles. Currently in cereal breeding programmes for organic farming in Latvia second breeding strategy is used due to economic reasons. However, because of genotype by environment interaction more research is needed to define the best selection environment for selecting organic varieties (Lammerts van Bueren et al., 2007) Conclusions Lines selected in common from organic and from conventional field did not have high yield in both growing conditions in 2011; Triticale lines selected from organic field provided lower yield in 2011 in both growing conditions; it could be explained by effect of the growing conditions on the seed material; There was positive and significant correlation between yield in organic and conventional fields in 2011 for triticale lines selected under organic conditions, but no correlation was stated for lines selected under conventional conditions; The preliminary results are contradictious and does not provide sound conclusions about effect of selection environment; the experiment will be continued in 2012 Conclusions Lines selected in common from organic and from conventional field did not have high yield in both growing conditions in 2011; Triticale lines selected from organic field provided lower yield in 2011 in both growing conditions; it could be explained by effect of the growing conditions on the seed material; There was positive and significant correlation between yield in organic and conventional fields in 2011 for triticale lines selected under organic conditions, but no correlation was stated for lines selected under conventional conditions; The preliminary results are contradictious and does not provide sound conclusions about effect of selection environment; the experiment will be continued in 2012 Results of selection in 2010 The preliminary results showed differences in breeders decisions about best genotypes selected in organically and conventionally managed fields. For triticale 10 breeding lines from organic growing conditions and 11 ones from conventional growing conditions were selected; 6 of them were selected in common from organic and from conventional field. For wheat 16 lines from each growing conditions were selected. Only 4 genotypes where selected in common from both fields. From 100 evaluated oat genotypes 10 lines were selected in each growing conditions according to breeder’s decision. Only one line was selected in common from organic and conventional fields. For oat 10 lines from each growing conditions were selected also according to selection index (mathematical model). Only one line was the same as selected by breeder’s decision. Results of selection in 2010 The preliminary results showed differences in breeders decisions about best genotypes selected in organically and conventionally managed fields. For triticale 10 breeding lines from organic growing conditions and 11 ones from conventional growing conditions were selected; 6 of them were selected in common from organic and from conventional field. For wheat 16 lines from each growing conditions were selected. Only 4 genotypes where selected in common from both fields. From 100 evaluated oat genotypes 10 lines were selected in each growing conditions according to breeder’s decision. Only one line was selected in common from organic and conventional fields. For oat 10 lines from each growing conditions were selected also according to selection index (mathematical model). Only one line was the same as selected by breeder’s decision. 100 F4 lines from conventional breeding material 100 F4 lines in organic field, about 10 best lines selected the same F4 lines in conventional field, about 10 best lines selected Testing selected lines in both conventional and organic fields Testing selected lines in both conventional and organic fields in two locations Evaluated traits Wheat Triticale Oat Preliminary evaluation results of selected breeding lines in 2011 Winterhardiness Lodging resistance Plant height Ear lenght Yield Grain size Grain quality Resistance to diseases Winterhardiness Lodging resistance Plant height Soil coverage Yield Grain size Grain quality Resistance to diseases Plant growth habit Lodging resistance Plant height Spike length Yield Grain size Grain quality Resistance to diseases Figure 1. Yield of wheat genotypes, selected in both groving conditions, 2011 WHEAT Lines selected in common from organic and from conventional field did not have high yield in both growing conditions in 2011; There were negative significant correlation between yield of these lines r=-0.85* WHEAT Lines selected in common from organic and from conventional field did not have high yield in both growing conditions in 2011; There were negative significant correlation between yield of these lines r=-0.85* Conventional field Genotypes selected from conv field Cinvention al fiels Genotypes selected from organic field Organic field Genotypes selected conventiona l field Organic field Genotypes selected from organic field Mean Min Max Differences in yield for triticale genotypes selected from conventional and organic conditions TRITICALE Triticale lines selected from organic field provided lower yield in 2011 in both growing conditions; it could be explained by effect of the growing conditions in previos year There was positive and significant correlation between yield in organic and conventional fields in 2011 for triticale lines selected under organic conditions, but no correlation was stated for lines selected under conventional conditions; TRITICALE Triticale lines selected from organic field provided lower yield in 2011 in both growing conditions; it could be explained by effect of the growing conditions in previos year There was positive and significant correlation between yield in organic and conventional fields in 2011 for triticale lines selected under organic conditions, but no correlation was stated for lines selected under conventional conditions; OATS Lines selected in common from organic and from conventional field have high only in organic conditions in 2011; OATS Lines selected in common from organic and from conventional field have high only in organic conditions in 2011;


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