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LITERATURE IN MALAYSIAN SCHOOLS DR HUSNIAH SAHAMID FACULTY OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA.

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Presentation on theme: "LITERATURE IN MALAYSIAN SCHOOLS DR HUSNIAH SAHAMID FACULTY OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA."— Presentation transcript:

1 LITERATURE IN MALAYSIAN SCHOOLS DR HUSNIAH SAHAMID FACULTY OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

2 Literature in Malaysian Secondary Schools History & Development - Early Reading Programmes - Literature Texts, Exam Format

3 Background Early independence: English selection & use of texts : school 1976: medium of instruction Malay to English Use of literature through English Language reading programmes Literary materials for exposure to language

4 READING PROGRAMME 1.English Language Reading Programme (ERLP) 1979: Piloted - residential schools 1983 : all secondary schools - Graded texts : learner abilities

5 ERLP Books in boxes: primary vocabulary list key grammar items Target: - learners read 100 books in 3 years

6 READING PROGRAMME 2. Class Reader Programme (CRP) 1990: weaknesses in ERLP Lacked structure to improve English 1993: CRP implemented Part of New Integrated Secondary School Curriculum (KBSM)

7 CRP : Aims expose learners to materials written in English motivate learners to read: reading habit increase language proficiency through teaching materials can enrich & consolidate learning generate interest in literature Prepare for study of literature

8 CRP Incorporated: specially written texts abridged forms of texts Classification levels: - Elementary - Intermediate - Advanced

9 CLRP Ministry of Education (MOE) Support for use Preparation for Classroom Teaching files : - Teaching notes - Exercises - Activities NOTE : not examinable

10 CLRP Teachers lacked training Use of literary materials Little impact Little/no improvement in English language standards

11 LITERATURE COMPONENT 1999 : MOE change in policy Teaching of literature to all secondary students Secondary English school syllabus

12 Schedule of implementation 2000 Forms 1 and Form 2 and Form 3

13 Weightage SRP Language exam - 20% of total marks SPM language exam - 20% of total marks Teaching: ONE of five English period per week

14 AIM: LIT COMPONENT Enhance students proficiency Contribute to personal development & character building Broaden outlook: other cultures, world views

15 STUDENTS ENABLED: Give personal response to texts Awareness of how language is used reflect, draw upon moral lessons Understand, appreciate other cultures

16 LITERATURE TEXTS 2011 Form 1 Poems 1. The River -Valerie Bloom 2. Mr Nobody - author unknown Short Stories 1. Flipping Fantastic -Jane Langford

17 Form 2: Poems 1. I wonder - Jeannie Kirby 2. Heir Conditioning - M. Shanmughalingam Short Stories 1. One is One and All Alone - Nicholas Fisk Play 1. Rumpelstiltskin -Angela Lanyon

18 Form 3: Poems 1. A Fighter's Line- Marzuki Ali 2. Leisure - Willian Henry Davies

19 Form 4: Poems 1. In the Midst of Hardship -Latiff Mohidin (The Malay version is found in this blog) 2. He Had such Quiet Eyes -Bibsy Soenharjo Short Stories 1. QWERTYUIOP -Vivian Alcock 2. The Fruitcake Special -Frank Brennan Play 1. Gulp and Gasp- John Townsend

20 Form 5: Poems 1. Nature -H.D. Carberry 2. Are you Still Playing Your Flute -Zurinah Hassan

21 Form 5 Novels for 2011 : Examples Pahang,Terengganu, Johor,Sabah,Sarawak and Labuan The Curse by Lee Su Ann Step by Wicked Step by Anne Fine

22 Perlis,Kelantan,Kedah, Penang and Perak schools)

23 LITERATURE AS AN ELECTIVE 1998 : MOE Elective subject - F4 & F5 Literature in English – SPM Texts in Cycles: First Cycle, Second Cycle etc.

24 Expose Learners to variety of texts types, language forms, conventions of written mode Respond creatively & critically Gain insight: varied experiences of life : conflicts, crises, relationships Relate & appreciate environment

25 National Philosophy Developing individuals who are intellectually, spiritually and physically enriched

26 SPM Literature in English Examination Format Candidate asked to choose : one question from each component: A, B, C and D

27 Short Stories Section A: 6 texts to be studied. Only 4 short stories selected for testing each year. Each short story tested individually. Candidate required to answer ONE of four questions.

28 Novel Section B: 3 texts to be studied. All 3 novels will selected for testing each year. Each novel tested individually. Candidate required to answer ONE of three questions.

29 Play/Drama Section C: 3 texts to be studied. All 3 plays selected for testing each year. Each play tested individually. Candidate required to answer ONE of three questions

30 Themes Section D: 3 themes to be studied. All 3 themes selected for testing each year. Each theme tested individually. Candidate required to answer ONE of three questions.

31 Extra Response (s) Candidates allowed to answer two or more questions from each component. Examiner will choose highest marks the candidate has attained for ONE question.

32 KESUSASTERAAN DALAM BAHASA INGGERIS SENARAI KARYA BAGI PEPERIKSAAN SPM TAHUN 2008, 2009, DAN 2010

33 Novel and Drama Novel Fahrenheit 451 (Ray Bradbury) Fasting, Feasting (Anita Desai) Holes (Louis Sachar) Drama Julius Caesar (William Shakespeare) The Lion and the Jewel (Wole Soyinka) An Inspector Calls (J.B. Priestly)

34 Short Story Naukar (Anya Sitaram) Cinderella Girl (Vivien Alcoc) The Landlady (Roald Dahl) A Common Story (Kassim Ahmad) Neighbours (Robert Raymer) Harrison Bergeren (Kurt Vonnegut Jr. )

35 Poetry Theme: Relationships Tonight I Can Write (Pablo Neruda) Ways of Love (Chung Yee Chong) A Prayer for My Daughter (Yeats) The Way Things Are (Roger McGough) For My Old Amah (Wong Phui Nam) How Do I Love Thee? (Elizabeth Barret Browning)

36 Poetry Theme: Perceptions of Self Birches (Robert Frost) I Am (John Clare) This Is A Photograph of Me (Margaret Atwood) Waiting to Go On (Hugo Williams) Daring Tears (Craig Romkema) The Traveller (Muhammad hj Salleh)

37 Poetry Theme: Conflicts Dulce et Decorum Est (Wilfred Owe) The Man He Killed (Thomas Hardy) Death of A Rainforest (Cecil Rajendra) The War Against Trees (Stanley Kunitz) A Quarrel Between Day and Night (Omar Mohd Noor) "Crabbed age and youth cannot live together ‘’ (Shakespeare)

38 EDUCATIONAL EMPHASES Thinking skills Critical & thinking

39 ICT Skills ICT skills & knowledge Multimedia rresources Meaningful connections with New information & existing knowledge

40 Preparation for the Real World Meet challenges Language used in society Contributing member to society

41 Learning how to learn Responsibility for own learning Study skills Informational skills Independent life long learners

42 Knowledge acquisition Explore & develop knowledge

43 Values & Citizenship Array of values & citizenship Incorporated in learning outcomes Develop learners - respect for cultural diversity - common values - tolerance - patritism

44 Multiple Intelligence Adress various intelligences

45 END OF NOTES


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