2First, it’s important to review how to pronounce words in Spanish.
3EVERY word in Spanish has stress. This is true in English as well. Just think of your name. There is a correct way to pronounce it.For example, if your name is Judy, you would stress the first syllable quite naturally.Let’s try some other examples.
4There are three primary rules in Spanish. If a word ends in n, s or a vowel, the stress falls on the next-to-last (penultimate) syllable.Examples: hablan, comes, casa, muchacho, examen, apartamento
5Rule 2:If a word ends in any consonant other than n or s, the stress falls on the last syllable.Examples: español, usted, regular, subir
6Examples: teléfono, álbum, centímetro, ratón Rule 3:Any exception to rules 1 and 2 requires a written accent on the stressed vowel.Examples: teléfono, álbum, centímetro, ratón
7Question and Exclamation Words… Always require a written accent:Examples: ¿Cómo? ¿Cuándo? ¿Qué?
8Sometimes an accent mark is needed to change the meaning of a word. Examples:tú = you / tu = yourÉl = he / el = the
9Dipthongs:A dipthong is the combination of two vowels that only form one syllable.Examples: vuelvo, tiene, ciudad
10Dipthongs cot’d.When the dipthong is broken up because it has two syllables, it is no longer a dipthong and if the stress falls on a weak vowel (i or u), it requires a written accent.Examples: país, día, envío, Raúl
11In other words…Whenever you see two vowels together, keep them as one single syllable. Then, test out the rules that you learned about word stress. If it breaks the rule, an accent mark is required.Examples: día, país, canción, comíaPiano, rueda,
12Let’s test it out… Bai lar Bailar Rule 2 Stress the next-to-last syllable.Do we need an accent mark?
13Let’s try another one… Cancion Can cion Rule 1 Stress the second-to-last syllableDoes it require an accent mark?