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1 Charged Z’s at Ruslan Chistov (ITEP, Moscow) Representing the Belle Collaboration Quarkonium Working Group Workshop (Nara, NWU, December 2-5/2008) ● Introduction ● Observation of Z(4430) + + ’ at Belle ● Observation of Z + 1,2 + c1 at Belle Update of Z(4430) + at Belle (NEW) ● Summary D0D0 D1*+D1*+ c d c u

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2 L > 870 fb -1 High Luminosity has permitted us to obtain unexpected non-trivial results on charm spectroscopy, particularly with charmonium in the final state. This has modified our understanding of known and predicted charmonia levels

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3 Observed and predicted charmonia Described well the observed spectrum of cc states A number of unexpected exotic states above DD (*) thresholds that do not fit into available cc slots

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4 The mechanisms of new particle production at B-factories From B-decays, e.g. B + X(3872)K + In double charmonium production, e.g. e + e - J/ψ X(3940) In fusion, e.g. c (2S) or Z(3930) In radiative return, e.g. e + e - ISR Y(4260) J/ψ + - Can charged Z be in principle produced here? Yes yet unknown (e + e - X + Y - ??) No Since only neutrals can be produced

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5 Observation of the first manifestly exotic state Z(4430) + at Belle (2007)

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6 Z(4430) + at Belle Z(4430) + at Belle PRL 100, 142001 (2008) Study of BK + ’: ’l + l - and J/ + - (M()>0.44 GeV); B-candidates inv. mass is kinematically constrained to m B (experim. resolution for M(‘ + )~2.5 MeV); Horizontal band K*(1430) K*(892) Study it

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7 Z(4430) + at Belle Z(4430) + at Belle Total significance: 6.5 σ M = (4433±4 1) MeV = (44 +17 -13 +30 -11 ) MeV Br(B KZ)xBr(Z (2S) + )= (4.1±1.0±1.3)·10 -5 PRL 100, 142001 (2008) Veto Fit: S-wave Breit-Wigner + Background with kinematic thresholds Cross-checks: Z(4430) + is present in both ’ subsamples

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8 Z(4430) + at Belle Z(4430) + at Belle B + Z + K s or B 0 Z - K + Z ± (2S) ± PRL 100, 142001 (2008) Charged, I=1 Cannot be a conventional charmonium or hybrid state Should contain light quarks in addition to cc. A variety of interpretations: - threshold effect (J.L.Rosner 0708.3496, D.V.Bugg, 0709.1254); - D*D 1 molecular state (X. Liu and Y.R. Liu, 0711.0494); - radially excited tetraquark (L.Maiani, A.D.Polosa, V.Riquer, 0708.3997); - baryonium state (C.F.Qiao, 0709.4066 ); - hadro-charmonium (S.Dubinskiy,M.B.Voloshin,0803.2224); …

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9 New charged Z’s decaying into + c1 Belle continued the study of other B(cc) + K - decays PRD 78, 072004 (2008)

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10 Study of BK - + c1 Similar selection, then look at DP: K*(892) K*(1430) Horizontal band Study it B-signal

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11 Isobar Fit to entire Dalitz Plot: + K*(892) + K*(1410) + K* 0 (1430) + K* 2 (1430) + K*(1680) + K* 3 (1780) + (Z’s) + Interference Efficiency over Dalitz Plot is included All known K*’s below 1900 MeV

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12 The fit results in DP slices without any Z’s: Confidence level of this fit: 3x10 -10 A B C D A B C D

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13 The fit results in DP slices with one Z: Confidence level of this fit: 0.5% Try an additional Z A B C D A B C D

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14 The fit results in DP slices with two Z’s: Confidence level of this fit: 42% A B C D A B C D

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15 Parameters of the EXOTIC new EXOTIC Z + 1,2 + c1 states and Mass( + c1 ) distribution are the same order as obtained for other, possibly exotic X,Y,Z states. No discrimination between J=0 or 1

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16 Systematics and significances (incl. d.o.f.) from various fit models: The worst case, but the param ’ s of this new K* are far from those for all known K* ’ s

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17 New results on Z(4430) + Full Dalitz Plot analysis of BK - + ’ Data sample from original analysis is used The same fitting technique as in B K c1 is used

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18 Dalitz Plot slices: Fit without a Z resonance: CL=0.1% Introduce Z A B C D E No K* 3 (1780) in the fit model: A B C D E

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19 results on Z(4430) + from Dalitz plot fit results on Z(4430) + from Dalitz plot fit The results of the DP fit in its slices with Z: Confidence Level of the fit WITH Z(4430) + is 36% Significance of Z is 6.4σ NEW A B C D E A B C D E

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20 Different fit models and the significance of Z(4430) + Significance of Z(4430) + in different fit models is always larger than 5σ

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21 Sum of 3 slices (K*’s veto) Belle confirms the original result on Z(4430) + Preliminary Width is larger than original but uncertainties are large Updated parameters of Z(4430) + from Dalitz plot fit Updated parameters of Z(4430) + from Dalitz plot fit

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22 Summary of Belle results on manifestly exotic states 2007: Belle observed first charged charmoniumlike state, Z(4430) + decaying into ’ + 2008: Belle continued the study of BK(cc) decays and observed two new charged charmoniumlike states Z(4050) + and Z(4250) +, decaying into + c1 Update on Z(4430) + : Dalitz Plot analysis confirms original observation. The Z(4430) + has a significance of 6.4σ. These states have similar character: have non-zero electric charge and decay into ordinary charmonia and +. The current options for their nature include tetraquark, molecular type states and hadro-charmonium.

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23 Back-up slides

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24 K - + c1 Dalitz Plot Formalism The decay BK c1 is described by 6 variables, M( c1 ), M(K), helicity angles c1, J/ and angles btw the production and decay planes c1, J/ Fitting function: Amplitude for BK c1 via 2-body intermediate res.R and c1 in hel. Angle dependent term: Signal event density Integrate over all angles; reconstruction efficiency is uniform over full angle ranges and interference terms between different c1 helicity states are negligibly small.

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25 M(K ) description in B K + ’ M(K ) description in B K + c1

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26 M(K ) description in B K + ’ Cross-Check: angular distributions of the c1 and J/ in B K + c1 Data and predictions from the default fit model agree very well and little discrimination between spin 0 and 1

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27 M(K ) description in B K + ’

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28 Results of Dalitz Plot fit with two Z’s in B K + ’ Significance of two Z’s over one Z is 3.9σ Preliminary

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29 Dalitz Plot efficiency in B K - + c1

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