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Financial and Managerial Accounting Wild, Shaw, and Chiappetta Fifth Edition Wild, Shaw, and Chiappetta Fifth Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Financial and Managerial Accounting Wild, Shaw, and Chiappetta Fifth Edition Wild, Shaw, and Chiappetta Fifth Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Financial and Managerial Accounting Wild, Shaw, and Chiappetta Fifth Edition Wild, Shaw, and Chiappetta Fifth Edition McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

2 How does a company obtain its cash? Where does a company spend its cash? What explains the change in the cash balance? Purpose of the Statement of Cash Flows C1 12-2

3 How did the business fund its operations? Did the business borrow any funds or repay any loans? Does the business have sufficient cash to pay its debts as they mature? Did the business make any dividend payments? Importance of Cash Flows C1 12-3

4 Cash Currency Cash Equivalents Short-term, highly liquid investments. Readily convertible into cash. Sufficiently close to maturity so that market value is unaffected by interest rate changes. Short-term, highly liquid investments. Readily convertible into cash. Sufficiently close to maturity so that market value is unaffected by interest rate changes. Measurement of Cash Flows C1 12-4

5 The statement of cash flows includes the following three sections: 1. Operating activities 2. Investing activities 3. Financing activities Classifying Cash Flows C1 12-5

6 Outflows Salaries and wages Payments to suppliers Taxes and fines Interest paid to lenders Other Outflows Salaries and wages Payments to suppliers Taxes and fines Interest paid to lenders Other Inflows Receipts from customers Cash dividends received Interest from borrowers Other Inflows Receipts from customers Cash dividends received Interest from borrowers Other Operating Activities C1 12-6

7 Outflows Purchasing long-term productive assets Purchasing equity investments Purchasing debt investments Other Outflows Purchasing long-term productive assets Purchasing equity investments Purchasing debt investments Other Inflows Selling long-term productive assets Selling investments in securities Collecting principal on loans Other Inflows Selling long-term productive assets Selling investments in securities Collecting principal on loans Other Investing Activities C1 12-7

8 Outflows Pay dividends Purchasing treasury stock Repaying cash loans Paying owners’ withdrawals Outflows Pay dividends Purchasing treasury stock Repaying cash loans Paying owners’ withdrawals Inflows Issuing its own equity securities Issuing bonds and notes Issuing short- and long-term liabilities Inflows Issuing its own equity securities Issuing bonds and notes Issuing short- and long-term liabilities Financing Activities C1 12-8

9 Items requiring separate disclosure include: Retirement of debt by issuing equity securities. Conversion of preferred stock to common stock. Purchasing equipment by issuing stock or debt. Items requiring separate disclosure include: Retirement of debt by issuing equity securities. Conversion of preferred stock to common stock. Purchasing equipment by issuing stock or debt. Noncash Investing and Financing C1 12-9

10 Format of the Statement of Cash Flows C

11 There are two acceptable methods to determine cash flows from operating activities: Direct method Indirect method There are two acceptable methods to determine cash flows from operating activities: Direct method Indirect method Format of the Statement of Cash Flows C

12 Net income Cash flows from operating activities FASB recommends the direct method, but most companies use the indirect method to report operating cash flows. Changes in current assets and current liabilities. + Losses and - Gains + Noncash expenses such as depreciation and amortization. Indirect Method P

13 Use this table when adjusting net income to operating cash flows. Indirect Method P

14 Let’s look at the indirect method for preparing the cash flows from operating activities section. Preparing the Statement of Cash Flows – Indirect Method P

15  East, Inc. reports $125,000 net income for the year ended December 31,  Accounts receivable increased by $7,500 during the year and accounts payable increased by $10,000.  During 2013, East reported $12,500 of depreciation expense.  East, Inc. reports $125,000 net income for the year ended December 31,  Accounts receivable increased by $7,500 during the year and accounts payable increased by $10,000.  During 2013, East reported $12,500 of depreciation expense. What is East, Inc.’s operating cash flow for 2013? Indirect Method Example – East, Inc. P

16 Net income125,000$ Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable Cash provided by operating activities Net income125,000$ Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable Cash provided by operating activities For the indirect method, start with net income. P Indirect Method Example – East, Inc.

17 Net income125,000$ Add: Depreciation expense12,500 Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable Cash provided by operating activities Net income125,000$ Add: Depreciation expense12,500 Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable Cash provided by operating activities Add noncash expenses such as depreciation, depletion, amortization, or bad debt expense. P Indirect Method Example – East, Inc.

18 Net income125,000$ Add: Depreciation expense12,500 Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable(7,500) Cash provided by operating activities Net income125,000$ Add: Depreciation expense12,500 Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable(7,500) Cash provided by operating activities P Indirect Method Example – East, Inc.

19 Net income125,000$ Add: Depreciation expense12,500 Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable(7,500) Add: Increase in accounts payable10,000 Cash provided by operating activities Net income125,000$ Add: Depreciation expense12,500 Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable(7,500) Add: Increase in accounts payable10,000 Cash provided by operating activities P Indirect Method Example – East, Inc.

20 Net income125,000$ Add: Depreciation expense12,500 Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable(7,500) Add: Increase in accounts payable10,000 Cash provided by operating activities140,000$ Net income125,000$ Add: Depreciation expense12,500 Deduct: Increase in accounts receivable(7,500) Add: Increase in accounts payable10,000 Cash provided by operating activities140,000$ If we used the direct method, we would get the same $140,000 for cash provided by operating activities. P Indirect Method Example – East, Inc.

21 Let’s prepare a statement of cash flows for B&G Company using the indirect method. Indirect Method P

22 P Indirect Method Example – B&G Company

23 Add noncash expenses and losses. Subtract noncash revenues and gains. Add noncash expenses and losses. Subtract noncash revenues and gains. Start with accrual-basis net income. Then, analyze the changes in current assets and current liabilities. → Indirect Method Example – B&G Company P2

24 12-24 Indirect Method Example – B&G Company Here’s the completed operating section. Next, let’s complete the investing section. P2

25 Here’s the completed investing section. Next, let’s complete the financing section Indirect Method Example – B&G Company P3

26 12-26 Indirect Method Example – B&G Company Here’s the completed financing section. Next, let’s prove the cash balances. P3

27 12-27 Indirect Method Example – B&G Company P3

28 12-28 Indirect Method Example – B&G Company P3

29 Analyzing Cash Sources and Uses A1

30 Used, along with income-based ratios, to assess company performance. Cash flow on total assets = Cash flow from operations Average total assets Cash Flow on Total Assets A1

31 Let’s look at the direct method for preparing the cash flows from operating activities section. Preparing the Statement of Cash Flows – Direct Method P

32 We analyze the cash account to prepare the statement under the direct method. Let’s use B&G’s Cash account to prepare the company’s statement of cash flows Direct Method Example – B&G Company P5

33 12-33 Direct Method Example – B&G Company

34 End of Chapter


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