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More fun with Timer/Counters

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Presentation on theme: "More fun with Timer/Counters"— Presentation transcript:

1 More fun with Timer/Counters
Timer Input Capture CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

2 4 main functions built around the Timer/Counter subsystem
Pulse accumulator (T/C connected to external clock) Allows counting of external events Output Compare Set a register flag when timer reaches a certain value optionally cause an interrupt Optionally set/clear/toggle output bits to generate variable freq. PWM Generator Periodic waveform generator of variable widths (duty cycle) Input Capture Set a flag when input bit rises/falls optionally cause an interrupt Can record the actual Timer/Counter value CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

3 Timer Input Capture (TIC) records the times of external Events
Only possible with Timer/Counter 1 the16-bit T/C “Events” are (externally-generated) signals on the Input Capture Pin (ICP) PortD pin 6 (PD6) is the ICP DDRD must configure PD6 for input CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

4 Current time of T/C1 is latched when an “Event” occurs
Timer/Counter1 ticks use two 8-bit TCNT1 registers to count timer increments TCNT1H and TCNT1L Event time is captured in two 8-bit ICR1 registers ICR1H and ICR1L CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

5 Controlling Timer/Counter 1
Like T/C0, the operation of T/C1 is controlled via various I/O registers TICIE1 – T/C1 Input Capture interrupt enable bit OCIE1A – T/C1 Output Compare A interrupt enable OCIE1B – T/C1 Output Compare B interrupt enable TOIE1 – T/C1 Overflow interrupt enable CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

6 T/C1 Flag Register Like T/C0, the status of T/C1 overflow and output compare is readable via TIFR ICF1 – Set on T/C1 input event OCF1A – Set on Output Compare A match OCF1B – Set on Output Compare B match TOV1 – Set on Overflow CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

7 Details: Specifying the mode of operation of T/C1 for IC
Unlike T/C0, there are two Control Registers for T/C1 TCCR1A is used when using T/C1 in Output Compare & Waveform Generation modes Set all bits to 0 when only using Input Capture WGMxx bits are used to set Normal/CTC/PWM modes CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

8 Controlling the Event that gets captured
ICNC1 – noise canceller If 1, sampling is extended over 4 clock cycles ICES1 – Input Capture Edge Select Specifies which “Event” triggers Input Capture 1: rising edge 0: falling edge WGM13:12 leave 0 for Input Capture CS12:CS10 control the counter frequency Similar to settings for T/C0 CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

9 Servicing an Input Capture Interrupt
Example: Measuring the period T of a square wave: Setup T/C1 for Input Capture Enable Input Capture interrupt Set T/C1 frequency Set to trigger ICR1 interrupt on rising edge Within Input Capture ISR Read ICR1L and ICR1H As with ADC, order is important Save ICR1L and ICR1H Reset ICR1 to trigger next time on falling edge On second interrupt (falling edge) Compute counter delta Compute time period T from delta and frequency Reset ICR1 to trigger on rising edge T CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

10 An Application Example
Incremental Encoder Used to monitor the position of rotational devices (motors, machine shafts, etc) Often known as quadrature encoders CS-280 Dr. Mark L. Hornick

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