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Carl Sack Adaptive Cartography for Situated Learning experiencing Globalization through mobile data visualization

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Presentation on theme: "Carl Sack Adaptive Cartography for Situated Learning experiencing Globalization through mobile data visualization"— Presentation transcript:

1 Carl Sack Adaptive Cartography for Situated Learning experiencing Globalization through mobile data visualization Chelsea Nestel

2 IS 101 and Situated Learning IS 101 Situated Learning Objectives IS 101 Situated Learning Objectives 1.Think Beyond the Classroom 2.Think Across Time 3.Think Across Place 4.Think Across Scale Situated Learning : knowledge is situated in a specific context and meaning-making occurs through interactions within that world. SL transforms the learner into a practitioner of the discipline. (Lave and Wenger 1991).

3 Designing for Mobile: G970 Seminar Three Teams Visual Storytelling develop storyboard, develop storyboard, give context to the give context to the learning experience learning experience UI / UX prototype the module prototype the moduleEvaluation submit IRB, develop submit IRB, develop protocol, protocol, conduct experiment conduct experiment

4 Badger State Shoe Factory Stop #1

5 Old Railroad Station Stop #2

6 MG&E Power Plant Stop #3

7 Wil-Mar Community Center Stop #4

8 Ground Zero Coffee Shop Stop #5

9 Module Development Adaptive Features Fluid Images and Text with breakpoints determined by aspect ratio Changes in UI element layout at mobile width breakpoint Content Delivery method defaults to audio in small windows under the assumption that the user is on a mobile device. “Find Me” button for mobile users with a 10 second decay on GPS dot to save battery Offline cache using HTML5 cache manifest for mobile wifi-only users

10 Global Madison Video

11 Q: Q: Should the map design be able to take into account the differences between mobile and non-mobile devices to optimize the student’s learning experience? If yes, in what way? Methods: Methods: Field Testing (narrow / deep) Online Survey (broad / shallow) Experimental Design: Research Question and Methods

12 Sample size: n=18 Gender Identity: 9 male, 9 female Nationality: 8 USA, 10 foreign (China, Bulgaria, Hong Kong, Palestine, South Korea) English: 7 primary, 11 secondary Age: mean=18.83 years, range=18-25 Technology: Own smartphone: 16/18 Own tablet: 6/18 Own laptop: 13/18 1 Own desktop: 1/18 Field Testing: Background Summary

13 Noted “critical incidences” and coded for specific issues -Analysis ongoing! Field Testing CodeTypes of Issues Hardware (H1, H2 etc) Data connectivity Sound Data connectivity, GPS, Battery, Sound, Brightness, Screen size, loading delay WeatherWind, rain, cold, hot Orientation unsafe crossing Wrong turn, unsafe crossing, Statement of confusion about route Statement of confusion about route, split attention Usability Bug Bug, confusion about clicking, misclick, switching between programs Critical Incidences Excitement Excitement, frustration, dropped device

14 Sample size: n=18 Device: Smartphone: 8 Tablet: 10 (restricted to ASUS or iPad) Weather: Sunny: 6 Cloudy: 5 Rainy: 0 Temperature: Average = 60F Range = 39-77F Completion Time: Average = 2:24 Range = 1:46 - 3:07 (~1h) Field Testing: Environmental Summary

15 Sample size: n=244 173 female Gender Identity: 71 male, 173 female Citizenship (allowing multiple): 214 USA, 43 foreign (Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Denmark, Honduras, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Mongolia, Palestine, Paraguay, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, UAE, UK) 206 primary English: 206 primary, 38 secondary Age: mean=18.72 years, range=18-24 Technology: 230 Own smartphone: 230/244 Own tablet: 59/244 Own laptop: 231/244 Own desktop: 26/244 Online Survey: Background Summary

16 Sample size: n=244 Device: Smartphone: 219 Tablet: 25 Weather: Sunny: 206 Cloudy: 35 Rainy: 3 26-85F Temperature: average=68.66F, range=26-85F 28 Completion Time: average=122.98 minutes, range=28- 251 minutes Online Survey: Environmental Summary

17 Online Survey: Problems Revealed

18 Online Survey: Preferences Revealed

19 Design Recommendations for Mobile Layout Layout: Fluid Interaction Operators Interaction Operators: Pan, Zoom, Retrieve Map Elements: Map Elements: Title / Splash screen, Pan/ Zoom interfaces, info window, menu design, legend Projections: Projections: Web Mercator OK for large scale mapping. Used static maps for small scale mapping Symbolization Symbolization: high iconicity Typography Typography: sans-serif for enhanced legibility on mobile screen Allow options for sound and text

20 Thanks for Listening! Acknowledgements Prof. Robert E. Roth, UW-Madison Geography Prof. Stephen J. Young, UW-Madison International Studies Mario Bruzzone, UW- Madison Geography G970 Students Brian Davidson, Julia Janicki, Vanessa Knoppke – Wetzel, Fei Ma, Caroline Rose, Guiming Zhang IS 101 students who volunteered their time to test the module and provide feedback

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