Presentation on theme: "Online Counseling Resource YCMOU ELearning Drive… School of Architecture, Science and Technology Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nashik."— Presentation transcript:
Online Counseling Resource YCMOU ELearning Drive… School of Architecture, Science and Technology Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nashik – 422222, India
School of Science and Technology, Online Counseling Resource… Introduction-2 The DNA in eukaryotic organisms is highly organized into a compact threads along with some special proteins; this compact thread of DNA is called as chromosomes. The structure and organization of chromosome help the DNA replicate in correct order and pass into next generation. It is interesting to know therefore the structure and organization of eukaryotic chromosomes formed due to coiling and compacting of DNA molecules by proteins including histones.
School of Science and Technology, Online Counseling Resource… Eukaryotic Chromosome-11 Characteristics of eukaryotic chromosome:- Prokaryotic chromosomes are contained by a well defined membrane system- nuclear membrane. Eukaryotic chromosomes show well defined structures and sub-structures –centromere, telomeres, euchromatins and heterochromatins. Eukaryotic DNA possess multiple origins of replications. More than 60% of eukaryotic DNA is composed of intergenic sequences which include repetitive sequences, pseudogenes and non-functional DNA segments.
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