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Traditional mismanagement of labour – What can we do? Dan Farine MD Professor of Ob/Gyn & Medicine Head of Maternal Fetal Medicine University of Toronto.

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Presentation on theme: "Traditional mismanagement of labour – What can we do? Dan Farine MD Professor of Ob/Gyn & Medicine Head of Maternal Fetal Medicine University of Toronto."— Presentation transcript:

1 Traditional mismanagement of labour – What can we do? Dan Farine MD Professor of Ob/Gyn & Medicine Head of Maternal Fetal Medicine University of Toronto

2 The issues in L&D Fetal distress - <2% of labours Non progressive labour and Oxytocin use – 40-50% Increased CS rate –mainly for failure to progress

3 Labor monitors Fetal distress (<2%) –Fetal heart rate (mid 20 th century) –Scalp pH (mid 20 th century) –Fetal ECG -STAN (late 20 th century) –Pulse Oximetry (late 20 th century) Labour progress (30-50%) –Fingers (17 th century)

4 Current assessment of Dilatation Inter-observer variability - Up to 6 cm ( Bergsjo 1982) - Average 1-2 cm (Phelps 1995) Stretching during examination? Contraction effect?

5 Current assessment of labor progress - Position Misdiagnosed position in 61% (defined as + 45 degrees) Sherer et al Misdiagnosed 46% of occipito posterior/ transverse – Prior to forceps. Potential misapplication in 25% Akmal & Nicolaides 2003

6 Current assessment of labor progress - Station -Definition of station checked with 243 care givers in 4 Denver Units -Four different definitions were provided -Care givers were not aware of other care givers different definition Carollo et al. 2004

7 Current assessment of labor progress - Station -Simulator used to assess station -Wrong station: Residents 50-88% Staff: 36-80% -Wrong level (high, mid…) – 30% vs. 34% Dupuis et al. 2004

8 Attempts to overcome these limitations Cervicometry - Friedman, Zador, Wladimirof etc. Data on contractions (Toko, pressure) Surrogate parameters (compliance, distensibility etc.)

9 Results of the limitations of our fingers PTL - diagnosed (too) late Latent phase - retrospective diagnosis Active phase – Start? End? –examinations q 1-4 hours ( contractions) –Dystocia is not suspected/diagnosed for this interval

10 Technology: Ultrasound transmitter receiver distance

11 Positioning system ATR ITR ATR ITR distance

12 The measurement system External transmitters External anatomical marker Fetal head marker Cervical markers

13 CLM in operation ATRs Connector box ITRs Safe Accurate Continuous monitoring Cervix Dilatation Head Station

14 System advantages Add-on system –(as opposed to stand alone) Compatible with GE and Phillips Data display and collections at all levels –Monitor, central system, internet

15 Results of clinical trials Safety – >600 attachments –1 laceration, 1 single stitch Accuracy – 1-3 mm Displacement – Rare (mainly exams) Satisfaction – Good (both patients and MDs)

16 Benefits of cervicometry Accurate data eliminates inter and intra-observer variability Real time data - Eliminates delays in diagnosis & therapy Detection of precipitous labors Documentation Reduces number of vaginal examinations Patient satisfaction/control infections Emergency effect

17 A single patient partogram

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19 Typical CLM curves?!

20 contraction effect on dilatation Contraction# with effect % of contractions with effect 0-4 mm608% 5-9 mm31942% mm25333% mm9012% mm314% >24 mm142%

21 When does the active phase start? Van Dessel – “Reaction point” The cervix started to oscillate around 4- 5 cm Cervicometry?

22 Could we predict CPD?

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24 The future? Early detection of labor abnormalities Oxytocin administration based on “mini- partogram” Improved outcome (CS, infections, satisfaction) Costs (shorter labor, medico-legal)

25 CLM provides a systematic approach for individual care

26 Anything not covered?


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