Presentation on theme: "‘Improving health and wellbeing through Research’ Preston Football Club 17 th October 2014 Improving health and wellbeing through research – October 2014."— Presentation transcript:
‘Improving health and wellbeing through Research’ Preston Football Club 17 th October 2014 Improving health and wellbeing through research – October 2014
Dr Salman Karim Consultant Psychiatrist “Dementia Clinical Trials” Theme: Developing Clinical Research Improving health and wellbeing through research – October 2014
Clinical Trials in Alzheimer's Disease Dr Salman Karim Consultant Psychiatrist/Honorary Senior Lecturer Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust University of Manchester
EPIDEMIOLOGY 700,000 people in UK million people worldwide Expected to rise to million Incidence reported higher in the west (2%) Prevalence doubles every 5 years below 5% in years above 10% in over 80 years
EPIDEMIOLOGY Cost of care in UK is 4 billion per year In North America its 100 billion dollars 25% hospital cost 75% residential care cost Does not include carers burden Phenomenal rise expected in future
RISK FACTORS Age Risk doubles every 5 years after 60 Genetic predisposition (ApoE E4) Inability to remove amyloid plaque Tau accumulation Loss of neurons Vascular risk factors Head trauma
NEUROPATHOLOGY Senile Plaques : Extra-cellular amyloid beta-peptide Neurofibrillary Tangles : Intra-cellular fibrillary proteins Reduction of neurons and synapses Reduction in cellular energy metabolism Neuronal dysfunction/ death
Neurotoxic action of Beta amyloid Oxidative stress Impaired cellular metabolism Mitrochondial dysfunction Impaired calcium metabolism Impairment of long term potentiation Increased neuro-fibrillary tangle formation
Neurochemistry of Alzheimer’s disease Acetylcholine: Perception, Attention, Learning, attention, Cognition and judgement Noradrenaline: Alertness, Memory and Attention Serotonin: Regulation of appetite and emotions Glutamate (excitatory neurotransmitter ): Neuronal cell death in many conditions is mediated by the effects of glutamate
Developing New Drugs for Alzheimer's Disease Identifying target areas: Beta amyloid clearance Tau protein clearance Enhancing neurotransmission Developing biological makers of AD: Blood markers CSF markers Imaging
Challenges Cost of developing new drugs Average cost 1.2 billion including failures 101 clinical trials on AD since drugs licenced Time scale Drug discovery/preclinical: 3-6 years Clinical trials (phase I, II and III): 6-7 years Licensing: years
Local Challenges Increasing complexity of protocols Physical investigations (bloods, ECG, Imaging, CSF) Pharmacy Facilities Developing the team with skill mix Medical staff Nursing staff Skilled raters
Local Challenges Staff Training Bureaucracy Developing partnerships Risks/benefits
Clinical Trials in LCFT Nicotinic receptor targeted trials: RCT to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ABT-126 in mild to moderate AD. Long-term safety and tolerability of ABT- 126 in mild-to-moderate AD. RCT to evaluate safety and sfficacy of ABT-126 in Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia.
Neuronal Nicotinic Receptors
α 7 Receptors: Pre- and Postsynaptic Mechanisms
Clinical Trials in LCFT Increased cortisol in AD ABT-384 is a selective 11-β- hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD-1) inhibitor RCT to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ABT-384 in subjects with Mild-to Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease
Clinical Trials in LCFT Novel Histamine H3 receptor antagonist S38093 Efficacy and safety of S38093 Vs placebo in co-administration with donepezil in patients with moderate AD. A 24 week international, multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase IIb study S38093
Clinical Trials in LCFT 5HT6 receptor antagonist (Lu AE58054) blocking GABA-ergic excitation RCT of Lu AE58054 in patients with mild- moderate Alzheimer’s disease treated with an acety-cholinesterase inhibitor.
Clinical Trials in LCFT Mono-clonal antibodies (beta amyloid removal) RCT of efficiency and safety of Gantenerumab in subjects with mild AD. RCT of efficiency and safety of Gantenerumab in subjects with mild AD: PET scan sub study.
Vision for Future To develop a clinical research facility To expand clinical trials portfolio To build a team of researchers
Karen Palmer Clinical Research Nurse Manager “What our nurses can offer you” Theme: Developing Clinical Research Improving health and wellbeing through research – October 2014
Karen Palmer – Clinical Research Nurse Manager Kelly Wigglesworth – Research Nurse Daniel Pulford – Clinical Studies Officer Andrea Houlding – Research Secretary Sit within the Corporate Network under the Research department and are a generic trust research resource. The Team
We provide support to clinical services who are approved to conduct a NIHR portfolio adopted research study. Support is tailor made to researchers needs. Including educational support for researchers and clinical staff. Along with the conduct of all clinical and administrative aspects of the research process. The Service
The NIHR (National Institute for Health Research) requires Trusts to conduct high quality research. This is research which is grant funded through competitive means and has been adopted onto a portfolio of registered national projects. These projects are monitored against their achievement of the recruitment target and the delivery of the research findings What is the NIHR Portfolio?
All NIHR Portfolio adopted studies can be found on the UK Clinical Research Network (UKCRN) Portfolio website: Where to find portfolio studies
Contact the Research department at and quote the following information: Project reference number (as shown on the website) Project title The team will then make contact with the researcher on your behalf and request further information. This information can be assessed jointly and a decision can be made on the services ability to support the study and staff capacity What to do if you want to know more about a study
Views of a participant and Carer Please click: ‘A participants experience of Dementia Research’
A portfolio research study is identified to sit within you clinical team A review of resources will take place between you and the research dept to facilitate the research If a need is identified the research dept will refer you to the research nurses How to register an interest for assistance