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HUMANIST VCE Dr. Evangelos Bekiaris HUMANIST President.

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Presentation on theme: "HUMANIST VCE Dr. Evangelos Bekiaris HUMANIST President."— Presentation transcript:

1 HUMANIST VCE Dr. Evangelos Bekiaris HUMANIST President

2 2 Aim HUMANIST to become THE Center of Excellence on HMI for ITS in transport, with emphasis on:  knowledge and principles transfer from mode to mode  the specification, design and evaluation of HMI for multimodal, intermodal and integrated transport chains.

3 3 Members 3 additional members under accession 1 member that has withdrawn 24 members from 16 countries  ISG -ADI-CIGEST - Instituto Superior de Gestão (Portugal)  CDV - Centrum Dopravniho Vyzkumu v.v.i. (Czech Republic)  CERTH-HIT - Hellenic Institute of Transport (Greece)  Cidaut Foundation – Research Institute (Spain)  CTAG – Automotive Technology Centre (Spain)  DTU - Danish Transport Research Institute (Denmark)  ESRI - University of Loughborough (United Kingdom)  FACTUM - FACTUM Chaloupka & Risser OHG (Austria)  IFSTTAR - Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l'aménagement et des réseaux (France)  INTRAS-SINTEC - Universitat de Valencia (Spain)  Palacky University – Czech Republic  WIVW - University of Wurzburg (Germany)  SWOV - Institute for Road Safety Research (Netherlands)  TOI - Institute of Transport Economics (Norway)  TUC - Chemnitz University of Technology (Germany)  UPM - Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain)  VTI - Swedish Transport Research Institute (Sweden)  VTT - Technical Research Centre of Finland (Finland)  UPATRAS - University of Patras (Greece)  CTL - “Sapienza” University of Rome (Italy)  RE: Lab – Italy  UNEW – University of Newcastle (UK)  Fraunhofer IAO – Research Institute of Stuttgart (Germany)  Ben Gurion University – University of Negev (Israel)  BIVV – Research Institute in Brussels (Belgium)

4 4 Advisory Group Synthesis Peter Burns, University of Quebec Lina Konstantinopoulou, ERTICO Keizuke Suzuki, University of Kagawa Andreas Keinath, BMW Michael Regan, University of South Wales Jean-Pierre Medevielle, HUMANIST President of Honour

5 5 Task Forces TF1: HMI for clean vehicles  Moderator: Annie Pauzié, IFSTTAR TF2: Driver Distraction & HMI  Moderator: Anna Anund, VTI TF3: HMI for VRU’s  Moderator: Stella Nikolaou, CERTH/HIT TF4: HMI for non-Road & multimodal Transport  Moderator: José Manuel Menendez, UPM TF5: Research & Innovation Roadmap  Moderator: Evangelos Bekiaris, HUMANIST President TF6: Resilient Transport systems  Moderator: Anabela Simoes, CIGEST TF7: Autonomous Vehicles  Moderator: Nicole van Nes, SWOV

6 HUMANIST H2020 Vision Dr. Evangelos Bekiaris HUMANIST President CERTH/HIT Research Director European Conference on Human Centred Design for Intelligent Transport Systems June 5, 2014 Vienna, Austria

7 H2020: EYES ON AUTOMATION June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 7

8 Levels of Driving Automation for On-Road Vehicles (SAE International) European Conference on HCD for ITS June 5, 20148

9 Road Automation & Safety: Considerations Human-centered definitions of levels of automation Definition of hand-off processes between driver and system and how to test them Vehicles with different levels of automation  Challenges in HMI design Secondary tasks and influences on cockpit design Can disengaged driver be brought back to attention, and how soon? Matching driver mental model to actual system concept of operations What level and kind of driver status display is needed? Is an external display of automated status needed for other drivers? Long-term unintended consequences of increased reliance on automation? How to reconcile individual driver desire for convenience with need for safety? in combination with: Defining resiliency to include safety, reliability and security; Address simultaneously or in sequence? European Conference on HCD for ITS June 5, HUMANIST H2020 Topic: Human factor issues in partial and conditional automationHuman factor issues in partial and conditional automation

10 H2020: PRIORITY ON VRU SAFETY ENHANCEMENT June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 10

11 VRU Fatalities – Worldwide perspective (2010) Source: Bosch June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 11

12 VRU Accidents: Statistics & Observations Statistics (CARE, 2010)  Pedestrian fatalities accounted for 20% of the total road fatalities in The proportion is higher for children and the elderly than for other age groups.  35% of children killed in European roads in 2008 were pedestrians.  Elderly account for 40% of the total road fatalities in EU-23. Statistics (Road Safety Annual Report 2014, IRTAD)  Less success in saving lives among vulnerable road users than amongst car occupants. Reductions in deaths of pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists have levelled-off and some increases have been recorded since 2009/10.  Close to 40% of all pedestrians killed belong to the age group 65+. In-depth observations (VRUITS, 2013)  In the majority of cases, accidents tend to occur in urban areas with lower speed limits (50km/h), with a passenger car being the most frequent collision partner.  Some important parameters could not be determined. These include vehicle characteristics, vehicle speed pre-collision and pedestrian actions prior to collision. June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 12

13 VRU Safety & ITS: Research Priorities (iMobility VRU WG) Large-Scale Field Operational Tests for Vulnerable Road Users Need for incident, near-miss and pre-crash data related to Vulnerable Road Users (incl. single accidents). Specificities of PTW’s on application and services and their interaction with other road users. Integrated safety for children, elderly and persons with reduced mobility as pedestrians, cyclists and ebike users. Interaction of VRU’s with automated and non-automated vehicles. June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 13

14 HUMANIST Research Priorities on VRU Safety & Comfort Large-Scale Field Operational Tests for Vulnerable Road Users Large-Scale Field Operational Tests for Vulnerable Road Users Cooperative ITS technologies for safeguarding children safety Cooperative ITS technologies for safeguarding children safety Interaction of VRU with automated and non- automated vehicles Interaction of VRU with automated and non- automated vehicles June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 14

15 H2020: FUTURE AUTOMOTIVE COCKPITS - AUGMENTED REALITY June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 15

16 Augmented Reality in the Driver Cockpit (Source: BOSCH) June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 16

17 Augmented Reality in Automotive: Trends (Source: BOSCH) There is clearly a strong trend that the consumer expects AR based HMI in the Automotive cockpits. AR systems in Automotive cockpits calls for advanced knowledge in optics, data fusion, ability to offer real time content and offering the right user experience. AR will be seen/used in the short term in Head-up displays, Instrument cluster and head-units. Users find the sensible augmentation of information useful and less distracting and consider AR based HMI as modern and innovative. June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 17 HUMANIST H2020 Topic: Augmented reality in urban mobility (ITS or urban mobility)Augmented reality in urban mobility (ITS or urban mobility)

18 H2020: T RANSPORT W ORKPROGRAMME PROS PROJECT TOPICS June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 18

19 PROS Project: Aggregation of Topics - HUMAN June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 19 H4 Analysis of road user behaviour H5+6 Methodologies to analyse road user behaviour H7 Enforcement, incentives, alternative approaches H8 Training of road users H9 The older person / the disabled person H10 Cultural aspects of road safety H1 Biomechanics + injury modeling H2 Next generation crash dummies H9 The older person / the disabled person Behaviour in traffic – Making us safer road users Improving protection in crashes – Counteracting our fragility Comment: HMI aspects not included in vehicle area should be included here (aiming at a personalised and adaptive HMI) H3 Personal safety equipment for VRUs (behavioural aspects) Champion: SAFER Champion: HUMANIST H2020 Topic: Behaviour in traffic – Making us safer road usersBehaviour in traffic – Making us safer road users

20 H2020: T RANSPORT W ORKPROGRAMME Sustainable road users Training through ICT & ITS June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 20

21 What can ITS training improve? Increase road users knowledge, improve behaviour and enhance perception of the road environment. Understand in-vehicle and infrastructure-based ITS and road automation, their benefits and their limitations. Increase road user awareness, safety and comfort. Provide knowledge on practical use, improving handling of effects while using. Minimise safety risks due to misuse and/or lack of knowledge on technology functionality. Enhance safety and efficient mobility, as well as promote eco-friendly road transport. 21

22 H2020: DANGEROUS GOODS TRANSPORT SAFETY June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 22

23 DG transport – Accidents impacts Loss of human life: Over 200 people have died in Europe as result of tunnel fires (successive effect of collisions) in the last decade (16 fire accidents occurred in road tunnels in Europe from 1986 until 2006), while 3% of the accidents in bridges are fatal (vs. 2% in total accidents). Economic damage: the Gotthard tunnel accident cost was estimated to be 12 million Euros, only in terms of repair and insured losses for vehicles Cost and time inefficiency: a single crash may close the infrastructure for many hours, creating long queues and delays, with vast financial cost induced for the whole business chain June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 23

24 DG transport – Beyond accidents Environmental damage due to traffic pollution in queues, noise pollution and wasted energy (fuel) during queuing. As a result of accidents, traffic jams but also road works and other unexpected events but also due to the different national regulations and individual infrastructure policies (i.e. DG vehicles are not allowed in Gotthard tunnel), truck drivers are often forced to follow secondary roads and alternative routes. The actual accident risk and impact when using secondary roads or other alternative ways is not calculated. No particular guidance on the safest alternative when drivers need to re- route. The business chain is not notified about routes and incidents; so, unable to react when needed Big delays in infrastructures – no passage priority (creating more delays…) No automatic check of vehicles, cargo and driver (more delays, frequently reason for non-passage) June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 24

25 Technological Responses to Priorities Routing: use of a multiparametric decision support system to obtain optimum routes (also in case of re-routing)  Weighted Criteria: Safety (Individual/Societal), Security, Cost, Environmental Damage  Taking into account local rules & restrictions, traffic and environmental data, vehicle and cargo status Monitoring: use of advanced telematics to monitor dangerous goods movements Logistics Chain Notification: notify all involved actors of the Logistics Chain what they should be aware of in case of an incident – fast reaction and guidance Enforcement/emergency through telematic solution Automatic (pre-trip) Passage Priority to reduce delays (critical also for Vulnerable Goods transport) June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 25 HUMANIST H2020 Topic: Safe, Efficient, Secure and Environmental Friendly Transport of Dangerous and High Value GoodsSafe, Efficient, Secure and Environmental Friendly Transport of Dangerous and High Value Goods

26 H2020: T RANSPORT W ORKPROGRAMME Strengthening the ERA June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 26

27 Integration and Coordination of ERA in Transport Submitted and promoted by HUMANIST President through the European Transport Research Alliance (ETRA). Proposed as a topic under Area 9 for the Transport Workprogramme. Scope: A forum for communication, collaboration, relationship- building should develop multi-stakeholder interactions and produce an action plan for innovative solution/options for transport and mobility to advance the agenda of the transport sector and society at large. The work should be inclusive of the state of the art of ideas, trials and business endeavours on new mobility concepts (VERA-T). June 5, 2014 European Conference on HCD for ITS 27 HUMANIST H2020 Topic: Integration and Coordination of ERA in TransportIntegration and Coordination of ERA in Transport


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