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Bacterial Jeopardy I feel sick : ( Asexual healin’ I like your genes Baccillus that kill us Natural Flora Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Q $100 Q $200 Q $300 Q $400 Q $500 Final Jeopardy
$100 Question from H1 Why are viruses considered NON-living?
$100 Answer from H1 They are unable to perform many of the characteristics of life on their own and must do so INSIDE a HOST cell.
$200 Question from H1 What is the ‘backbone’ of DNA made of?
$200 Answer from H1 Alternating sugars (deoxyribose) and phosphates
$300 Question from H1 How do bacteria reproduce?
$300 Answer from H1 Asexually, by Binary Fission
$400 Question from H1
$400 Answer from H1 G. The organisms’ DNA sequences
$500 Question from H1 What is the end product of Binary Fission?
$500 Answer from H1 2 identical daughter cells
$100 Question from H2 What can be used to prevent viruses?
$100 Answer from H2 Vaccines
$200 Question from H2
$200 Answer from H2 J. it can be treated with an antibiotic
$300 Question from H2 What is a virus composed of?
$300 Answer from H2 A protein coat (capsid), and either DNA or RNA
$400 Question from H2
$400 Answer from H2 A. Making nutrients for cells
$500 Question from H2 This is the term that refers to a virus or bacteria that can cause disease.
$500 Answer from H2 Pathogen or Pathogenic
$100 Question from H3
$100 Answer from H3 G. Parasitism benefits only one organism, while Mutualism benefits both organisms
$200 Question from H3 How can bacteria cause disease? (mechanism)
$200 Answer from H3 By secreting TOXINS (poisons)
$300 Question from H3 What are the “steps” or “rungs” on the ladder of DNA called?
$300 Answer from H3 Nitrogen bases: Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine
$400 Question from H3
$400 Answer from H3 J. Viruses are dependent on host cells of living Organisms.
$500 Question from H3 Where is the DNA located in a Bacteria?
$500 Answer from H3 Floating or suspended in the cytoplasm, Usually near the center of the cell
$100 Question from H4 How is bacterial DNA arranged?
$100 Answer from H4 Usually in a circular manner
$200 Question from H4 What is the basic UNIT of DNA? *hint: consists of 3 parts
$200 Answer from H4 NUCLEOTIDE
$300 Question from H4 If a bacteria wants to divide, AKA – go through binary fission, what must it FIRST do?
$300 Answer from H4 Replicate it’s DNA
$400 Question from H4 A virus is intending to infect a cell, what are some factors that might affect whether or not the virus is able to do so?
$400 Answer from H4 The Host’s own immune system, Whether or not the virus has the ‘keys’ to the host cell (Receptors
$500 Question from H4 What is this picture showing?
$500 Answer from H4 Replication of DNA
$100 Question from H5 What is this a diagram of AND what does this process accomplish?
$100 Answer from H5 Conjugation Sharing of genetic material, INCREASES genetic Diversity
$200 Question from H5 What is this process called AND what is the error that has happened called? What might this error result in?
$200 Answer from H5 Replication Mutation Change in the organism that could be an advantage or disadvantage.
$300 Question from H5 This is a bacterial growth plate with antibiotic soaked paper discs. Which antibiotic was LEAST effective?
$300 Answer from H5 Least amount of bacterial inhibition…
$400 Question from H5 If A=T and G=C, and the DNA strand here is 30% T, then what percent A would it be? What percent G and C?
$400 Answer from H5 A = T, T = 30% A = 30% Total = 60% G = C G = 20%, C = 20% Total = 40% = 100%
$500 Question from H5 What is this cycle called? What is the result of this cycle?
$500 Answer from H5 Lytic Cycle Bacterial Death by Lysis (rupture, bursting)
Final Jeopardy List at least 4 differences between Bacteria & Viruses
Final Jeopardy Answer
Virus A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell.
Chapter 10 – Molecular Biology of the Gene $100 $200 $300 $400 $500 $100$100$100 $200 $300 $400 $500 Scientific Discoveries DNA and RNA Replication, Transcription.
DNA Replication. What is DNA? Stands for Deoxyribonucleic Acid Has three main parts: 1. Sugar molecules (deoxyribose) 2. Phosphate 3. Nitrogen bases.
Journal: Describe how DNA is replicated. Q. What is the shape of DNA? A. Double Helix.
Viruses & Bacteria Chapter 19. I. Viruses Q: Is a virus living or nonliving? Viruses HAVE: DNA or RNA Reproduce (only in living cells)
Bacteria and Viruses Chapter Bacteria Prokaryotes – single-celled organisms that do not have membrane bound organelles Has three shapes:
Chapter 4. Standard #1: Cell Division (Mitosis) - 7.S Standard #2: Cell Reproduction (Meiosis) - 7.S Standard #3: DNA - 7.S
Chapter 11 DNA and GENES. DNA: The Molecule of Heredity DNA, the genetic material of organisms, is composed of four kinds nucleotides. A DNA molecule.
Lesson 3 Reading Guide Lesson 7-3 What are Viruses?
Warm Up! 1. What kind of biomolecule is DNA? 2. What function does it have? 3. What are the building blocks?
How do bacteria reproduce? How are viruses replicated? Today we are covering from the specification:
BACTERIA. What are Monerans? Monerans are believed to have existed longer than any other life form on Earth Most monerans are types of BACTERIA.
Class Notes 1: Bacteria and Virus I. Bacteria A. Remember that bacteria are prokaryotes. B. This means that they are simple cells. C. They do not have.
End Show Slide 1 of 37 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 12–1 DNA.
Viruses. Relative sizes Viruses are one of the smallest biological structures known Between 20 and 50 nanometers in size. The average animal cell.
DNA – What Is It? Write down everything you know about DNA on the back of the notetaking worksheet.
Chapter 19. Identifying Prokaryotes Shape Bacilli- rod shaped Cocci- sphere shaped Spirilla- spiral shaped Cell walls- Gram staining Eubacteria stain.
Nucleic Acids Nucleic acids provide the directions for building proteins. Two main types… DNA – deoxyribonucleic acid Genetic material (genes) that.
1 The Cell Cycle The life cycle of a cell is called the cell cycle. The cell cycle begins when the cell is formed and ends when the cell divides and forms.
Virus and Bacteria Outline I.Virus A. microscopic,disease B. Non-living because C. Host cell D. Structure (3 parts) E. Lytic vs. lysogenic F. Examples.
Bacteria, Viruses, Prions, and Protists. Bacteria Unicellular or Multicellular? Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic? Cells Walls?
Chapter 9 DNA: The Genetic Material Sections 1-3 Section 1- Identifying the Genetic Material Section 2- The Structure of DNA Section 3- The Replication.
DNA: Structure. DNA Structure and Purpose In simplest terms, DNA is a blueprint for life. It is made up of genes which hold the information for making.
Viruses. 1.“Virus” is the Latin word for poison. 2. All viruses have one thing in common: They enter living cells and, once inside, use the machinery.
Review What organelle is the “control center” of the cell? The nucleus What structures are found in the nucleus? Chromosomes What structures are located.
DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid Structure and Function.
Bacteria & Viruses. Bacteria The earliest known fossils are of 3.5 billion year old bacteria Most bacteria come in 1 of 3 possible shapes: spherical,
The Structure of DNA The building block of DNA (and RNA) is the nucleotide. Each nucleotide has 3 parts: A sugar (deoxyribose in DNA) A phosphate group.
DNA Structure and function. Journey into the cell.
Viruses. Is a Virus Alive? Viruses are not considered living because they are missing key characteristics of living organisms.
Discussion Questions - DNA Build It Lab 1.Backbone is made up of phosphate and deoxyribose sugar.
Viruses For EOC Review. IV.Preventing Bacterial Disease 1. Vaccine- A preparation of a weakened or killed pathogen, such as a bacterium or virus. Body.
Have Your DNA and Eat It Too I will be able to describe the structure of the DNA molecule I will be able to explain the rules of base pairing I will understand.
Jeopardy $100 Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes Bacteria Characteristics Helpful/Harmful Bacteria VirusesMisc. $200 $300 $400 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $500 $400.
TAKS OBJECTIVE 3 TEKS OBJECTIVE 4(D) Bacteria: The Good and the Bad The student knows that cells are the basic structures of all living things and have.
DNA and RNA Chapter 12. Types of Nucleic Acids DNA (Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid) RNA (Ribose Nucleic Acid)
DNA Structure DNA consists of two molecules that are arranged into a ladder-like structure called a Double Helix. A molecule of DNA is made up of millions.
DNA. DNA is made up of six smaller molecules a sugar called deoxyribose a phosphate molecule four different nitrogenous bases (adenine, thymine, cytosine.
CHAPTER 12 DNA Identifying the Substance of Genes Griffith was trying to find a vaccine for Streptococcus pneumoniae. Worked with two types or strains.
Molecular Biology of the Gene Chapter 12. Outline Genetic Material Transformation DNA Structure Watson and Crick Eukaryotic DNA Replication.
Objective: What are the similarities and differences between bacteria and viruses?
Viruses. Characteristics of Viruses Non cellular structures – do not have membranes or any cell organelles. Consist of an outer protein coat (capsid)
3.3.1 DNA Structure DNA is a polymer of Nucleotides 1.Sugar (5C) 2.Phosphate Group (C-5) 3.Nitrogenous Base (C-1) Phosphate Pentose Sugar Nitrogenous.
Aim: How does DNA store the genetic information? DNA.
Viruses Non-living - does not grow, eat, release waste, or breathe. Is able to reproduce, but only when inside a host (the cell that a virus enters) 100.
Ch. 9 How Genes Work. Ch. 9-1 Understanding DNA How Scientists Identified the Genetic Material Scientists knew that chromosomes were involved in the transmission.
DNA: STRUCTURE AND REPLICATION. DNA: The Code of Life DNA is the molecule that contains all of the hereditary material for an organism It is found.
THE GENETIC CODE THE STRUCTURE OF DNA. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CHROMOSOME, GENE, AND DNA? A gene is a section of DNA that gives the code for a.
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