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FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE : Breaking the Barriers to Sustainable Development Ade Adeola Managing Director Project & Export Finance Standard Chartered Bank,

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Presentation on theme: "FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE : Breaking the Barriers to Sustainable Development Ade Adeola Managing Director Project & Export Finance Standard Chartered Bank,"— Presentation transcript:

1 FINANCING INFRASTRUCTURE : Breaking the Barriers to Sustainable Development Ade Adeola Managing Director Project & Export Finance Standard Chartered Bank, London April 2009

2 2 Agenda  Introduction  Infrastructure Finance Trends  Breaking the Barriers to Sustainable Investment  Conclusions & Recommendations  Leveraging on Experience

3 3  Leading the way in Asia, Africa and the Middle East  Largest international bank in the Middle East & Africa  Strong focus on China, Japan, Korea, and Africa top 3 foreign bank in each major market  Our Global Presence  FTSE 100 and Hong Kong Stock Exchange listed  Long term credit rating A2 (Moody’s) and A (S&P)  550 locations serving 56 countries  Our Local Presence  On the ground expertise in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, India region and Latin America  Facilitates delivery of innovative products, supported by quality delivery systems and excellent customer service  Our Value Proposition and Product delivery  Strong on-shore presence and in-depth local knowledge  Relationship and leverage with key corporates and institutions  Coupled with a deep understanding of the local markets, our product capabilities are tailored to suit client’s needs. Bilateral Credit Cash management Trade Finance FX, Derivatives Loan syndication Fixed Income Forfaiting M & A Equity Private Placement LBO/MBO Private Equity Investing Raising Capital and Risk Management Strategy and Equity Project & Export Finance Arranging & Advisory Structured Trade Finance Securitisation Providing banking solutions to meet the needs of our clients Standard Chartered- Leading the Way in Africa, ME & Asia

4 Financings & Current Mandates  NNPC/ExxonMobil NGL 2 Project- Nigeria-$220m  SCB acted as Financial Advisor and MLA in providing the NGL II project with US$220m add-on facility that was the first substantial oil and gas sector financing to come exclusively from Nigeria’s newly consolidated local banks.  ADDAX Petroleum-Gabon/Nigeria- $500m  In May, Addax Petroleum entered into a two-year, US$500 million senior revolving credit facility arranged by Calyon, Standard Chartered Bank and BNP Paribas. This was a hybrid corporate deal with a greenshoe option  OANDO plc- - Nigeria USD138m  Financial Advisor and Arranger for up to USD 140m facility to finance acquisition and upgrade of the Oilfields.  ALSCON-Rusal- - Nigeria USD130m  Sole Arranger for $130m bridge facility to finance acquisition and upgrade of the ALSCON aluminium smelter.  The bank has committed substantial resources to Africa. This is evidenced by the number of financial advisory and structuring mandates awarded by top tier sponsors in This includes: 1. Lekki Port Nigeria, $1.1billion 2. Main One Telecoms Cable Project-Nigeria, $120m 3. Lafarge Euro 225m Expansion facility 4. Viva Methanol Project, $1.2billion 5. Natural Gas Liquids supplemental financing, $200m 6. NNPC /ExxonMobil Satellite Oilfields Advisory, $680m 7. Addax Izombe LPG Project-

5 Financings & Current Mandates  NNPC/ExxonMobil NGL 2 Project- Nigeria-$220m  SCB acted as Financial Advisor and MLA in providing the NGL II project with US$220m add-on facility that was the first substantial oil and gas sector financing to come exclusively from Nigeria’s newly consolidated local banks.  ADDAX Petroleum-Gabon/Nigeria- $500m  In May, Addax Petroleum entered into a two-year, US$500 million senior revolving credit facility arranged by Calyon, Standard Chartered Bank and BNP Paribas. This was a hybrid corporate deal with a greenshoe option  OANDO plc- - Nigeria USD138m  Financial Advisor and Arranger for up to USD 140m facility to finance acquisition and upgrade of the Oilfields.  ALSCON-Rusal- - Nigeria USD130m  Sole Arranger for $130m bridge facility to finance acquisition and upgrade of the ALSCON aluminium smelter.  The bank has committed substantial resources to Africa. This is evidenced by the number of financial advisory and structuring mandates awarded by top tier sponsors in This includes:  Lekki Port Nigeria, $1.1billion  Main One Telecoms Cable Project-Nigeria, $120m  Viva Methanol, $1.2billion  Natural Gas Liquids supplemental financing, $220m  NNPC /ExxonMobil Satellite Oilfields, $680m  Lafarge Euro 225m Expansion facility  Addax Izombe LPG Project  DP World Port -Senegal,  Tullow Jubilee Oilfields project Ghana  Tata: Itezhi-Itezhi Power project-Zambia,  Sasol Inzalo- South Africa  Kosmos Energy-Ghana,  Kengen- Kenya.

6 Infrastructure Finance Trends: Statistics and Commentaries

7 7 Infrastructure Projects- Setting the Scene  Physical Infrastructure projects are ‘those services without which primary, secondary, and tertiary production activities cannot function’ Specifically capital-intensive facilities in:  Electric power (generation and distribution)  Energy (refineries, pipelines, processing facilities, etc.)  Telecommunications  Transportation (ports, toll roads,railways, etc.)  Water / Sewerage  The Input – technology, capital equipment, expertise are sourced mainly in the international markets and typically financed in international currencies.  The output (e.g., electricity, petroleum products) is sold primarily in the domestic market and paid for in local currency  The Debt/Bonds used to finance these projects are therefore exposed to 2 main risks  Devaluation – Reduction of USD value of cashflows below debt service levels.  Convertibility – Risks that local authorities may block the exchange of local currency revenues into dollars or block currency transfers from the host country

8 8 The Infrastructure Situation at a Glance  Infrastructure investment – a year proposition that requires insight & foresight!  Governments – adopting concessions/greenfield projects, PPPs vs. asset privatisations  Sector Trends  Telecommunications: strong cashflow from cellular services. Currently Private sector driven  Power: Poor cashflows due to sub-economic tarrifs and under-investment  Historically, cross-subsidised to benefit small residential consumers, implying politically difficult adjustment process to generate sustainable cashflows.  Private sector involvement without govt capacity support may be limited to independent power producer (IPP) projects servicing large customers (industrials, distributors, etc.)  Transport:  airports and shipping ports generate strong cashflow today.  roads and rail networks generate limited revenues and may need govt transfers (shadow tolling).  Water and Sewerage: limited cashflow in Emerging mkts- viewed as the ultimate “public good”.

9 9 Global Infrastructure Coverage & the Africa Situation

10 10 Infrastructure Finance Trends  Traditionally financed out of general government revenues  Trend in recent years for infrastructure to be financed on a project basis or for infrastructure projects to be purchased or developed by the private sector.  Given the high initial capital costs of infrastructure projects, long-term financing is essential for privately- owned infrastructure projects to be financially viable  Financing is now available from the private sector – in many instances with foreign private investors and creditors playing a major role  Key Growth Drivers  Privatisation- Govts adopting concessions/ PPP greenfield projects vs. asset privatisations  Commodity related infrastructure e.g. Mining, “Infrastructure enablers” offered by Resource players  Improving Governance e.g. Pension fund and Policy reforms  Private Equity Funds looking for higher yields (Reducing margins in Europe & Middle East Markets)  Technology leverage

11 11 Evolution of Private Infrastructure Investment in Africa (1990 – 2007)

12 Breaking the Barriers to Sustainable Investment

13 13  Macro & Regional Barriers  The prevalence of inefficient monopoly providers (state owned)  Scarcity of investment spend because prices have been held below cost  Inadequate local expertise to structure long term Project financing  Lack of depth and defined yield curves in local debt and capital markets  Absence of incentive mechanism (fiscal tax etc) to encourage infrastructure financing  Governance and Management Barriers  Public Sector as equity holder is problematic. ( often essential to get other parties involved)  Appointment of concession holder due to political considerations which may not have right management experience for difficult initial stages of the project  May undertake project location and or management decisions on political considerations  Increase perceived commercial risks for debt finance  Sovereign and Cross-Border risks Barriers to Sustainable Infrastructure Development

14 14 CASHFLOW Regulatory Framework and Macro Stability Tariffs / Fees / Tolls Govt Supplements (MYTO?) FINANCING Equity and Management Bank Debt (Loans) and Capital Markets Debts (Bonds) Credit enhancements possible? Critical Investment Barriers & Enablers

15 15  Sponsors: Local parties to improve credit worthiness, corporate governance and management capacity  Banks: Innovative structures to project, corporate, and sovereign financings, with the aim of improving credit ratings for transactions:  Structures to mitigate the risk of devaluation, and  Structure to facilitate the use of local debt and capital markets, which can provide financing denominated in the currency in which the project earns its revenues  Structure to breach the sovereign ceiling, which therefore permit the transaction’s (global scale) local currency rating to become its foreign currency rating  Governments: Strong institutional framework for protecting creditors rights and improved access to legal enforcement and remedy  Development Finance Institutions and ECAs: – Country risk mitigation instruments (PRI & Gtees) – Deepen depth of Africa capital markets (Credit enhancement for Debts & Bonds, risk participations etc) What is required to achieve sustainable development? Need for diversification of funding sources( Equity, Debt & Capital Markets) and mobilisation of long term investment from local and international markets

16 16 The Art of the Possible - Nigeria  Homework is key  Generation Mix: existing capacity, existing IPPs,New IPPs  Comprehensive policy for greenfield IPPs and privatisations  Sector-wide Payment security mechanism and Nature of Sovereign Support  Enabling Legislation, Permits and Approvals  Ensure sector and tariff reforms lead to reduced reliance on payment support mechanisms  Tie-in with Distribution Privatisation  Process & Packaging  Investor and Lender Roadshows  Engage Advisors  Comprehensive and transparent RFP Package  Adherence to timeframe and deadlines  Don’t expect too much from the very first deals  Need to attract international investors and lenders  Progressive shift in risk allocation

17 17 How Can We Help?  Project Finance Advisory  Financial Modeling & Evaluation  Structuring multi-sourced and multi-phase financing plan  Managing Due Diligence Process  Risk Allocation and Project Agreements review / mark up  Preparation of Proposal  Negotiations with Offtakers and Financiers  Commercial Debt, Export Credits, B Loans, Debt Capital Markets  Underwriting, Lead Arranging and Financial Close  Privatisation Advisory  Sector Strategy  Risk Allocation  RFP Preparation and Packaging  Roadshows in Europe, Middle East and Asia  Bid Evaluation, Negotiation and Selection  Monitoring Financial Close

18 18  We believe that Nigeria has a huge scope for value creating investment in infrastructure  But most African markets do not have sufficient tax and government revenues for pure public sector funding  Funding is not the critical barrier  Project finance remains available for well structured projects  Credit markets can dealing with currency and political risks, for bankable projects  Revenue is not generally the critical barrier  The Governments in Nigeria have started the broad policies and regulatory changes to support stable revenue streams  There are greater challenges associated with revenue transfer arrangements e.g. in water & sewerage, roads Summary A key management and institutional gap remains. This can be overcome by greater involvement of private equity and debt in financing of infrastructure

19 19 Bujagali Hydro (Uganda) Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Ongoing AES Ebute (Nigeria) Independent Power Plant Ongoing Off-take Credit Support Provider Energia Azteca x Energia de Baja California (Mexico) USD 804 M Project financing for a 1,060 MW natural gas power plant Arranger On-going Empresa Electrica Ventanas (Chile) USD 440 M Project financing for a 242 MW greenfield coal-fired plant Arranger & Documentation Agent 2007 PT Indonesia Power (Indonesia) USD 55 M SBLC for Gas Purchase Lead Arranger Ongoing IBOM IPP (Nigeria) Independent Power Plant Ongoing Mandated Lead Arranger & Modelling Bank Confidential Itezhi-Tezhi IPP (Zambia) Proejct Financing of IPP Ongoing Financial Adviser Mandated Lead Arranger 2007 Marrafiq IWPP (Saudi Arabia) US$ 3,300 M Project Financing Power & Infrastructure Credentials Notable Deals

20 20 Shuqaiq IWPP (Saudi Arabia) USD 1,400 M Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger 2007 Mandated Lead Arranger and Hedging Bank 2006 Fujairah IWPP (UAE) USD 1,500 M Project Financing Taweelah A-1 10 (Abu Dhabi) USD 1,100 M Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger 2005 Mandated Lead Arranger Hedging Bank 2005 Nam Theun 2 Hydropower Project (Laos) US$ 1,581 M Project Financing AES Sonel (Cameroon) Capex Programme Financing 2006 Security Trustee & Facility Agent for IFC, Proparco, EIB, AfDB, DEG & FMO Mandated Lead Arranger 2006 Al-Hidd IPP (Bahrain) Project Financing Shuaibah IWPP (Saudi Arabia) US$ 2,542 M Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger 2006 MALAKOFF Taweelah B IWPP (Abu Dhabi) US$ 2,670 M Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Structuring Bank, Insurance Bank Documentation Bank, Joint Bookrunner, JBIC Co-ordinator, Hedge provider 2005 PENDEKAR POWER (LABUAN) Power & Infrastructure Credentials Notable Deals

21 21 Regional Infrastructure Deals (I) (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Mesaieed IWPP (Qatar) Project Financing USD 2.2 bn Mandated Lead Arranger Sohar Power (Oman) USD 446M Project Re-Financing Bookrunner and Mandated Lead Arranger Port Said East Power (Egypt) USD 302M Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Suez Gulf Power (Egypt) USD 296M Project Financing Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Dolareh Container Terminal (Djibouti) USD 300M Islamic Project Financing Financial Advisor, Mandated Lead Arranger XXX (XXX) USD XXX Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger (U.A.E.) USD 290M Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Emirates Cement Company Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Masdar (U.A.E) USD 500M Project Financing (Current) Financial Advisor Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Qasim International Container Terminal (Pakistan) USD 100M Islamic Project Financing (Current) Financial Advisor, Mandated Lead Arranger

22 22 XXX (XXX) USD XXX Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Marafiq IWPP (Saudi Arabia) USD 2.2B Project Financing Financial Advisor XXX (XXX) USD XXX Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Shuqaiq IWPP (Saudi Arabia) USD 2.0B Project Financing Financial Advisor Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) USD 855m Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Disi-Mudawwara Water Conveyance Pipeline (Jordan) USD 1,000M Project Financing Financial Advisor ADWEA Sewage Treatment Plant (U.A.E) Confidential Financial Advisor Project Financing Regional Infrastructure Deals (II) XXX (XXX) USD XXX Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Al Ezzel Power (Bahrain) USD 372M Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Rousch Power Ras Laffan (Qatar) USD 712m Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Rousch Power (Pakistan) USD 328M Interest Rate Swaps Structuring & Hedging Bank Taweelah-B (U.A.E) USD 2,056M Project Financing Pre-bid Underwriter and Mandated Lead Arranger XXX (XXX) USD XXX Project Financing Mandated Lead Arranger Shuaibah IWPP (Saudi Arabia) USD 1.9B Project Financing Financial Adviser Mandated Lead Arranger

23 23 National District Cooling (U.A.E) AED 700M Project Financing Lead Arranger Mandated Lead Arranger Project Financing USD 855M Umm-Al-Naar IWPP (U.A.E) Tihama Power (Saudi Arabia) USD 510M Project Financing Lead Arranger Sohar IWPP (Oman) USD 414M Project Financing Pre-bid Underwriter and Mandated Lead Arranger Regional Infrastructure Deals (III) Thuraya Satellite (U.A.E) Project Financing Financial Advisor Sole Arranger/Lender 2003 Ministry of Finance Ghana Re: Korle Lagoon Ecological Restoration Project (Ghana) USD 37 million ECA Buyer Credit Facility Ghana Telecom (Ghana) USD 30 Million ECA Facility Mandated Lead Arranger & Sole Lender 2005 Sole Arranger/Lender 2003 Ministry of Finance Ghana Re: Korle Lagoon Ecological Restoration Project (Ghana) USD 37 million ECA Buyer Credit Facility


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