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GROUP SUCCESS p.187 – 200 AQA A2 ‘There is no ‘I’ in team……. But there is a ‘me’ if you look hard enough’

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Presentation on theme: "GROUP SUCCESS p.187 – 200 AQA A2 ‘There is no ‘I’ in team……. But there is a ‘me’ if you look hard enough’"— Presentation transcript:

1 GROUP SUCCESS p.187 – 200 AQA A2 ‘There is no ‘I’ in team……. But there is a ‘me’ if you look hard enough’

2 AQA A Level Physical Education A 6581 Next Previous A2 Module 4G.2 GROUPS A GROUP IS two or more people interacting with one another so that each person influences and is influenced by the others has a collective identity and a sense of shared purpose a social aggregate involving mutual awareness and potential interaction with structured patterns of communication examples : –crowd at a soccer match –soccer team –parents watching their children swim Groups and Teams

3 AQA A Level Physical Education A 6581 Next Previous A2 Module 4G.3 SUCCESSFUL GROUPS / TEAMS SUCCESSFUL GROUPS have a strong collective identity members have an opportunity to socialise have members who share goals and ambitions and share ownership of ideas have members who are able to communicate effectively (on the same wavelength) have strong cohesion (see later slides) have members who value relationships within the group have a successful coach or leader (see later slides) who ensures that members’ contributions to the group are valued Groups and Teams

4 AQA A Level Physical Education A 6581 Next Previous A2 Module 4G.4 STEINER’S MODEL OF A GROUP / TEAM team success = potential for success - coordination and motivation problems actual productivity = potential productivity - losses due to faulty processes POTENTIAL FOR SUCCESS usually skilful individuals make the best team usually individual success (of team members) correlates with overall team success COORDINATION PROBLEMS (for players) occur if there should be a high level of interaction between players but one (or more) player is being selfish or aggressive if a defence is not working together hence overall team performance suffers MOTIVATION PROBLEMS people seem to work less hard in a group than they do on their own example : in rowing, times of winning double sculls are often only slightly faster than single sculls this is social loafing ‘the Ringlemann Effect’ MOTIVATIONAL LOSSES individuals may not share the same motives, this leads to loss of group cohesion example : some players may play a game for social reasons, others in order to win Groups and Teams

5 AQA A Level Physical Education A 6581 Next Previous A2 Module 4G.5 SOCIAL LOAFING, INTERACTION AND COHESION SOCIAL LOAFING individuals reduce their effort when in a group and can hide their lack of effort amongst the effort of other group members can be eliminated if the contribution of an individual can be identified as with player statistics (American Football, Rugby League, Cricket, Basketball) the need for interaction between players varies between sports cooperation between players can be significant in eliminating social loafing COHESION selection of less skilled but more cooperative players the extent to which members of a group exhibit a desire to achieve common goals and group identity friendship groups can have negative effects cohesion has both task and social elements TASK COHESION people who are willing to work together whether or not they get on personally have the potential to be successful SOCIAL COHESION teams with high social cohesion but low task cohesion are less successful Groups and Teams

6 AQA A Level Physical Education A 6581 Next Previous A2 Module 4G.6 COHESION CARRON’s MODEL four factors affect the development of cohesion Groups and Teams ENVIRONMENTAL factors binding members to a team –contracts, location, age, eligibility avoid star system, provide opportunities for socialising PERSONAL factors which members believe are important –motives for taking part give opportunities for motives to be realised develop ownership feelings and social groupings within the team LEADERSHIP the behaviour of leaders and coaches –coaches should use all leadership behaviours to influence different individuals TEAM factors relating to the group –team identity, targets, member ability and role creation of team short and long-term goals rewarding of individual and team efforts


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