Presentation on theme: "‘There is no ‘I’ in team……"— Presentation transcript:
1 ‘There is no ‘I’ in team…… ‘There is no ‘I’ in team……. But there is a ‘me’ if you look hard enough’GROUP SUCCESSp.187 – 200 AQA A2
2 GROUPS A GROUP IS two or more people interacting with one another Groups and TeamsGROUPSA GROUP IStwo or more peopleinteracting with one anotherso that each person influences and is influenced by the othershas a collective identityand a sense of shared purposea social aggregateinvolving mutual awarenessand potential interaction with structured patterns of communicationexamples :crowd at a soccer matchsoccer teamparents watching their children swim
3 SUCCESSFUL GROUPS / TEAMS Groups and TeamsSUCCESSFUL GROUPS / TEAMSSUCCESSFUL GROUPShave a strong collective identitymembers have an opportunity to socialisehave members who share goals and ambitionsand share ownership of ideashave members who are able to communicate effectively (on the same wavelength)have strong cohesion (see later slides)have members who value relationships within the grouphave a successful coach or leader (see later slides)who ensures that members’ contributions to the group are valued
4 STEINER’S MODEL OF A GROUP / TEAM Groups and TeamsSTEINER’S MODEL OF A GROUP / TEAMteam success = potential for success - coordination and motivation problemsactual productivity = potential productivity - losses due to faulty processesPOTENTIAL FOR SUCCESSusually skilful individuals make the best teamusually individual success (of team members) correlates with overall team successCOORDINATION PROBLEMS (for players)occur if there should be a high level of interaction between playersbut one (or more) player is being selfish or aggressiveif a defence is not working togetherhence overall team performance suffersMOTIVATION PROBLEMSpeople seem to work less hard in a group than they do on their ownexample : in rowing, times of winning double sculls are often only slightly faster than single scullsthis is social loafing ‘the Ringlemann Effect’MOTIVATIONAL LOSSESindividuals may not share the same motives, this leads to loss of group cohesionexample : some players may play a game for social reasons, others in order to win
5 SOCIAL LOAFING, INTERACTION AND COHESION Groups and TeamsSOCIAL LOAFING, INTERACTION AND COHESIONSOCIAL LOAFINGindividuals reduce their effort when in a groupand can hide their lack of effort amongst the effort of other group memberscan be eliminated if the contribution of an individual can be identifiedas with player statistics (American Football, Rugby League, Cricket, Basketball)the need for interaction between players varies between sportscooperation between players can be significant in eliminating social loafingCOHESIONselection of less skilled but more cooperative playersthe extent to which members of a group exhibit a desire to achieve common goals and group identityfriendship groups can have negative effectscohesion has both task and social elementsTASK COHESIONpeople who are willing to work together whether or not they get on personallyhave the potential to be successfulSOCIAL COHESIONteams with high social cohesion but low task cohesion are less successful
6 COHESION CARRON’s MODEL Groups and TeamsCOHESIONCARRON’s MODELfour factors affect the development of cohesionENVIRONMENTALfactors binding members to a teamcontracts, location, age, eligibilityavoid star system, provide opportunities for socialisingPERSONALfactors which members believe are importantmotives for taking partgive opportunities for motives to be realiseddevelop ownership feelings and social groupings within the teamLEADERSHIPthe behaviour of leaders and coachescoaches should use all leadership behaviours to influence different individualsTEAMfactors relating to the groupteam identity, targets, member ability and rolecreation of team short and long-term goalsrewarding of individual and team efforts
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