Presentation on theme: "16-19 Funding Formula Changes What it means for Schools and Academies Mark Browne Raising Participation Partnership."— Presentation transcript:
16-19 Funding Formula Changes What it means for Schools and Academies Mark Browne Raising Participation Partnership
“To protect institutions while discussions about academic qualifications are ongoing, I can guarantee that no institution will see its funding per student fall as a result of these changes for at least three years”.
Why change? Comprehensive Spending Review (October 2010) Wolf Review (September 2010 and March 2011) Importance of Teaching (November 2010) Wolf Response (May 2011) 16-19 Funding Consultation (July October 2011) 16-19 Study Programmes (October 2011) 16-19 Funding formula review (July 2012) Because you asked for it!
Raising of the Participation Age What it is Young people in England are expected to continue in education or training until the end of the academic year in which they turn 17 from 2013 and until their 18th birthday from 2015 What it is not Raising of the school leaving age
What is participation? Full-time Education: –School Sixth Form –Further Education College –Sixth Form College –Independent Private Provider An Apprenticeship Part-time learning if employed, self employed or volunteering for more than 20 hours per week
What were they after Per Learner Funded (remove incentives) Non ring-fenced (autonomy and accountability) Supports RPA (affordable) Closes the Gap (x2) Inputs not outputs (fair) No hidden extras (transparent) Aligned (where practical) with pre-16 (targeted) As few variables as possible (simple) Avoids destabilisation (helpful)
What is changing Goodbye SLNs Sayonara Provider Factor Au revoir Programme Weighting Adios Area Cost Arrivederci ALS Farvel Success Factor Da veezhdanye Disadvantage Funding Da svedanya Short Course Modifier La revedere Residential Care Standards
SLN (Standard Learner Number) SLN was the currency/value 1 SLN = 450 Guided Learning Hours (glh) 1 AS Level = 150 glh or 0.33 SLN 1 GCSE = 100 glh or 0.22 SLN Enrichment = 30 glh or 0.066 SLN Funding per SLN (2012/13) £2,920 SLN cap of 1.56 SLN or 702 glh National average SLN is 580 glh per learner 1.29 SLN per learner £3,767 per learner
Provider Factor Recognises differences between providers Incentivises improvements Disadvantage Uplift (Index Multiple Deprivation) + Programme Weighting + Area Cost + Success Factor - £3,767 x 1.111 = £4,185 per learner
1.Disadvantage funding 2.Participation funding Full Time Part Time Weightings 3.Success rates 4.Further simplification 5.Implementation Formula Changes (proposed)
Single disadvantage fund for low level ALS Where costs are below £6,000 Made up from two blocks 1.Economic deprivation 2.Prior attainment of GCSE English and maths Where costs are above £6,000, provider would apply to the local authority to access the High Needs block (or top up fund) Disadvantage Funding
Basic funding rate per learner, per year (600 glh) 1 full time rate and 4 part time rates Pressure from on high likely to introduce higher rate (full time + - will bring national funding rate down) Rate likely to be set in December Work with £3,900 Aligned with principles of the Study Programme Wine glass approach - fill it or don’t! Participation Funding
Retention Factor A* A2 maths B A2 physics U A2 sociology Withdraws from A2 politics Success Factor 0.75 A* A2 maths B A2 physics U A2 sociology Withdraws from A2 politics Retention Factor 1.0
Retention Factor Negative factor Young person completing their ‘learning’ No penalty for failure Take principal learning aim Half way between actual and 100% Simplistic Change to the census may be needed Likely to bring the national funding rate down
Programme Weightings No more than 5. Likely to be 3 Academic weightings merged (therefore disappear) Push national funding rate up Weighting for vocational programmes only Low, medium and high
Area Cost Weightings No change for Berkshire Will apply to everything (at formula end) 12% increase on Disadvantage funding
Formula Protection Funding Transitional Protection remains 2012/13 funding per learner £5,000 –Of which £400 transitional protection –Base funding of £4,600 2013/14 rate is (example) £4,368 Formula protection funding £232 Transitional protection funding £250 Total funding per learner £4,850
Formula Protection Funding 2012/13 funding per learner £4,000 –Of which £400 transitional protection –Base funding of £3,600 2013/14 rate is (example) £4,368 Formula protection funding £768 Transitional protection funding £300 Total funding per learner £5,436
GCSE condition English and maths GCSE will need to be offered to those who have not achieved Grade C or above Funding removed if this isn’t done Earliest it will happen is 2016/17 Will require census change
Study Programmes All 16-19 year olds have a programme of study which is: –Coherent –Well though out –Breadth and depth –Does not limit future options Contact time, a qualification of substantial size and value, provision for GCSE English and maths and workplace experience to aid vocational progression (and more…….)
Progression Destination measures (60% progression to HE) Will it decrease? –Fees increase –Young people more aware how tough it is –Parents more aware of alternatives –Apprenticeship demand How can the Sixth Form better prepare young people for that next step, especially those not going on to HE? Is there a financial incentive as well as an educational one?
Consider…. Think 16-19 – Year 14 Sandwich courses Year 12 and 13 Work Experience –In year –After year 13 Apprenticeship access course Preparation for work programme Internships (around specialist status) Volunteering programme
Example Start Date 05/09/2013 –AS physics, maths and English –A2 physics, maths and English –Independent Living Skills, Preparation for Life and Work ( ZILSK14E) (or 60066489 ) End date 21/06/2016 Think totality of programme Three years funding? –from £9,700 to £14,550
Vocationally strengthen Young people aren't work ready when leaving education…………. ……………………..and its your fault Young people value work experience (at the right time and where relevant) Is Year 10 and 11 the right time? Employers prepared to offer experience Removal of KS4 entitlement (and funding) Post-16 is funded! Role of Education Business Partnerships Branded programme
Next steps 2012/13 shadow allocation (18 October) 2013/14 national funding rate set in December 2013/14 allocation in March 2013 Autumn census return October 2013 –All those in learning between 1 August 2013 and on or around 6 October Get numbers up for 2014/15 For when transitional protection ends in 2015/16 Lets not forget A level reform 2014 - 2018
Starter for 10 Isn’t this fraudulent? If a learner completes their AS are you sure it isn't fraudulent to record their status as ‘study continuing’ beyond their completion date? How does the census return tie in with awarding bodies? Does this mean we cannot ‘cash in’ qualifications? What will Ofsted think? Will it affect the QSR? Will the six week rule still apply?