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Published byMarina Jennison Modified over 2 years ago

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Spreadsheets A spreadsheet package is a general purpose computer package that is designed to perform calculations. A spreadsheet is a table which is divided into rows and columns. Column B Row 7 Cell B7

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**Columns have a letter at the top and rows have a number at the side.**

Lines divide the rows and columns up into boxes called cells. A cell can contain text, a number or a formula. Individual cells are identified by their cell reference number which normally contains a column letter and a row number.

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**A formula is used on a spreadsheet to perform a calculation using the numbers in other cells.**

The result of the calculation is displayed in the cell where the formula has been entered. A simple formula can be used to add, subtract, multiply or divide numbers. To carry out these sorts of calculation these symbols are used in a formula: + to add - to subtract * to multiply / to divide

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**Suppose you wanted to add two numbers on a spreadsheet together.**

If the numbers were in cells A1 and A2 the formula that you would need to enter would be something like = A1+A2 To make it easier to enter a longer more complicated formula spreadsheet packages also have special mathematical functions built-in. Two of the most commonly used functions are used to calculate either the SUM or AVERAGE of a range of cells.

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**Suppose, for example, that you had a formula like**

=A1+A2+A3+A4+A5+A6+A7+A8+A9+A10 This formula would add up all of the numbers in cells A1 to A10. Instead of typing in such a long formula, the SUM function could be used. On most spreadsheets the formula would be something like : = SUM (A1: A10)

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Similarly, to work out the average of the numbers in cells A1 to A10, the AVERAGE function could be used. On most spreadsheets the formula would be something like: = AVERAGE (A1: A10) Exactly what you need to type in will depend upon the spreadsheet package that you are using. If a number of cells need the same formula it can be copied and pasted in the same way as text.

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Spreadsheet packages have built-in formatting options which allow you to change the way a spreadsheet looks. Anything that affects the appearance of a cell is called a cell format. Some of the more commonly used cell formatting options are:- Changing font size and style Making text bold, italic or underlined Changing text alignment Adding borders and lines Inserting extra rows and columns Changing column width and row height Adding colour

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**Anything that affects the appearance of numbers in a cell is called a data format.**

Some of the more commonly used cell formatting options are:- Decimal Currency Date

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**One very useful feature of spreadsheet package is the sort facility.**

This allows the columns or rows of a spreadsheet to be sorted into alphabetical or numerical order of a value in a particular row or column.

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Most spreadsheet packages include facilities for representing information in the form of a graph or chart. The more common types of charts and graphs that are used are bar charts, pie charts and line graphs. A chart wizard gives step-by-step help when drawing a graph or chart. The first step in creating a graph or chart is to enter the data on the spreadsheet.

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**The next step is to choose the type of chart or graph**

The next step is to choose the type of chart or graph. A chart wizard can be used to help with this.

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**The graph is automatically drawn by the spreadsheet software**

The graph is automatically drawn by the spreadsheet software. It can then be copied and pasted into other applications if required.

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