Presentation on theme: "World Consumption of Methyl Bromide"— Presentation transcript:
1World Consumption of Methyl Bromide Ken GlasseyMinistry for Primary IndustriesNew Zealand&MBTOC member
2Montreal ProtocolThe most successful international treaty ever, signed by 197 countriesAim to phase out PRODUCTION of ozone depleting gasesMethyl bromide added in 1992Phase out of non QPS use in developed countries was required by 2005 and developing countries by 2015After those dates required to apply to the UNEP with a critical use nominationQPS is exempt controls but countries asked to reduce use
4History of usePeak of nearly 70,000 tonnes of methyl bromide use in early 1990’sMany countries have totally phased out methyl bromide useReduced to 12,665 tonnes 2012Quarantine and preshipment is now 70% of the world use50 countries reported QPS use in 2012Figures Source: Ozone Secretariat Data Access Centre, April 2014
5QPS use v Non QPS useGlobal QPS consumption was approximately 8860 metric tonnes in 2012 down from 9,436 reported for The 2012 figure is about 2.3 times the controlled consumption (non QPS) for the same year (3,805 metric tonnes) which has been dropping significantly consistently as opposed to QPS which is showing a slight downward trend.
6Non QPS useGlobal controlled (non QPS) consumption for 2012 was 3,805 metric tonnes which has been dropping consistently.
7QPS use A5 = developing, non- A5 = developed countries Over all, developed countries consumption continues to decrease (with the exception of Australia and New Zealand) and the developing countries show a slight upward trend.
8Main categories of MB use for QPS# Category of useA5Non-A5WorldwideGrain & dried foodstuffs18%8%14%Sawn wood and WPM*12%23%Logs29%17%21%Soil in situ0%30%Misc. and other16%7%Total identified uses75%70%80%* WPM – Wood packaging material; # - TEAP Progress Report 2011The main four uses amount to over 70% of the MB consumed for QPSTechnical Economic Assessment Panel estimates that % of these top four consumption categories (grain, logs, soil, WPM) can be replaced immediately with commercially available alternatives
9AFAS CountriesFor 2012 Vietnam 838 tonnes, India 560 tonnes, Thailand 320 tonnes, Indonesia 202 tonnes, Sri Lanka 33 tonnes PNG 0, Malaysia 125 tonnes, Philippines 48 tonnes.
10Oceania & PacificFor 2012 Australia 676, New Zealand 571 tonnes, Fiji 16 tonnes, Solomon's 1 tonne
14CaribbeanDominican Republic 30, Jamaica 2 Trinidad and Tobago 1, Cuba 0
15Central AmericaMexico 502 tonnes, El Salvador 110 tonnes, Honduras 22 tonnes, Nicaragua 19 tonnes, Costa Rica 5, Guatemala 37 Tonnes
16South AmericaChile 108 tonnes, Brazil 74 tonnes, Argentina 59 tonnes, Uruguay 24 tonnes
17Middle EastEgypt 439, United Arab Emirates 58, Lebanon 50, Turkey 40, Iran 25, Saudi Arabia 15, Jordan 12, Israel 10, Morocco 10
18AfricaCameroon 23, Zimbabwe 1 Kenya 0, Mozambique 0
19IPPC Replacement or reduction of the use of methyl bromide as a phytosanitary measure (2008) Recommends a number of things to do to:1. Replacement of Methyl Bromide Use as a Phytosanitary Measure2. Reducing Volumes of Methyl Bromide Use as a Phytosanitary Measure3. Physically Reducing Methyl Bromide Emissions4. Recording Methyl Bromide Use as a Phytosanitary Measure5. Guidelines for Appropriate Use of Methyl Bromide as a Phytosanitary Measure
20Record MB use in Categories Bulbs, corms, tubers and rhizomes (intended for planting)Cut flowers and branches (including foliage)Fresh fruit and vegetablesGrain, cereals and oil seeds for consumption including rice (not intended for planting)Dried foodstuffs (including herbs, dried fruit, coffee, cocoa)Nursery stock (plants intended for planting other than seed), and associated soil and other growing mediaSeeds (intended for planting)Wood packaging materialsWood (including round wood, sawn wood, wood chips)Whole logs (with or without bark)Hay, straw, thatch grass, dried animal fodder (other than grains and cereals listed above)
21Categories of MB use Cotton and other fibre crops and products Tree nuts (almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts etc.)Structures and equipmentBuildings with quarantine pests (including elevators, dwellings, factories, storage facilities)Equipment (including used agricultural machinery and vehicles), empty shipping containers and reused packagingOther itemsPersonal effects, furniture, crafts, artefacts, hides, fur and skins
23Information on alternatives on the Ozone programme web site Technical and Economic Assessment Panel (TEAP) annual progress reportsFour yearly TEAP Assessment Report Guideline for methyl bromide quarantine and preshipment use
24 RankCountry2012 tonnes1United States of America1,170.902China1,094.293Viet Nam8384India759.535Australia675.546Japan594.857New Zealand571.38Mexico501.969Republic of Korea445.310Egypt43911Thailand320.212Indonesia20213Malaysia124.7714Myanmar121.215El Salvador109.516Chile108.21
2517Singapore100.2118Brazil74.1719Argentina59.420United Arab Emirates57.521Lebanon5022Philippines47.9623Turkey4024Turkmenistan25Guatemala3726Sri Lanka33.0327Dominican Republic29.428Iran (Islamic Republic of)29Uruguay24.430Pakistan23.9731Cameroon32Honduras21.41
2633Nicaragua18.9634Fiji16.335Saudi Arabia1536Jordan1237Israel10.3938Morocco1039Costa Rica4.940Jamaica241Canada1.8242Solomon Islands1.244Kyrgyzstan1.145Trinidad and Tobago146Zimbabwe47Vanuatu0.448Swaziland0.2349Barbados0.250Belize0.08