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M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l O E W G - 32, 23-27 July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Response to Decision XXIII/5: Quarantine and Pre-shipment uses of Methyl.

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Presentation on theme: "M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l O E W G - 32, 23-27 July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Response to Decision XXIII/5: Quarantine and Pre-shipment uses of Methyl."— Presentation transcript:

1 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l O E W G - 32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Response to Decision XXIII/5: Quarantine and Pre-shipment uses of Methyl Bromide MBTOC - QPS

2 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Scope of report on QPS Decision XXIII/5 requested TEAP to: “Summarise data submitted by Parties under Article 7 of MP on a regional basis, providing analysis of trends in data” See QPS Report is on pages of TEAP Vol 1 (May 2012) “Provide guidance on procedures and methods for data collection on methyl bromide use for QPS for Parties that have not yet established such procedures and methods, or wish to improve existing ones” See Annexes on pages 185 – 215 of TEAP Vol 1 (May 2012) that contain examples of Forms used by Parties

3 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l O E W G - 32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Methyl bromide produced for QPS Ozone Secretariat Data Centre May 2012

4 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l O E W G - 32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Methyl bromide produced for QPS Ozone Secretariat Data Centre May 2012

5 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l O E W G - 32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Methyl bromide QPS consumption Ozone Secretariat Data Centre May 2012 MB-QPS consumption exceeded non-QPS consumption for the first time in 2009 MB-QPS is the largest remaining emissive use of MB not subject to a freeze and reduction under the Montreal Protocol

6 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Latest (2010) consumption data 10y global consumption trend downwards Non-A5 trend is downwards, but up recently A5 trend is upward, but level for past 5 years Methyl bromide QPS consumption Ozone Secretariat Data Centre May 2012

7 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) USA increasing since 2008 Other countries reducing to lower consumption levels MB-QPS consumption in Non-A5 Parties Ozone Secretariat Data Centre June 2012 * Parties that reported consumption largerthan 100 tonnes in 2010

8 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) China MB-QPS consumption trending downwards but still significantly larger than other A5 Parties MB-QPS consumption in A5 Parties Ozone Secretariat Data Centre June 2012

9 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) “Western Europe and others” increased mainly due to US, and now has the same consumption as Asia Other regions relatively low consumption of MB-QPS Regional trends in MB-QPS consumption Ozone Secretariat Data Centre June 2012

10 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Asian region = “Western Europe and Others” Regional consumption in 2010 Ozone Secretariat Data Centre June 2012

11 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Eighty six (72 A5, 14 Non-A5) reported MB-QPS in 2010 and at least one other time since 1999 Fifteen (17%) of the Parties (11 A5, 4 Non-A5) reported MB-QPS consumption in 2010 consumed 100 tonnes or more Categories of methyl bromide consumers in 2010 Ozone Secretariat Data Centre June 2012

12 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l O E W G - 32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Category of useA5Non-A5Worldwide Grain & dried foodstuffs18% 8%14% Sawn wood and WPM*12% 8%23% Logs29%17%21% Soil in situ 0%30%14% Misc. and other16% 7% 8% Total identified uses75%70%80% Main categories of MB use for QPS # The main four uses amount to over 70% by weight of the MB consumed for QPS TEAP estimates that % of these top four consumption categories (grain, logs, soil, WPM) can be replaced immediately with commercially available alternatives * WPM – Wood packaging material; # - TEAP Progress Report 2011

13 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) TEAP guidance on procedures and methods for data collection on MB-QPS TEAP provides examples of QPS-MB monitoring and reporting in 6 Parties and regions: Form developed by TEAP (1999) also shown in Annex Many Forms were quite detailed and collected a lot of information Not exhaustive list but provided as examples of Forms that are available and being used EU no longer uses a Form as all uses of methyl bromide including QPS have been phased out but previous form included as example Australia European Union (27 countries) India Japan Malaysia United States

14 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Elements TEAP considers useful for data collection on MB-QPS TEAP provides a list of elements that it considers important in monitoring MB-QPS List shows essential versus optional items to monitor Form is divided into: Common headings e.g., date, location etc. Treatment of articles or products (commodities) - Target pest, reason for treatment, others Treatment of Soil (pre-plant) - crop, reason, pest, area, other Parties may wish to request the Ozone Secretariat upload the Forms and TEAP’s list to its website to facilitate review and potential use by Parties for making Forms

15 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) work on methyl bromide update IPPC provides areas for action and guidance to National Plant Protection Organisations to replace or reduce MB as a phytosanitary measure e.g., use less, reduce emissions, replace MB with alternatives ISPM-15 (about 20% of global MB-QPS) allows heat instead of methyl bromide for the treatment of Wood Packaging Material (WPM). This is used in A5 and non-A5 Parties Non-wood pallets made of plastic, cardboard, plywood and particle board are exempt ISPM-15 treatment An IPPC Expert Panel is evaluating more alternatives for ISPM-15 for the treatment of Wood Packaging Material:

16 M o n t r e a l P r o t o c o l OEWG32, July 2012, Bangkok (Thailand) Work by Expert Panels in the IPPC …update on progress Treatment Alternatives to methyl bromide for ISPM-15 Accepted commercially To Standards Committee More data requested Heat (Thermal) Heat (Microwave) Sulfuryl fluoride (SF) Hydrogen Cyanide Methyl Iodide MITC + SF (EcoTwin) Source: IPPC _Report_2011_SC_Nov_ pdf


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