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Vered Gafni, 20051 The Design Language of Statecharts.

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Presentation on theme: "Vered Gafni, 20051 The Design Language of Statecharts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vered Gafni, The Design Language of Statecharts

2 Vered Gafni, Simple Statechart Finite State Machine R, S, T – States a, b, c, d - Events Arrows - State transitions (source-less arrow denotes an initial state).

3 Vered Gafni, Transition Events Syntax

4 Vered Gafni, Events {a, b, c,.... } atomic events: a or b a occurs or b occurs a and b a occurs and b occurs not(a) a does not occur tm(a,t) t time-units after the occurrence of a tr( C ) condition C becomes true fs( C ) condition C becomes false en(S) state S is entered ex(S) state S is exited

5 Vered Gafni, Conditions A, B,.... atomic conditions: A or B A is true or B is true A and B A is true and B is true not(A) A is false in(S) True while the system is in state S X=Y, X

6 Vered Gafni, Actions a,b,… atomic actions tr!(C) make condition C True fs!(C) make condition C False wr!(V) write variable V rd!(V) read variable V  atomic actions also considered event generation

7 Vered Gafni, Example of Compound Transition

8 Vered Gafni, Transition Connectors

9 Vered Gafni, L H valv e Water-level sensor Controller Valve command

10 Vered Gafni, Sub-States: Sequential Refinement S is a super-state w.r.t {S1, S2, S3 } Super-state transitions (priority) History entrance (H* -deep history)

11 Vered Gafni, Example of Sequential Refinement Equivalence up to priorities

12 Vered Gafni, Sub-states: Parallel Refinement Events broadcasting

13 Vered Gafni, דוגמא - בקר שיוט רכב Automatic Cruise Control

14 Vered Gafni, Automatic Cruise Control

15 Vered Gafni, Operating

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18 Vered Gafni, Railroad Crossing Control

19 Vered Gafni, Crossing Control: Sequential Design

20 Vered Gafni, Crossing Control: Parallel Design

21 Vered Gafni, Using Timeout Delay Periodic activation deadline

22 Vered Gafni, Timeout as Delay To activate the furnace open the oil valve, and after 3 seconds operate ignition Idle Ignition_ delay Furnace _Active Activate/Open_oil_valve tm(Activate,3sec)/Ignite

23 Vered Gafni, Timeout for Periodic Activation Execute control loop at 10Hz rate RTC /tick tm(tick,100mls)/tick WaitTick Control Loop tick done

24 Vered Gafni, Timeout as Deadline Whenever train enters XR, gate should be closed within 10 seconds; otherwise an alarm will be activated WaitTrain Tin/CloseGate tm(en(Closing),10sec)/Alarm Closed Closing GateClosed FailClosing

25 Vered Gafni, Synchronization Techniques I

26 Vered Gafni, Synchronization Techniques II

27 Vered Gafni, Synchronization Techniques III

28 Vered Gafni, Transition Functions [K]  true[K] where ‘true’ is an event that occurs at every time instant

29 Vered Gafni, Magnum A Real-Time Design Tool Provides for representation of 3 system views: What: - the activities the system should do, and inter-activities data flow When: - the timing and synchronization of activities activation and data transfer Where: - in what subsystem the each activity should be implemented

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31 Vered Gafni, Basic Components A A1 A2 A3 C A2_1 A2_2 E1 E2 E3 CC u vw q e f h r x s

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