Presentation on theme: " Participants:Facilitator: Virginia Carson Chris Tubbs Charlie Janson Devon Quick John Reiss Melissa Rowland-Goldsmith Mark Wilson."— Presentation transcript:
Participants:Facilitator: Virginia Carson Chris Tubbs Charlie Janson Devon Quick John Reiss Melissa Rowland-Goldsmith Mark Wilson
Students will understand characteristics of evidence in science Students will confidently choose and defend evidence-based positions Students will understand the relationship between genotype and phenotype
Students have covered concepts of Probability vs. frequency Mutations Genotype Phenotype
Students will be able to interpret a graph relating genotype to phenotype Students will be able to recognize and interpret environmental effects on phenotype/genotype relationships Students will be able to apply the concepts of expressivity and penetrance to an example of population variation
Background: Normal BRCA is protective gene against breast cancer (codes for a tumor suppressing protein) Some people have BRCA gene mutation that makes the protective protein non-functional (tumors not suppressed) Several mutations of this gene identified
A. Yes B. No
The frogs in population A are genetically identical and look the same. GROUP A genotype A1/A1:
The frogs in B are also genetically identical (to each other) What might explain why some B frogs have spots and other do not? (shout out) GROUP A genotype A1/A1: GROUP B genotype A2/A2:
The frogs in C are genetically identical (to each other), but have variable numbers of spots What is different about the pattern of variation in C compared to B? (talk with your neighbor) GROUP A genotype A1/A1: GROUP B genotype A2/A2: GROUP C Genotype A3/A3:
Complete penetrance Incomplete penetrance Complete penetrance, variable expressivity GROUP A genotype A1/A1: GROUP B genotype A2/A2: GROUP C Genotype A3/A3: 1 – minute paper, then swap
Genotype is NOT always = Phenotype! Environmental factors and chance events affect both penetrance and expressivity
A. Yes B. No
What does this red line tell you? (shout out)
A. Yes B. No
You could do some research on this and list specific environmental effects, chance and genetics as making someone more susceptible to developing breast cancer, but simply having the gene mutation on BRCA does not mean one will always develop breast cancer. The severity of breast cancer relates to expressivity. If one breast is affected or two or the ovaries as well – the more cancer, the more expressivity.
A. Yes B. No C. Sometimes?
Q: which of these is true? A. Most people with breast cancer have the BRCA1 mutation B. BRCA1 mutation is 100% penetrant C.More than 50% of people with BRCA1 mutation will develop breast cancer
You should be more familiar with graphical representation of data You should recognize that environment and genotype influence phenotype You should be able to define and apply the concepts of expressivity and penetrance to an example of population variation
Your sister has just met with a genetic counselor. The genetic counselor told her that she had the mutated form of the BRCA1 gene and provided her the accompanying graph. 1. Explain to your sister why this is not a death sentence. 2. How is this example relevant to the idea that genotype does not equal phenotype? Hint: use the words penetrance and expressivity.