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SER and ESTAR. Both Ser and Estar mean to be in English.

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Presentation on theme: "SER and ESTAR. Both Ser and Estar mean to be in English."— Presentation transcript:


2 Both Ser and Estar mean to be in English

3 The conjugations of to be in English are: am is are

4 The conjugation of ser is: soy eres es somos son

5 The conjugation of estar is: estoy estás está estamos están

6 Ser

7 1. Ser is used to express the hour, day, and date. ¿Qué hora es? What time is it? Son las dos. It's two o'clock. ¿Qué día es hoy? What day is today? Hoy es lunes. Today's Monday.

8 2. Ser is used to express place of origin. ¿De dónde eres tú? Where are you from? Soy de Colombia. I'm from Colombia.

9 3. Ser is used to express nationality. ¿Es ella puertorriqueña? Is she Puerto Rican? No, es guatemalteca. No, she's Guatemalan.

10 4.Ser is used to express occupation. ¿Cuál es tu trabajo? What do you do? Soy carpintero I'm a carpenter.

11 5. Ser is used to express religious or political affiliation. ¿Son los García bautistas? Are the Garcias Baptists? No, son católicos. No, they're Catholics. ¿Es el gobierno socialista? Is the government socialist? No, es comunista. No, it's communist.

12 6. Ser is used to express the material something is made of. ¿De qué material es la mesa? What's the table made of? Es de madera. It's made of wood.

13 7. Ser is used to express possession. ¿De quién es la pluma? Whose pen is it? Es de Emilio. It's Emilio's. No son tus pantalones. ¡Son míos! They’re not your pants. They’re mine!

14 8. Ser is used for identification and to express the relationship of one person to another. ¿Quién es Rogelio? Who is Roger? Es el esposo de Marta. He's Martha's husband.

15 9. Ser is used with certain impersonal expressions. Es importante practicar cada día. It's important to practice every day. Es necesario hablar mucho en la clase. It's necessary to speak a lot in the class.

16 10. Ser is used to tell where an event is taking place. La película es en el cine. The movie is at the theatre. La fiesta es en el club. The party is in the club.

17 11. Ser is used with adjectives to talk about a person’s qualities or characteristics Miguel es un hombre sincero. Miguel is a sincere man. También es guapo. He's also handsome.

18 Estar

19 1. Estar is used to express location. ¿Dónde estás? Where are you? Estoy en el laboratorio. I'm in the laboratory. ¿Dónde está Chile? Where's Chile? Chile está en América del Sur. Chile is in South America.

20 2. Estar is used with adjectives to express a state or condition. ¿Cómo está la sopa? How's the soup? La sopa está fría. The soup is cold. ¿Cómo estás tú? How are you? Estoy muy bien, gracias. I am very well, thanks

21 3. Estar is used with many idiomatic expressions. These are just a few. estar de acuerdo to be in agreement estar de pie to be standing estar en camino to be on the way estar en las nubes to daydream

22 4. Estar is used with the progressive tenses. This is for your information only. We have not yet covered this material. ¿Qué estás comiendo? What are you eating? Estoy comiendo arroz y frijoles. I am eating rice and beans.

23 Refer to for more

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