Presentation on theme: "George Lawson IR100 - The structure of international society: the emergence of international society (week 2) Lecture slides Original citation: Lawson,"— Presentation transcript:
IR – The Traditional Agenda Inter vs. intra National vs. state … and relations Leading to … an anarchical system in which sovereign states follow their national interests
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IR – A New Agenda The world market: trade, finance, labour International organisations: EU, IMF, UN Migration: look around the room! Ideas: democracy, revolution, communism, feminism, nationalism, Islamism, racism New forms of communication: social media, the internet, email, mobiles New security issues: HIV/Avian Flu/environmental degradation, human security Global (un)civil society: movements against war or world poverty (Jubilee 2000) lobbyists on particular issues (Amnesty, Greenpeace, MSF) far right groups and football hooligans
IR as a polo mint? Image Placeholder Image: A Polo mint. Subscription resource: No URL: http://static.guim.co.uk/sys- images/Media/Pix/pictures/2004/07/27/PoloLee 2.jpg Edited: No This image was removed due to copyright being held by another party.
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Huh? the world market: US R&D, Chinese production, global consumers sovereignty: big companies vs. states changing forms of communication, social media etc. ideas/brands across borders and more … So maybe Steve Jobs does have something to do with IR after all …
Essential Readings 1 Hobson et al: the big bangs 1648? Cuius regio, eius religio = tolerance, sovereign territoriality, non-intervention. But: A local affair Empire remains central Cuius regio, eius religio? Neither sovereignty nor non-intervention are even mentioned in the treaties.
Essential Readings 2 Schmidt and Cox: 1919? US pluralism 19 th century ideas and debates Global modernity Image Placeholder Image: Cartoon globe with buildings and flying objects. Subscription resource: No URL: https://encrypted- tbn1.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTTPR8i4 Ylqq3Cb2Pp5UZjn7QeWMyIx0DHqDiB1vKMkxdT ySiML Edited: No This image was removed due to copyright being held by another party.
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The Roots of IR Political theory: Hobbes, Kant, Machiavelli. International Law: Grotius, Suarez, Vattel, Gentili, Pufendorf. History and historians: Thucydides, Sun Tzu, Ibn Khaldun. Practitioners: Bismarck, Clausewitz, etc.
The Roots of ir Beyond the “Westphalian straitjacket”, ahistoricism and Harry Potter’s scar The first international societies, e.g. Sumer The Great Transformation: industrialization, the modern state and ideologies of progress So, the key point … interconnections between ‘inside’ and ‘outside’, ‘domestic’ and ‘international’, drive historical development.
Beyond Westphalia and Washington When: Sumer vs. Westphalia vs. the Great Transformation Where: IR, US power and Western-centrism The contemporary world? Power shifts: From the Atlantic to the Pacific From transatlantia to Asia Rising powers To be continued …