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George Lawson IR100 - The structure of international society: the emergence of international society (week 2) Lecture slides Original citation: Lawson,

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Presentation on theme: "George Lawson IR100 - The structure of international society: the emergence of international society (week 2) Lecture slides Original citation: Lawson,"— Presentation transcript:

1 George Lawson IR100 - The structure of international society: the emergence of international society (week 2) Lecture slides Original citation: Lawson, G. (2012) IR100 - The structure of international society: the emergence of international society (week 2). [Teaching Resource] © 2012 The Author This version available at: Available in LSE Learning Resources Online: May 2012 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License. This license allows the user to remix, tweak, and build upon the work even for commercial purposes, as long as the user credits the author and licenses their new creations under the identical terms.

2 IR100 Lecture George Lawson

3 IR – The Traditional Agenda Inter vs. intra National vs. state … and relations Leading to … an anarchical system in which sovereign states follow their national interests

4 Image Placeholder Image: Iceberg with mass above and below water level shown. Subscription resource: No URL: content/uploads/2010/11/iceberg.jpg Edited: No This image was removed due to copyright being held by another party.

5 IR – A New Agenda The world market: trade, finance, labour International organisations: EU, IMF, UN Migration: look around the room! Ideas: democracy, revolution, communism, feminism, nationalism, Islamism, racism New forms of communication: social media, the internet, , mobiles New security issues: HIV/Avian Flu/environmental degradation, human security Global (un)civil society: movements against war or world poverty (Jubilee 2000) lobbyists on particular issues (Amnesty, Greenpeace, MSF) far right groups and football hooligans

6 IR as a polo mint? Image Placeholder Image: A Polo mint. Subscription resource: No URL: images/Media/Pix/pictures/2004/07/27/PoloLee 2.jpg Edited: No This image was removed due to copyright being held by another party.

7 Image Placeholder Image: Photo of Steve Jobs used for his book cover Subscription resource: No URL: 011/08/steve-jobs.jpg?w=232&h=300 Edited: No This image was removed due to copyright being held by another party.

8 Huh? the world market: US R&D, Chinese production, global consumers sovereignty: big companies vs. states changing forms of communication, social media etc. ideas/brands across borders and more … So maybe Steve Jobs does have something to do with IR after all …

9 Essential Readings 1 Hobson et al: the big bangs 1648? Cuius regio, eius religio = tolerance, sovereign territoriality, non-intervention. But: A local affair Empire remains central Cuius regio, eius religio? Neither sovereignty nor non-intervention are even mentioned in the treaties.

10 Essential Readings 2 Schmidt and Cox: 1919? US pluralism 19 th century ideas and debates Global modernity Image Placeholder Image: Cartoon globe with buildings and flying objects. Subscription resource: No URL: https://encrypted- tbn1.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTTPR8i4 Ylqq3Cb2Pp5UZjn7QeWMyIx0DHqDiB1vKMkxdT ySiML Edited: No This image was removed due to copyright being held by another party.

11 Image Placeholder Image: Slogan ‘Theres no government like no government’. Subscription resource: No URL: images.myspacecdn.com/images01/112/4e8ebbcfd86 0d345e1dc0efda8470d27/l.png Edited: No This image was removed due to copyright being held by another party. Image Placeholder Image: Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter (with scar). Subscription resource: No URL: 18scar.jpg Edited: No This image was removed due to copyright being held by another party.

12 The Roots of IR Political theory: Hobbes, Kant, Machiavelli. International Law: Grotius, Suarez, Vattel, Gentili, Pufendorf. History and historians: Thucydides, Sun Tzu, Ibn Khaldun. Practitioners: Bismarck, Clausewitz, etc.

13 The Roots of ir Beyond the “Westphalian straitjacket”, ahistoricism and Harry Potter’s scar The first international societies, e.g. Sumer The Great Transformation: industrialization, the modern state and ideologies of progress So, the key point … interconnections between ‘inside’ and ‘outside’, ‘domestic’ and ‘international’, drive historical development.

14 Beyond Westphalia and Washington When: Sumer vs. Westphalia vs. the Great Transformation Where: IR, US power and Western-centrism The contemporary world? Power shifts: From the Atlantic to the Pacific From transatlantia to Asia Rising powers To be continued …


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