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Immune therapy in NSCLC Presentation – 劉惠文 Supervisor – 劉俊煌教授.

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Presentation on theme: "Immune therapy in NSCLC Presentation – 劉惠文 Supervisor – 劉俊煌教授."— Presentation transcript:

1 Immune therapy in NSCLC Presentation – 劉惠文 Supervisor – 劉俊煌教授

2 Introduction Immunotherapy’s evaluation has expanded into other solid tumors than melanoma (Ipilimumab). Most patients present with advanced disease and are immune suppressed as documented by reports of decreases in peripheral and tumor lymphocyte counts seen in this patient population. Regulatory T cells (Tregs-CD4) play a key role in suppressing tumor immune surveillance, found high level in NSCLC. Brahmer, J Clin Oncol. 31(8):1021-8, 2013J Clin Oncol.

3 CTLA-4 and PD-1 pathway Brahmer, J Clin Oncol. 31(8):1021-8, 2013J Clin Oncol.

4 VACCINES Vaccines for NSCLC: effective in minimal dz (s/p resection, CCRT, C/T) Tumor cell vaccines: advantage of exposing the host’s immune system to a myriad of tumor antigens Antigen-based vaccines: expose the host’s immune system to a specific antigen expressed on the tumor cell Brahmer, J Clin Oncol. 31(8):1021-8, 2013J Clin Oncol.

5 Tumor Cell Vaccines Belagenpumatucel-L: an allogeneic tumor cell vaccine with four irradiated NSCLC cell lines (H460, H520, SKLU-1, and RH2) modified with transforming growth factor β2 (TGF-β2) antisense plasmid. Cohort 1: 1.25 ×10 7 cell/injection Cohort 2: 2.5 ×10 7 cell/injection Cohort 3: 5 ×10 7 cell/injection High-dose cohorts had a significantly improved OS (p=0.0069) Nemunaitis J et al, J Clin Oncol. 24: , 2006J Clin Oncol.

6 Antigen-Specific Vaccines MAGE-A3 The melanoma-associated antigen-A3 (MAGE- A3) expressed melanoma and approximately 35% of NSCLCs Tumor recurrence rate: 30.6% in vaccine vs 43.3% in placebo Disease-free interval, OS: NS Positive gene signature group had a 43% relative risk reduction of cancer recurrence with vaccine treatment vs 25% in unselective group. Phase III MAGRIT: ongoing Brahmer, J Clin Oncol. 31(8):1021-8, 2013J Clin Oncol.

7 Others One dose of cyclophosphamide (300 to 600 mg/m2) was given 3 days before the first vaccine to inhibit Tregs to enhance the immune response. BLP-25 Phase III: START and INSPIRE trial. Target: MUC-1 Target: EGFR Brahmer, J Clin Oncol. 31(8):1021-8, 2013J Clin Oncol.

8 CHECK POINT INHIBITORS CTLA-4 pathway is important in early T- cell activation. Ipilimumab blocks the interaction between CTLA-4 and its ligands, CD80 and CD86, and showed promise with C/T. Brahmer, J Clin Oncol. 31(8):1021-8, 2013J Clin Oncol.

9 Phase II Ipilimumab Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

10 Abbreviation: irPFS: immune-related progression-free survival. BORR: best overall response rate ir-BORR: immune-related BORR DCR: disease control rate ir-DCR: immune-related DCR mWHO: radiologic review committee by using modified WHO criteria

11 Response and Safety Safety: Grade 3-4 AEs: control 37%, concurrent 41%, phased 39% Drug related discontinuation: control 5%, concurrent 10%, phased 6% Two treatment related death: Concurrent: 1 septic shock secondary to epideraml necrosis Control: 1 neutropenic sepsis Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

12 Ipilimumab irPFS: phased vs concurrent irPFS phased: HR 0.72, p=0.05 The immune-related best ORR was nearly doubled for the phased schedule versus chemotherapy alone (32% v 18%) Lynch et al, J Clin Oncol. 30: , 2012J Clin Oncol.

13 mWHO-PFS/OS: Lynch et al, J Clin Oncol. 30: , 2012J Clin Oncol.

14 Historlogy Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

15 Onging phase III of Ipilimumab Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

16 PD-1 Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

17 Immune Resistance Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

18 Inhibitors for PD-1/PD-L1 Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

19 Phase I PD-1 antibody Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

20 Patient characteristics Heavily pretreated patients Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

21 Efficacy of PD-1 antibody Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

22 Response to anti-PD-1 antibody Tumor PD-L1 expression may be associated with response. 36% of patients with tumor PD-L1 expression were objective responders. Brahmer, J Clin Oncol. 31(8):1021-8, 2013J Clin Oncol.

23 Safety of PD-1 antibody Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

24 Anti-PD-L1: BMS Total 207 pts, 75 patients with NSCLC Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

25 Clinical activity of BMS Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

26 Safety Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

27 Conclusion Immunotherapy may play a role in the future of lung cancer treatment. Checkpoint inhibitors have promising activity in NCSLC. Check point inhibitors have a unique set of side effects consistent with immune mechanism of action. Randomized studies are ongoing. Present by Julie R. Brahmer MD, at 2013 ASCO Annual meeting

28 Thank you for listening!


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