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EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR

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Presentation on theme: "EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR"— Presentation transcript:

1 EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR
Chairman – Components Committee European Lift Association ( ELA ) 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

2 Reason for (EN 81-1/2) Amendment 3
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Reason for (EN 81-1/2) Amendment 3 Number of accidents The publication of the European Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC was one of the main reason for the immediate implementation of the Amendment 3 of EN 81-1/2:1998 > 0,15 m/s Requirements in the Amendment 3 acc. to EN81-1/2 Rated speed Fixing systems of guards Stopping and leveling accuracy Safety device against unintended car movement Need to remove ≤ 24 month ± 10 mm ± 20 mm UCM protection 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

3 EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany
Affected Regulations Europe Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC Lift Directive 95/16/EC EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 EN 81-21:2009+A1:2012 EN 81-80:2003 ESR Annex I Revision in process In Canada, USA, South Korea, Japan and Hong Kong the UCM requirements are already transposed into national standards 1986 Canada 2004 USA and South Korea 2006 Japan 2010 Hong Kong In each country incidents have caused the fast implementation of UCM requirements into national standards. 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

4 The Definition of „unintended car movement“
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany The Definition of „unintended car movement“ “Unintended car movement” is to be understood as non-commanded (unintended) car movement with open doors away from the landing position down up It is obligatory since 1st of January 2012 for new lifts for important changes at existing lifts depending on country transposition of EN (SNEL) or other country specific regulations 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

5 Protection against unintended car movement
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Protection against unintended car movement Additional means have to protect unintended car movement (UCM) down up Detection / Activation stopping keep stopped at any load and speed conditions 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

6 Protection against unintended car movement
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Protection against unintended car movement Required distances in EN 81-1/2+A3 down up min1000mm max 1200mm 200mm max 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

7 ELA / CEN additional explanation papers (guides)
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany ELA / CEN additional explanation papers (guides) Interpretation CEN/TC10 [N1017] Guideline for a better understanding of the Amendment 3 requirements and application (Questions and Answers) NB-L RECOMMENDATION FOR USE ( ) This document describes the proceeding of type examination and production control from Notified Bodies A RECOMMENDATION FOR USE is obligatory for all Notified Bodies and shall unify the European test procedure 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

8 NB-L RECOMMENDATION FOR USE Proceeding with safety devices against UCM
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany NB-L RECOMMENDATION FOR USE Proceeding with safety devices against UCM Proposed procedures of type examination, production control, conformity assessment procedure, risk assessment description and design prove according Annex F.8 Procedure for components with existing EC- type examination certificate Procedure for installation and final inspection, periodical checks Maintenance, Changing units, Modernization, Dismantling Procedures for Lifts, sub systems and components 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

9 Advantage for the installer
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Placing on the market – responsibility of the installer provide the interfaces of the UCM means responsible for the compliance with the legal / normative requirements provide the instruction for use provide the manual for the test procedure “type tested systems and sub systems” Advantage for the installer 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

10 Affected components / solutions
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Affected components / solutions Door zone monitoring Lift controller Electric lifts ELECTRONIC INTERFACE Others! Others! Hydraulic lifts Safety device 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

11 Application in Germany
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany History and experience with the application of the UCM requirements in Germany Application in Germany 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

12 Lift Market in Germany (2012) Value of Modernisation in 2012:
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Lift Market in Germany (2012) ca existing Lifts ca new Lifts Value of Modernisation in 2012: ca. 250 Mio. € 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

13 Lift Market in Germany (2012) most frequent causes of accident
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Lift Market in Germany (2012) most frequent causes of accident 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

14 Safety device against unintended car movement
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany The introduction of the European Standard EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 on 1st. January provide a new definition for „State of the Art“ for the lift technology. Definition „State of the Art“: "the level of knowledge and development achieved in a technique…“ “the development of new techniques and procedures by expert people in a particular field” (www.wikipedia.com) Safety device against unintended car movement „State of the Art“ for new installation = UCM 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

15 EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany
Directive 89/655/EEC (Arbeitsmittelbenutzungsrichtlinie) concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the use of work equipment by workers at work „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) Ordinance concerning the protection of safety and health in the provision of work equipment and its use at work, safety when operating installations subject to monitoring and the organization of industrial safety and health at work transposed into National Law in Germany as was replaced by Directive 2009/104/EC (Arbeitsmittelbenutzungsrichtlinie) concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the use of work equipment by workers at work Over 3 m travel 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

16 concerning safety when operating installations subject to monitoring
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany German Law: „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) protection of safety and health in the provision of work equipment and its use at work, concerning safety when operating installations subject to monitoring organization of industrial safety and health at work required „State of the Art“ for new installation and modification of existing lifts 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

17 EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany
German law „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health” (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung -BetrSichV-): Installations subject to monitoring shall only be put into service for the first time or after fundamental modifications: if they comply with the other legal provisions, but at least with the state of the art, where the aforementioned legal provisions are not applicable. Installations subject to monitoring shall not be put into service after a modification unless the parts of the installations that are affected by the modification comply with the state of the art. 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

18 EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany
German law „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health” (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung -BetrSichV-): A fundamental modification of an installation subject to monitoring means any modification which influences the safety of the installation subject to monitoring to the extent that its safety features correspond to those of a new installation. A modification of an installation subject to monitoring means any activity which influences the safety of an installation. Any service, maintenance or repair work influencing the safety of the installation shall also be considered a modification. 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

19 Fundamental Modification of Lifts
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany ? Modification of Lifts Fundamental Modification of Lifts Technical Rule for Application of the Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health TRBS 1121: “Modification and fundamental modification of Lifts” Described in detail which kind of work on the Lift is a “modification” or a “fundamental modification” to fulfill “State of the Art”. The “German Committee for lifts (DAfA)” has worked on the further development of this Technical Rule: Lift Manufacturer Component Manufacturer Lift Consultants Owner of Lifts Notified Bodies and Experts from the German Government TRBS 1121 DAfA has also provide a Guide to application the Technical Rule 1121 for safe use in Lift modification 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

20 Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs German Law: „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) New Lifts (subject to monitoring) Existing Lifts (subject to monitoring) Modification Fundamental Modification before putting into service: Lift must comply with „State of the Art“ TRBS 1121 „Technical Rule: Modification and fundamental modification of existing lifts“ Described in detail the „State of the Art“ for „modification“ and „fundamental modification“ TRBS Technical Rules for Application of the „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ „State of the Art“ for new lifts is defined in EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 (including UCM) „State of the Art“ mandatory DAfA has worked for the implementation of the EN 81-1/2+A3-Requirement into the German Technical Rules to fulfill the “State of the Art” Requirement: Lift Manufacturer Components Manufacturer Lift Consultants Owner of Lifts Notified Bodies Experts from the Government 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

21 Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs German Law: „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) New Lifts (subject to monitoring) Existing Lifts (subject to monitoring) modification Fundamental modification before putting into service: Lift must comply with „State of the Art“ TRBS 1121 „Technical Rule: Modification and fundamental modification of lifts“ Described in detail the „State of the Art“ for „modification“ and „fundamental modification“ TRBS Technical Rules for Application of the „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ „State of the Art“ for new lifts is defined in EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 (including UCM) „State of the Art“ mandatory DAfA has worked for the implementation of the EN 81-1/2+A3-Requirement into the German Technical Rules to fulfill the “State of the Art” Requirement: Lift Manufacturer Components Manufacturer Lift Consultants Owner of Lifts Notified Bodies Experts from the Government Under certain condition UCM is also mandatory for the „Modification“ and „Fundamental modification“ of existing lifts in Germany (Decision in Germany with involving of the DAfA in November 2011) 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

22 Fundamental Modification
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany for existing lifts a retrofit of safety device against unintended car movement must be considered by: Change of the complete Drive, Modification of the drum drive completely, Renewal / modification of the protective device against ascending car overspeed, Change of controller completely, Renewal / modification of safety gear, Change of the rated speed of the lift system, Change of gear, Modification of the hydraulic drive completely, Shifting of complete lift system Changing of complete well Additional floor of lift system, New lift with exception of guide rails and fixings Modification Fundamental Modification Inspection of notified body necessary provided that the operation or type of the installation is affected by the modification New conformity assessment procedure acc. LD 95/16/EC mandatory 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

23 How does it work in the reality?
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Experience with the application of the UCM Requirement for Modification of Lifts How does it work in the reality? 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

24 Steps for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Steps for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Evaluation of current situation Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study Type examination of non certified components (if necessary) Inspection through notified body Under consideration of the requirements in the German Technical Rule TRBS 1121 and the „Guide for application the TRBS 1121“ 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

25 1. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 1. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Evaluation of current situation Operation and type of lift rated load, rated speed, traction drive (with gear or gearless) controller type, Planned modernisation of Lift system „modification“ or a „fundamental modification“? renewal without effect to the safety operation and type of lift? is a retrofit of UCM due to planned modernisation necessary? 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

26 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study Detection stopping keep stopped braking element start a reduction of speed speed response time of UCM detection response time of braking elements time existing components can be used? type examination regarding UCM for existing components available? use of other certified components for „detection - stopping - keep stopped“? use of certified complete system against UCM possible? Combination of certified and non-certified components possible / necessary? 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

27 a) use of certified components
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study a) use of certified components Advantage Disadvantage certified component Distance of the component in the UCM case known, Instruction for use from owner of certificate, Test procedure from owner of certificate several individual components for “detection, stopping and keep stopped” Calculation of the complete system necessary, several description of interfaces, connection to controller, Installer has to describe the instruction for use for the complete system, Installer has to describe the test instructions for the complete system, 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

28 b) use of non certified components
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study b) use of non certified components Advantage Disadvantage No change of component Type examination (EN81-1/2+A3; Annex F.8) for complete system necessary (not only for component) Calculation of the complete system necessary, Installer has to describe the instruction for use for the complete system, Installer has to describe the test instructions for the complete system, 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

29 c) use of certified complete system against UCM
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study c) use of certified complete system against UCM Advantage Disadvantage Certified system for “detection, stopping and keep stopped” Calculation of the complete system done by owner of certificate, Instruction for use for the complete system done by owner of certificate, test instructions for the complete system done by owner of certificate, one interface to controller 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

30 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study Decision: Technical implementation Replacement of components possibly certification of used components with proof of the stopping distance in accordance with EN 81-1/2 + A3, section F. 8 with calculation Description of whole UCM System Operating instructions Test instruction Costs Time 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

31 3. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 3. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with Modernisation 1. Modernisation 2. Modernisation 3. Modernisation certified UCM System: Safety Gear, Overspeed Governor, Electronic Interface certified UCM System: Gearless Brake, Overspeed Governor, Electronic Interface UCM certified: Overspeed Governor, Electronic Interface Non certified gearless brake Results ? 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

32 Inspection by notified body
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 3. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with 1. Modernisation Inspection by notified body Practical check of the calculated UCM stopping distances. measured Values under calculated values certified UCM System: Safety Gear, Overspeed Governor, Electronic Interface UCM calculation and distance given in instruction for use 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

33 Inspection by notified body
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 3. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with 2. Modernisation Inspection by notified body Practical check of the calculated UCM stopping distances. measured Values under calculated values certified UCM System: Gearless Brake, Overspeed Governor, Electronic Interface UCM distances calculated Stopping distance: 0,557m 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

34 Type examination of complete UCM System for these specific lift
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 3. Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with 3. Modernisation measured Values within allowed Type examination of complete UCM System for these specific lift by notified body Test procedure acc. EN 81-1/2+A3; F.8 certified UCM System: Overspeed Governor, Electronic Interface + non certified gearless brake UCM distances calculated from owner of certificate Full down 0,62m empty up 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

35 Example for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Example for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Inspection through Notified Body 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

36 Summary and Future Prospects
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Summary and Future Prospects Revision of Lift Directive 95/16/EC Expected changes New safety devices for UCM protection in Annex III (previous IV) In the existing draft is no difference between “with opened doors or with closed doors”! New EU-type examinations also for safety devices against UCM? EU- Publication by EU → second half of 2013 Withdrawal of LD 95/16/EC → second half of 2015 Transition period: → 2 Years 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

37 Summary and Future Prospects
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Summary and Future Prospects Revision of EN 81-1/2  New EN 81-20/50 Requirement acc. safety devices against UCM, chapter of EN and 5.8 of EN 81-50 Type examination for UCM protection necessary Final version publication → Jun. 2014 Harmonisation under Lift Directive → Oct. 2014 Transition period 3 years → Jun. 2017 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013

38 Thank you for your time and attention
EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Thank you for your time and attention Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR Chairman – Components Committee European Lift Association ( ELA ) 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April 2013


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