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EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 20131 Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR Chairman – Components Committee European.

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Presentation on theme: "EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul 04.-07. April 20131 Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR Chairman – Components Committee European."— Presentation transcript:

1 EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR Chairman – Components Committee European Lift Association ( ELA )

2 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Reason for (EN 81-1/2) Amendment 3 Number of accidents The publication of the European Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC was one of the main reason for the immediate implementation of the Amendment 3 of EN 81-1/2:1998 Requirements in the Amendment 3 acc. to EN81-1/2 ‣ Rated speed ‣ Fixing systems of guards ‣ Stopping and leveling accuracy ‣ Safety device against unintended car movement UCM protection > 0,15 m/s ± 10 mm ± 20 mm Need to remove ≤ 24 month

3 In Canada, USA, South Korea, Japan and Hong Kong the UCM requirements are already transposed into national standards ‣ 1986 Canada ‣ 2004 USA and South Korea ‣ 2006 Japan ‣ 2010 Hong Kong 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Affected Regulations Europe ‣ Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC ‣ Lift Directive 95/16/EC ‣ EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 ‣ EN 81-21:2009+A1:2012 ‣ EN 81-80:2003 In each country incidents have caused the fast implementation of UCM requirements into national standards. ESR Annex I Revision in process EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

4 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April The Definition of „unintended car movement“ “Unintended car movement” is to be understood as non-commanded (unintended) car movement with open doors away from the landing position down up It is obligatory since 1 st of January 2012 ‣ for new lifts ‣ for important changes at existing lifts  depending on country transposition of EN (SNEL) or other country specific regulations EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

5 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Protection against unintended car movement Additional means have to protect unintended car movement (UCM) down up Detection / Activation stoppingkeep stopped at any load and speed conditions EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

6 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Protection against unintended car movement down up min1000mm max 1200mm min1000mm max 1200mm 200mm max Required distances in EN 81-1/2+A3 EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

7 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April ELA / CEN additional explanation papers (guides) Interpretation CEN/TC10 [N1017] ‣ Guideline for a better understanding of the Amendment 3 requirements and application (Questions and Answers) NB-L RECOMMENDATION FOR USE ( ) ‣ This document describes the proceeding of type examination and production control from Notified Bodies A RECOMMENDATION FOR USE is obligatory for all Notified Bodies and shall unify the European test procedure EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

8 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April NB-L RECOMMENDATION FOR USE Proceeding with safety devices against UCM ‣ Proposed procedures of type examination, production control, conformity assessment procedure, risk assessment description and design prove according Annex F.8 ‣ Procedure for components with existing EC- type examination certificate ‣ Procedure for installation and final inspection, periodical checks ‣ Maintenance, Changing units, Modernization, Dismantling ‣ Procedures for Lifts, sub systems and components EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

9 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Placing on the market – responsibility of the installer ‣ provide the interfaces of the UCM means ‣ responsible for the compliance with the legal / normative requirements ‣ provide the instruction for use ‣ provide the manual for the test procedure “ TYPE TESTED SYSTEMS AND SUB SYSTEMS ” Advantage for the installer EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

10 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Affected components / solutions Safety device Lift controller Door zone monitoring ELECTRONIC INTERFACE Others! EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

11 History and experience with the application of the UCM requirements in Germany 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Application in Germany EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

12 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Lift Market in Germany (2012) ca existing Liftsca new Lifts Value of Modernisation in 2012: ca. 250 Mio. € EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

13 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Lift Market in Germany (2012) most frequent causes of accident EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

14 The introduction of the European Standard EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 on 1 st. January 2012 provide a new definition for „State of the Art“ for the lift technology. 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Safety device against unintended car movement State of the Art“ „State of the Art“ for new installation for new installation = Definition „State of the Art“:  "the level of knowledge and development achieved in a technique…“  “the development of new techniques and procedures by expert people in a particular field” (www.wikipedia.com) UCM EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

15 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Directive 89/655/EEC (Arbeitsmittelbenutzungsrichtlinie ) concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the use of work equipment by workers at work Directive 2009/104/EC (Arbeitsmittelbenutzungsrichtlinie) concerning the minimum safety and health requirements for the use of work equipment by workers at work was replaced by transposed into National Law in Germany as „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) Ordinance concerning  the protection of safety and health in the provision of work equipment and its use at work,  safety when operating installations subject to monitoring and  the organization of industrial safety and health at work EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

16 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April German Law: „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) protection of safety and health in the provision of work equipment and its use at work, concerning safety when operating installations subject to monitoring organization of industrial safety and health at work „State of the Art“ required „State of the Art“ for new installation and modification of existing lifts EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

17 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April German law „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health” (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung -BetrSichV-): Installations subject to monitoring shall only be put into service for the first time or after fundamental modifications: the state of the art  if they comply with the other legal provisions, but at least with the state of the art, where the aforementioned legal provisions are not applicable. state of the art  Installations subject to monitoring shall not be put into service after a modification unless the parts of the installations that are affected by the modification comply with the state of the art. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

18 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April German law „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health” (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung -BetrSichV-): A fundamental modification of an installation subject to monitoring means any modification which influences the safety of the installation subject to monitoring to the extent that its safety features correspond to those of a new installation. A modification of an installation subject to monitoring means any activity which influences the safety of an installation. Any service, maintenance or repair work influencing the safety of the installation shall also be considered a modification. EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

19 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April TRBS 1121: “Modification and fundamental modification of Lifts” ‣ Described in detail which kind of work on the Lift is a “modification” or a “fundamental modification” to fulfill “State of the Art”. “German Committee for lifts (DAfA)” ‣ The “German Committee for lifts (DAfA)” has worked on the further development of this Technical Rule:  Lift Manufacturer  Component Manufacturer  Lift Consultants  Owner of Lifts  Notified Bodies and  Experts from the German Government Modification of LiftsFundamental Modification of Lifts TRBS 1121 Technical Rule for Application of the Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health ? DAfA has also provide a Guide to application the Technical Rule 1121 for safe use in Lift modification EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

20 Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs German Law: „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) New Lifts (subject to monitoring) Existing Lifts (subject to monitoring) Modification Fundamental Modification before putting into service: Lift must comply with „State of the Art“ TRBS 1121 „Technical Rule: Modification and fundamental modification of existing lifts“ Described in detail the „State of the Art“ for „modification“ and „fundamental modification“ TRBS Technical Rules for Application of the „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ „State of the Art“ for new lifts is defined in EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 (including UCM) „State of the Art“ mandatory DAfA has worked for the implementation of the EN 81-1/2+A3-Requirement into the German Technical Rules to fulfill the “State of the Art” Requirement:  Lift Manufacturer  Components Manufacturer  Lift Consultants  Owner of Lifts  Notified Bodies  Experts from the Government 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

21 Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs German Law: „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ (Betriebssicherheitsverordnung) New Lifts (subject to monitoring) Existing Lifts (subject to monitoring) modification Fundamental modification before putting into service: Lift must comply with „State of the Art“ TRBS 1121 „Technical Rule: Modification and fundamental modification of lifts“ Described in detail the „State of the Art“ for „modification“ and „fundamental modification“ TRBS Technical Rules for Application of the „Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health“ „State of the Art“ for new lifts is defined in EN 81-1/2:1998+A3:2009 (including UCM) „State of the Art“ mandatory DAfA has worked for the implementation of the EN 81-1/2+A3-Requirement into the German Technical Rules to fulfill the “State of the Art” Requirement:  Lift Manufacturer  Components Manufacturer  Lift Consultants  Owner of Lifts  Notified Bodies  Experts from the Government Under certain condition UCM is also mandatory for the „Modification“ and „Fundamental modification“ of existing lifts in Germany (Decision in Germany with involving of the DAfA in November 2011) 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

22 for existing lifts a retrofit of safety device against unintended car movement must be considered by: -Change of the complete Drive, -Modification of the drum drive completely, -Renewal / modification of the protective device against ascending car overspeed, -Change of controller completely, -Renewal / modification of safety gear, -Change of the rated speed of the lift system, -Change of gear, -Modification of the hydraulic drive completely, -Shifting of complete lift system -Changing of complete well -Additional floor of lift system, -New lift with exception of guide rails and fixings ModificationFundamental Modification  Inspection of notified body necessary provided that the operation or type of the installation is affected by the modification  New conformity assessment procedure acc. LD 95/16/EC mandatory 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

23 Experience with the application of the UCM Requirement for Modification of Lifts 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April How does it work in the reality? EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

24 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Steps for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Evaluation of current situation Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study Type examination of non certified components (if necessary) Under consideration of the requirements in the German Technical Rule TRBS 1121 and the „Guide for application the TRBS 1121“ Inspection through notified body EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

25 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Evaluation of current situation ‣ rated load, ‣ rated speed, ‣ traction drive (with gear or gearless) ‣ controller type, Operation and type of lift ‣ „modification“ or a „fundamental modification“? ‣ renewal without effect to the safety operation and type of lift? ‣ is a retrofit of UCM due to planned modernisation necessary? Planned modernisation of Lift system EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

26 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study ‣ existing components can be used? ‣ type examination regarding UCM for existing components available? ‣ use of other certified components for „detection - stopping - keep stopped“? ‣ use of certified complete system against UCM possible? ‣ Combination of certified and non-certified components possible / necessary? Detectionstoppingkeep stopped 1braking element start a reduction of speed 2speed 3response time of UCM detection 4response time of braking elements 5time EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

27 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study ‣ several individual components for “detection, stopping and keep stopped” ‣ Calculation of the complete system necessary, ‣ several description of interfaces, connection to controller, ‣ Installer has to describe the instruction for use for the complete system, ‣ Installer has to describe the test instructions for the complete system, ‣ certified component ‣ Distance of the component in the UCM case known, ‣ Instruction for use from owner of certificate, ‣ Test procedure from owner of certificate a) use of certified components AdvantageDisadvantage EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

28 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study ‣ Type examination (EN81-1/2+A3; Annex F.8) for complete system necessary (not only for component) ‣ Calculation of the complete system necessary, ‣ Installer has to describe the instruction for use for the complete system, ‣ Installer has to describe the test instructions for the complete system, ‣ No change of component ‣ … b) use of non certified components AdvantageDisadvantage EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

29 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study ‣ Certified system for “detection, stopping and keep stopped” ‣ Calculation of the complete system done by owner of certificate, ‣ Instruction for use for the complete system done by owner of certificate, ‣ test instructions for the complete system done by owner of certificate, ‣ one interface to controller ‣…‣… c) use of certified complete system against UCM Advantage Disadvantage EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

30 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts ‣ Technical implementation ‣ Replacement of components ‣ possibly certification of used components  with proof of the stopping distance in accordance with EN 81-1/2 + A3, section F. 8 with calculation  Description of whole UCM System  Operating instructions  Test instruction ‣ Costs ‣ Time Search for possible technical UCM solutions / Feasibility study Decision: EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

31 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts 2. Modernisation Experience with Modernisation 1. Modernisation3. Modernisation certified UCM System: ‣ Gearless Brake, ‣ Overspeed Governor, ‣ Electronic Interface certified UCM System: ‣ Safety Gear, ‣ Overspeed Governor, ‣ Electronic Interface UCM certified: ‣ Overspeed Governor, ‣ Electronic Interface ‣ Non certified gearless brake Results ? EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

32 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with 1. Modernisation certified UCM System: ‣ Safety Gear, ‣ Overspeed Governor, ‣ Electronic Interface UCM calculation and distance given in instruction for use Inspection by notified body Practical check of the calculated UCM stopping distances. measured Values under calculated values EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

33 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with 2. Modernisation certified UCM System: ‣ Gearless Brake, ‣ Overspeed Governor, ‣ Electronic Interface UCM distances calculated Inspection by notified body Practical check of the calculated UCM stopping distances. measured Values under calculated values Stopping distance: 0,557m EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

34 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Step for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Experience with 3. Modernisation certified UCM System: ‣ Overspeed Governor, ‣ Electronic Interface ‣ + non certified gearless brake UCM distances calculated from owner of certificate Type examination of complete UCM System for these specific lift by notified body Test procedure acc. EN 81-1/2+A3; F.8 measured Values within allowed empty up Full down 0,62m EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

35 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Example for Implementation of UCM in existing lifts Inspection through Notified Body EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

36 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Summary and Future Prospects Revision of Lift Directive 95/16/EC ‣ Expected changes  New safety devices for UCM protection in Annex III (previous IV) In the existing draft is no difference between “with opened doors or with closed doors”!  New EU-type examinations also for safety devices against UCM? EU- ‣ Publication by EU → second half of 2013 ‣ Withdrawal of LD 95/16/EC → second half of 2015 ‣ Transition period: → 2 Years EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

37 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Summary and Future Prospects Revision of EN 81-1/2  New EN 81-20/50 ‣ Requirement acc. safety devices against UCM, chapter of EN and 5.8 of EN ‣ Type examination for UCM protection necessary ‣ Final version publication→ Jun ‣ Harmonisation under Lift Directive→Oct ‣ Transition period 3 years →Jun EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany

38 2013/04/06 Asansör Istanbul April Thank you for your time and attention EN 81-1/2+A3 - UCM Application in Germany Wolfgang Adldinger WITTUR Chairman – Components Committee European Lift Association ( ELA )


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