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Building Energy Rating

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Presentation on theme: "Building Energy Rating"— Presentation transcript:


2 Building Energy Rating
Construction Studies An introduction to Building Energy Rating

3 Building Energy Rating
Building Energy Rating (BER) grades the energy efficiency of a building A Dwelling with a high rating will save the owner/ occupier money in energy costs.

4 Important dates for the BER
BER required for: New dwellings that apply for planning permission on/after 1st. January 2007. All existing buildings offered for sale or rent from 1st. January 2009.

5 Building standards & energy use
Typical for Building Regs Part L 2005 Building Regulations 2007/08 Primary Energy kWh/ m2 per year Low/ Zero Carbon Irish construction standard/year

6 Main factors effecting BER
Thermal insulation of the building envelope. Heat gains through glazed openings. Ventilation and air permeability. Domestic hot water system and control. Space heating control and energy required. Lighting and internal heat gains. 6

7 1 kWh of electricity costs 18 cent
What does BER measure? The BER measures energy use per square meter (floor area) of the dwelling per year. Measurement Unit kWh/m2/yr 1 kWh of electricity costs 18 cent Kilo watt / hour

8 Energy labelling informs the consumer of costs.
Domestic Appliances Energy labelling informs the consumer of costs.

9 What is Building Energy Rating?
BER rating Calculated using DEAP software. DEAP – Dwelling Energy Assessment Procedure BER scale (kWh/m2/yr) A1,A2,A3,B1,B2,B3 etc. CO2 indicator (kg/m2/yr)

10 Building Energy Rating (BER) Label
Each full band is 75 kWh/m2/y and is indicated by a change of colour on the label. FULL BAND Each small band is indicated by a change in the grade. Example: A1 to A2 to A3

11 Energy Costs and BER Cost comparasions based on average energy costs for 2007 in a 250m2 dwelling

12 Current Building Regulations
A dwelling built to the 2007/08 building regulations should achieve a: B or C rating

13 Building Energy Rating (BER) ?
No obligatory minimum standard applies. BER must be produced by a registered BER Assessor. BER is valid for 10 years unless changes are made to the building. The BER is independant of how the occupants behave in the building. An advisory report must accompany a BER certificate 13

14 Accompanying Advisory Report
New build: To advise owners on how to use the features in the building to maximise energy efficiency Existing buildings: To advise owners on the options for upgrading of building to maximise its energy efficiency

15 DEAP Computer Software
Calculating the BER DEAP Computer Software Download from:

16 Information required for DEAP
45 individual inputs are needed to do a BER assessment on a dwelling on DEAP Energy used for light Wall Heat Loss Dwelling Reference Living Area Heated to 21° Heat gains and losses through windows Door heat loss Construction type Central Heating Details Domestic Hot Water Details Ventilation Heat loss through thermal bridges Roof Heat Loss Floor Heat Loss

17 Information required for DEAP
1. Dimensions: The internal dimensions of the building envelope. New dwellings can be measured from the plans. Existing buildings may need to be surveyed.

18 Information required for DEAP
Number of chimneys/flues 2. Ventilation Details Number of sheltered sides Number of fans and vents Presence of a draught lobby or porch. Method of ventilation: Natural or Mechanical

19 Information required for DEAP
3. Air Permeability Sealing of the building envelope. Blower door testing required on new dwellings. Required to be 10 m3/(h.m2) for new 50 pa.

20 Information required for DEAP
4. Building elements (fabric heat losses) Ceiling/Roof U-Value Wall U-Value Floor U-Value Door & Window U-Values Thermal bridging factor typical 0.11 W/m2K

21 Information required for DEAP
5. Glazed area heat losses and gains Glazed area sizes. Orientation. Glazed unit U-Values - Glazing - Frame Solar transmittance.

22 Information required for DEAP
6. Details of the hot water system Level of Insulation on storage cylinder Instant or storage system. Insulation on pipe work. Temperature and time controls.

23 Information required for DEAP
7. Boiler and space heating details Boiler efficiency % Heating controls Radiator’s or under floor heating Fuel used

24 Information required for DEAP
7. Boiler and space heating details contd. Insulation on pipe work. Temperature and time controls. Weather compensation controls.

25 Information required for DEAP
8. Renewable energy used, e.g. Solar Water heating Solar photovoltaic Geothermal energy Wind power

26 Information required for DEAP
9. Lighting provision in the dwelling. The percentage of energy efficient light fittings in the dwelling.

27 Information required for DEAP
10. Net space heat demand. The heating requirements for the dwelling will depend on: The total volume. The living area %. Living area is assumed to be heated to 21oC and the rest of the dwelling heated to 18oC.

28 Information required for DEAP
11. Thermal mass category of the building ranging from: Thermally light construction e.g. timber frame Thermally massive construction. e.g. concrete block with hollowcore.

29 Energy rating worked example
Download the DEAP software from: Install the software as per instructions. Use the software to do a sample rating on the sample dwelling using the data supplied. Vary the inputs to improve the rating.

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