Presentation on theme: "Networks and Electromagnetic Spectrum (NES) Roadmap 2011 DoD Spectrum Workshop 16 DEC 11 1."— Presentation transcript:
1 Networks and Electromagnetic Spectrum (NES) Roadmap 2011 DoD Spectrum Workshop 16 DEC 111
2 Enabling the Information Dominance Vision Support the Information Dominance Vision with a single unified information environment across tactical, operational and strategic-level spectrum management and networks to assure the commander and warfighter get the right information at the right timeKey features of NES approach:Assured C2 of existing networks and communication infrastructurePhased approach to automated, real-time spectrum operationsNetwork architecture and data strategy that establishes the gridEnterprise services that facilitate information discovery and sharingAuthorities, oversight, standards and training that instill unity of commandWe are an enabling Roadmap that fully supports the Information Dominance Vision as stated in the May 2010 Document released by VADM Dorsett. Our key approaches and solutions detailed within this roadmap include:Assured Command and Control (C2) of our existing networks and communication infrastructure to guarantee operational success now and in the futureAuthorities, oversight, and standards that instill unity of command and effort in delivering a common enterprise vision for Navy networks, information, and Cyber dominanceTechniques, tactics, procedures, and training to ensure our Information Dominance personnel are effectively organized and aligned, and have the critical skills necessary for mission successNetwork architecture and data strategy that establishes the grid and supports the information needs of all mission areasEnterprise services that facilitate information discovery and sharing, and support the exchange of information with the Department of Defense (DoD), Joint, Coalition, Intelligence Community (IC), Federal, Civil, and Non-Government Organization (NGO) partners.
3 Related GuidanceCNO:CNO Strategic Studies Group XXIX: Fight in the Complex EM Environment,Critical to force survival are aggressive use of emissions control over the entire EM Terrain (Spectrum)Information Dominance – Maintaining the Momentum (ADM Roughead):Recommend TTP for CSG/ESG to dominate the EMSWarfighting in the Complex EME (ADM Greenert):In the next two decades, the EM environment may become our most critical warfighting arenaFLEET:COMUSFLTFORCOM – 2011 Fleet EW IPCLSM and Real-Time Spectrum Operations concept = Fleet prioritySTUDIES:Center for Naval Analysis (CNA), Countering anti-access measures (A2/AD)Use ALT dispersed FWD operating sites to facilitate more flexible operational support across the regionCenter for Naval Analysis (CNA), Importance of Electromagnetic Spectrum to the WarfighterID Roadmap for Spectrum Usage, recommend funding for the objectivesCAPT “Jack” Steiner, OPNAV N2N6F12:“The Navy specds significant resourses to procure systems optimized to operate in specific spectrum. Then it installs these systems on ships and they interfere with each other. To fix this, the Navy specds additional resources that sub-optimize these very same systems so that they can work along side each other.”
4 The Hidden Problem Obscured EMI Impacts Ship operator assumes system 100% capableActual System Operational CapabilityNo Detection FWDSHIPSHIPSHIPREALITYSHIPNo Detection RangeLost Detection RangeDetection Range:XX nautical miles, full 360 degreesGoal: Make the Assumption the Reality
5 NES Wholeness / Integration NetworksDecisionSuperiority(Capstone Strategy)Electromagnetic SpectrumIntegrated Targeting and Fire Control (ISS, ITC2, Air Roadmaps)Ballistic Missile DefenseUndersea DominanceInformation in WarfareTouch Points to all Roadmaps:Network ManagementTransport GridCommon Connectivity BusAgile RoutingFleet Network Operations Center AfloatNet-Centric Enterprise ServicesMobile GIG Entry PointsDoD IT Enterprise StrategyTouch Points to all Roadmaps:Congressional InventoryNational Broadband PlanAssured Spectrum AccessReal Time Spectrum OpsImprove SPY-1 InteroperabilityLinkage to NTAsDenied EnvironmentsWorld Radio Conference agenda items (ex., UAS Allocation, HF Radars)Spectrum Warfare (Cyber, EW Roadmaps)Information as WarfareMaritime Domain AwarenessIntelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR, UxS Roadmaps)Understanding the Environment and Precision Nav and Timing (Battlespace on Demand)Battlespace AwarenessNetworks and the Electromagnetic Spectrum(CSN, EMS Usage Roadmaps)Information Backbone
6 NES Approach Leverage existing efforts: A2/ADJoint Aerial Layer Network (JALN)Automated Radio Communications (ARC) / eXtensible Communications Automation Framework (XCAFE)Afloat EM Spectrum Operations Program (AESOP)Navy Enterprise Networks (NEN) Ashore IntegrationCANES (Afloat Integration)Spectral Warrior / SpiderNetTrident WarriorLeverage Current and Future TechnologyCognitive Radios / Dynamic Spectrum AccessONR: Integrated Topside: Innovative Naval Prototype (INP) programNRL:Resource Allocation Manager (RAM)Multifunction Electronic Warfare (MFEW) ADMAdvanced Multifunction RF Concept (AMRFC) Test BedAerial LayerMFEW on LSD 45
7 NES Vision and GoalsDevelop and establish a complete portfolio of reliable, highly-interoperable network and electromagnetic spectrum capabilitiesManage through a flexible, dynamic information grid that maximizes the ability of the warfighter to access, maneuver, and achieve decision superiority in, A2AD, benign, degraded and denied environments
8 NES Overarching View As-Is 2011 A2AD Event / Contested or DeniedNMCINOCCyberNodesGIGUSWPEDNCTSFLT NOCTeleportsShoreMOCShore Sites C2, Cyber, NETOPS, INTEL, PED, Maintenance, Logistics, HM&E, Medical, Admin/Personnel, Legal, MWREVENTSpaceAirSurfaceSub-SurfaceIn the As-Is (2011) Navy network environment, the only viable, high-bandwidth, over-the-horizon transport option for connecting units at the tactical edge is through the Space layerIn addition, physical and logical connections between shipboard networks and the antenna suites are sub-optimalPoint-to-point satellite communication links terminate at fixed Teleport, Standard Tactical Entry Points (STEPs), and Naval Computer and Telecommunications Station (NCTS) sites, which are the only GIG entry points available to most of the naval forces at the tactical edgeBandwidth and spectrum allocation are manually assigned to units based on a set of Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS)-prioritized roles and missions. The current process for satellite asset request is also very time- consuming (approximately 30 days).If the Space layer is unavailable, LOS communications relays through surface, sub-surface, or air layers must support the transport requirement. In the As-Is (2010) environment, LOS relays require specialized communications relay platforms.Point-to-point comms, specialized comms relays, reliance on Space Layer for connection to GIG, platforms are degraded8
9 NES Overarching View To-be Vision 2025 A2AD Event / Contested or DeniedSpaceShore Sites C2, Cyber, NETOPS, INTEL, PED, Maintenance, Logistics, HM&E, Medical, Admin/Personnel, Legal, MWRSpaceAirSurfaceGIG Entry PointsEVENTSub-SurfaceThe CSN roadmap vision for 2025 is a tactical edge where every node connects to the grid, and every node supports and extends the gridMobile GIG entry points support full spectrum connection of nodes at the tactical edge to C2 RearThe transport layer allows users to reach into the GIG for required information regardless of where it residesAutomatic and adaptive monitoring and management of the network ensures effective and efficient operation to diagnose problems and make repairs as needed. The communications grid will react to changes in the operational environment (such as connect, disconnect, segregate, and modify) to support the execution of multiple simultaneous Navy missions globallyThe flexible grid leverages commercial transport and technologies as available. The cell tower at the ashore entry point illustrates commercial connection to the GIGWe also plan to take advantage of shore -based transport and storage tied to the planned IC cloudShoreMOCTerrestrial GridMobile, Ad-hoc, Multi-Spectrum GridGlobal Information GridEvery node connects to the Grid, every node supports the Grid, Platforms have full combat capability
10 NES Ship Level Vision External Ship Electromagnetic Environment (EME) Real-Time Spectrum Operations (RTSO)Combat Systems MgmtEW/IO MgmtComms/Network Mgmt (Agile Routing)SHFCBSPMETOCNMTUHFSATCOMHFUHF/VHFLOSJTIDSL BandCommon Connectivity BusEWIntelBMD RadarNav RadarSystem HealthAAW RadarWeaponFireControlSurface& FCRSpectrum MonitoringAfloat Management and Control (Common Connectivity Bus) – Physical routing of shipboard traffic based on spectrum and routing assignmentsComms/Network Management (Agile Routing) – Dynamic, logical routing of shipboard traffic based on enterprise and shipboard spectrum and network availabilityReal-Time Spectrum Operations (RTSO) – SA and Control of shipboard spectrum10
11 Spectrum availability, status NES Enterprise Level VisionEnterprise Spectrum Operations (ESO)Enterprise Network Operations (ENO)Spectrum availability, statusSpectrum availability, statusRF asset availability, statusShore Sites C2, Cyber, NETOPS, INTEL, PEDGIG Entry PointsFightersJALNE2CShoreMOCTerrestrial GridMobile GIG Entry Points (MGEPs) – Access to the GIG from flexible grid without reliance on fixed Teleport/Standard Tactical Entry Point sites and the space layerEnterprise Network Operations – Enterprise network SA, path availability and dynamic network and routing managementEnterprise Spectrum Operations – Enterprise spectrum SA, availability and dynamic spectrum accessVirtual Secure Enclaves – Secure sub networks between operationally dependent nodes, managed by local commanders11
12 Real-Time Spectrum Operations (RTSO) TODAYINCR. 1INCR. 2INCR. 3Man in the Loop(MIL)MinutesMan on the Loop(MOL)SecondsCombat Systems (MIL)LOS COMMS (MOL)Machine to Machine (M2M)MillisecondsRTSO enables interoperable Core CapabilitiesFY14-18 Initial Capability (INCR 1)Spectrum Awareness: Most High-Value Antenna Systems.Feedback: Operator recvs recommend actions to Combat OPSControl: Semi-Automatic (Man on the Loop)FY17-21 Capability (INCR 2)Spectrum Awareness for > 75 % of all Antenna SystemsControl: Automatic – COMMS, Semi Auto Combat SystemsFY20-25 Capability (INCR 3)Spectrum Awareness for 100 % of all Antenna SystemsFeedback: Awareness of actions being takenControl: Fully Automated Control, machine to machine, Observe, Orient, Decide & Act CapabilityCOMUSFLTFORCOM – 2011 Fleet EW Integrated Prioritized Capabilities List (IPCL)Specifically highlights Spectrum Management and Real-Time Spectrum Operations (RTSO) concept development as a Fleet priority.
14 NES Roadmap Background The Maritime Strategy for the 21st century addresses the global challenges that face U.S. Naval ForcesFoundational to these challenges is our ability to have assured access to mission critical information in A2AD, benign, degraded and denied operational environmentsThis can only be accomplished by having flexible and dynamic access to and control of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS) and Navy NetworksNES Phase I Roadmap TimelineCSN RMEMSU RMNES OffsiteNES RMNES StakeholderNES IPRPublish NES RMConvergence to a Single Network (CSN) publishedDec 2010Electromagnetic Spectrum (EMS) Usage publishedApril 2011NES Offsite, SSC-LANT, Develop RM14 Aug 2011NES RM Draft Completed23 Sep 2011NES RM Stakeholder Review07 Oct 2011NES IPR RADM (S) Leigher02 Nov 2011NES Phase I Roadmap, Published31 Dec 2011
15 NES Roadmap Action Plan Governance, Standards, and Architecture (GSA)Flexible Dynamic Information Grid (FDIG)Real Time Spectrum Operations (RTSO)Assured Spectrum Access (ASA)Strategic Acquisition, Engineering (SAE)Outreach and Training (O&T)1.1 Network Management1.2 Asset Discovery1.3 Integrated Shipboard Network1.4 Transport Grid, MGEP1.5 Consolidate Ashore Network1.6 Agile Routing1.7 Afloat Mgmt. and Control (Bus)1.8 NOC Services Afloat1.9 Enterprise Services2.1 EMS Requirements2.2 Spectrum Utilization2.3 Warfighter Access2.4 National & International Spectrum Access3.1 Transition Plan3.2 Develop, Test & Field, INCR 1, 2 and 33.3 Data and Rule Sets4.1 EMS Utilization Plan4.2 Spectrum & Network Rqmts.4.3 EME Evaluation M&S and T&E4.4 Spectrum Digital Cert.4.5 Network T&E5.1 NETOPSPQS5.2 NETOPS TTP and Training5.3 Mission Focused Force5.4 Career Continuum5.5 Training Solutions5.6 E3/Spectrum DAWIA6.1 Enterprise Governance6.2 EnterpriseArchitecture6.3 InteroperabilityStandards6.4 CONOPS / Threats1.10 Implement VSEs1.11 Data Mgmt Strategy15
17 NES Quick Wins Overview Informing Navy Program Decisions Operational Capability:C.1.3 Quick Win #3: SAE, Include EMI Testing in DT/OT/SOVT Test Events: Integrate appropriate EMI testing in DT/OT test events.Policy and Process:C.1.2 Quick Win #2: SAE, Technical SSRA Pre‐Milestone A: Implement a process change for the development and delivery of a technical spectrum data prior to system Milestone A.Fleet Demonstrations:C.1.1 Quick Win #1: RTSO, Semi‐Automatic OPTASKCOM Demonstration: Demonstrate the Afloat Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations Program (AESOP) to load /update OPTASKCOMMs on an ARG COMM Suite automatically.C.1.4 Quick Win #4: O&T, Contested EMS Environment – Afloat, (Increased Fleet Operational Awareness): Assist C2F and C3F C2X and Joint Task Force Exercise (JTFEX) to implement spectrum training requirements in a stressed-like deployment environment.C.1.5 Quick Win #5: O&T, Contested EMS Environment – Ashore: Administer spectrum drills on Navy Shore establishment to force spectrum manipulations. Utilize a JTFEX to simulate enemy denial of service attacks through kinetic, cyber, or EW means.Note: C.1.X – is a reference to Appendix C in the NES Roadmap
18 NES Game Changers Overview Intelligent, Self-Synchronizing, Transparent Spectrum on DemandAssuredInterference FreeAccess on the MoveIntegratedArchitecturesGovernanceTrainingSeamlessAdaptiveOptimizedDynamicAgileFlexibleOpportunisticSelf -synchronizingUnderstandableStandardsProtocolsSpectrum SAC.2.1 GC #1: FDIG, Enterprise Asset Management: Discover components (servers, workstations, devices, applications, services, network infrastructure) as they connect to the network environment.C.2.2 GC #2: FDIG, Network Consolidation: Investigate technologies capable of integrating and consolidating shipboard networks, including technologies available to support a common shipboard antenna connectivity bus.C.2.3 GC #3: FDIG, Virtual Secure Enclaves: The creation of ONDs and associated VSEs and ASEs permits information sharing and protection within a single information security domain.C.2.4 GC #4: FDIG, Mobile Ad Hoc Networking: Leverage ONR’s Dynamic Tactical Communication Networks, an enabling capability that will deliver technologies to meet the requirements for more dynamic and scalable routing in tactical networks.C.2.5 GC #5: ASA, Integrated Topside Design: Integrated, multi-spectrum arrays providing dynamic access.C.2.8 GC #8: RTSO, Real-Time Battle-space Awareness: Real-time spectrum sensing provides shared situational awareness that enables collaboration and speed of command.C.2.6 GC #6: ASA, SPY‐1 Interoperability: The AN/SPY‐1 radar Out‐Of‐Band (OOB) emissions limit its usage near shore, invest in low noise, solid state amplifiers to improve interoperability.C.2.9 GC #9: SAE, Smart Card Technology: All systems will have an embedded smart card (or digital cert). Smart Cards allow system authentication, provide system health status.C.2.10 GC #10: Entire Roadmap, Autonomous Systems: An increased OP Tempo will be achieved through the use of Autonomous and semi-auto Systems, providing a more flexible and dynamic force.C.2.7 GC #7: RTSO, Spectrum Agile Radios: Systems can adjust their EM Spectrum utilization in response to changing circumstances and military objectives.
19 National Broadband Plan (NBP) Spectrum Bands Being Considered (Goal #2: ASA) Band MHzReallocation ImpactsKey Navy and DOD SystemsOther Federal Users406.1 – 420Non-Tactical Land Mobile Radio SystemsDOC, DHS, GSA, DOJ(1370 – 1390)Long Range Search Radars, Range Data Links, Cobra Dane, Tactical Comms (SRC-57 / MRC-142) Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar (Army), GPSFAA, DHS, NSF, TVA, NASA1675 – 1695(Fast Track 1695 – 1710)Meteorological Satellite (GOES) downlinks and RadiosondesDOC, NOAA, NASASpace Ground Link Subsystem (SGLS uplink); UAVs – Pointer, Raven, others; Tactical Comms (HCLOS, DWTS, SRC-57); Air Combat Training Systems; Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs); Sustaining Base OperationsDOJ, DOA, DOC, DHS, DOE, FAA, DOI, NASA, TVA, NSF, VA, HUDDOJ, DOA, AID, DOC, DHS, DOE, EPA, FAA, HHS, HUD, DOI, OPM2200 – 2290Missile telemetry, Airborne telemetry, Space Ground Link Subsystem (SGLS downlink)DOA, DOC, DHS, GSA, DOI, DOT, DOJ2700 – 2900Ground and Maritime Air surveillance radars, future Navy radarsFAA, NOAA, DOEGround penetrating and weather radars, Maritime Navigational radars, future Navy radars (BMD)NOAA, DOEDDG/CG Aegis SPY-1 Weapon System (Radar and Missile guidance); Army Fire Finder counter battery radar; Airborne radar; future Navy radars (BMD)DOE3500 – 3650 MHz(Fast Track 3550 – 3650)Airborne Station Keeping Equipment, Shipboard Air Traffic Control radar, future Navy radars (BMD)Radar altimeters on all DOD aircraft , PGMs, and large UAVsFAA, DOI, DHS#Band StudyPrioritizations34LLow - ReallocationImpacts minimal2NTIA TopPriority Bands1MMedium - ReallocationImpacts significantThe MHz and MHz bands have been prioritized as the initial 10 year focus by NTIA, OMB and the White House for the 10 year plan.This band has been prioritized for evaluation first.SECDEF and Director National Intelligence concur. Direction to be provided that no new funding will be provided for reallocation assessments.HHigh - ReallocationImpacts Critical, bandshould not be pursued65Reallocation impacts determined by OPNAV, Fleet, and PEO leads19