Treatment If Conservative means fail to control symptoms, then Cervical Spinal Fusion is the preferred Surgical Treatment.
Symptomatic C1-C2 instability in EDS patients can be surgically treated with a C1-C2 fusion
KH 1 yr Post-Op
JM 1 yr Post-Op
Between 1/2009 and 8/2011, N= year follow up. All patients underwent stabilization for C1-C2.
Outcomes. Mean Pre-op Pain – 8 Mean post op pain at one year- 2 One patient still had residual pain. Screw fracture in one patient. Headaches resolved in 92% of patients. Will you do this procedure again – 95%.
Conclusion Cervical Spinal Instability is a common reason for EDS patients suffering from headaches and Cranio-Cervical pain. It is under- appreciated by the spine community and not very well understood. In many circumstances, patients complaining of such complaints go through extensive work up with no treatment offered in the end. Stabilization of O-C1-C2, complex resolves cranio- cervical symptoms in EDS patients.
Pain at Best
Pain at Worst
Pain on Average
Classical type (formerly Types I and II) EDS Signs and symptoms include: Loose joints Highly elastic, velvety skin Fragile skin that bruises or tears easily Redundant skin folds, such as on the eyelids Slow and poor wound healing leading to wide scarring Noncancerous fibrous growths on pressure areas, such as elbows and knees; fatty growths on the shins and forearms Muscle fatigue and pain Heart valve problems (mitral valve prolapse and aortic root dilation)
Hypermobility type (formerly type III) EDS Signs and symptoms include: Loose, unstable joints with many dislocations Easy bruising Muscle fatigue and pain Chronic degenerative joint disease Advanced premature osteoarthritis with chronic pain Heart valve problems (mitral valve prolapse and aortic root dilation)
Vascular type (formerly type IV) EDS This type of EDS is rare, but it's one of the most serious. It affects an estimated 1 in 100,000 to 200,000 people. Signs and symptoms include: Fragile blood vessels and organs that are prone to tearing (rupture) Thin, translucent skin that bruises easily Characteristic facial appearance, including protruding eyes, thin nose and lips, sunken cheeks and small chin Collapsed lung (pneumothorax) Heart valve problems (mitral valve prolapse and others)
Complications Depend on your symptoms and type of EDS, but some common ones include: Prominent scarring Difficulty with surgical wounds — stitches may tear out, or healing may be incomplete Chronic joint pain Joint dislocation Early onset arthritis Premature aging with sun exposure
Complications with Vascular EDS Serious complications can arise with vascular EDS such as Tearing (rupture) of major blood vessels, i.e., ruptured or dissected artery or an aneurysm, rupture of organs, such as the intestines or uterus. These complications can be fatal. About 1 in 4 people with vascular type EDS develop a significant health problem by age 20, and more than 80 percent develop complications by age 40. The median age of death is 48 years.