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Cervical Instability in the EDS Population

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Presentation on theme: "Cervical Instability in the EDS Population"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cervical Instability in the EDS Population
EDNF 2012 Conference August 2012 Cervical Instability in the EDS Population A. Atiq Durrani, MD Center For Advanced Spine Technologies Cincinnati, OH All rights reserved.

2 Cervical Spine Issues in EDS
C1-C2 instability Cranio-cervical Instability. Lower Cervical kyphosis. Cervical disc degeneration ( Most common at C4-5, C5-6). Chiari Malformation


4 Diagnosing C1-C2 Instability

5 Common Symptoms of Cervical Instability
Occipital headaches Neck pain Passing out at the extremes of lateral rotation Choking sensations Base of skull tenderness Jaw pain


7 Symptoms

8 Symptoms

9 Symptoms

10 Symptoms

11 Symptoms

12 Dx Tests

13 MRI with Flexion and Extension
What we look for: Cleido-clivus angle Grubbs Oak distance Distance between clivus and dens Cranial settling/Chiari malformation Subluxation of vertebrae

14 Measurements



17 Subluxation of C2 on C3

18 Cranial Settling or Chiari Malformation

19 3D CT Neutral

20 3D CT Left

21 3D CT Right

22 % uncovering of facets Blue line measures the C2 facet.
EDNF 2012 Conference August 2012 % uncovering of facets Blue line measures the C2 facet. Green line measures the amount of C1 facet that covers C2. With these numbers, % uncovered can be calculated. All rights reserved.

23 Asymptomatic- Observation
Treatment Asymptomatic- Observation

24 Treatment Symptomatic Physical Therapy- Cranio-Sacral Alignment.
Cervical Collar.

25 Treatment Interventional Pain Procedures. Occipital nerve Blocks
Cervical Epidural / Foraminal Injections.

26 Treatment If Conservative means fail to control symptoms , then Cervical Spinal Fusion is the preferred Surgical Treatment.

27 Symptomatic C1-C2 instability in EDS patients can be surgically treated with a C1-C2 fusion

28 KH Pre-Op




32 KH 1 yr Post-Op



35 JM Pre-Op




39 JM 1 yr Post-Op



42 Outcomes

43 Outcomes Between 1/2009 and 8/2011, N= 25. 1 year follow up.
All patients underwent stabilization for C1-C2.

44 Outcomes. Mean Pre-op Pain – 8 Mean post op pain at one year- 2
One patient still had residual pain. Screw fracture in one patient. Headaches resolved in 92% of patients. Will you do this procedure again – 95%.

45 Conclusion Cervical Spinal Instability is a common reason for EDS patients suffering from headaches and Cranio-Cervical pain. It is under- appreciated by the spine community and not very well understood. In many circumstances, patients complaining of such complaints go through extensive work up with no treatment offered in the end. Stabilization of O-C1-C2, complex resolves cranio-cervical symptoms in EDS patients.

46 Pain at Best

47 Pain at Worst

48 Pain on Average





53 Classical type (formerly Types I and II) EDS
Signs and symptoms include: Loose joints Highly elastic, velvety skin Fragile skin that bruises or tears easily Redundant skin folds, such as on the eyelids Slow and poor wound healing leading to wide scarring Noncancerous fibrous growths on pressure areas, such as elbows and knees; fatty growths on the shins and forearms Muscle fatigue and pain Heart valve problems (mitral valve prolapse and aortic root dilation)

54 Hypermobility type (formerly type III) EDS
Signs and symptoms include: Loose, unstable joints with many dislocations Easy bruising Muscle fatigue and pain Chronic degenerative joint disease Advanced premature osteoarthritis with chronic pain Heart valve problems (mitral valve prolapse and aortic root dilation)

55 Vascular type (formerly type IV) EDS
This type of EDS is rare, but it's one of the most serious. It affects an estimated 1 in 100,000 to 200,000 people. Signs and symptoms include: Fragile blood vessels and organs that are prone to tearing (rupture) Thin, translucent skin that bruises easily Characteristic facial appearance, including protruding eyes, thin nose and lips, sunken cheeks and small chin Collapsed lung (pneumothorax) Heart valve problems (mitral valve prolapse and others)

56 Complications Depend on your symptoms and type of EDS, but some common ones include: Prominent scarring Difficulty with surgical wounds — stitches may tear out, or healing may be incomplete Chronic joint pain Joint dislocation Early onset arthritis Premature aging with sun exposure

57 Complications with Vascular EDS
Serious complications can arise with vascular EDS such as Tearing (rupture) of major blood vessels, i.e., ruptured or dissected artery or an aneurysm, rupture of organs, such as the intestines or uterus. These complications can be fatal. About 1 in 4 people with vascular type EDS develop a significant health problem by age 20, and more than 80 percent develop complications by age 40. The median age of death is 48 years.

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